It was just 100 miles from Washington D.C. to the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia, but the trip took many twists and turns and four long years. The Eastern Theater of the American Civil War ran from southern Pennsylvania to Virginia’s North Carolina border and from Chesapeake Bay to the mountains west of the Shenandoah Valley. It included the first big battle at Bull Run, the deadliest single day at Antietam, and the greatest battle of the war at Gettysburg.
There were other theaters and armies, and some of the most decisive blows of the war were elsewhere. But to many the heart and soul of the Civil War was the contest between the Union Army of the Potomac and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.
This site was created to provide background information for the Stone Sentinels site about Civil War battlefield monuments. Its goal is to help viewers better understand the battles and campaigns of the Eastern Theater by providing more in-depth information on the people, military units, landscape and timelines that were involved.
United States Armies
Organization of the Federal armies and departments in the Eastern Theater of the Civil War on a month to month basis including their commanders and their composition down to the regimental and battery level.
Confederate States Armies
Organization of the Confederate armies in the Eastern Theater of the Civil War on a month to month basis including their commanders and their composition down to the regimental and battery level.
A brief background on some of the lesser-known but important people in the Eastern Theater.
West Point officers who served in the Civil War
West Point provided the leadership for the armies of both sides. This section lists United States Military Academy classes from 1802 until 1864 with information about whether each officer served in the war, on which side, and the highest rank he attained.