The Civil War in the East

5th Alabama Infantry Regiment

The 5th Alabama Infantry Regiment mustered a total of 1,719 men during the Civil War, of whom 300 were killed in action and 240 died of disease.

1861

May 11

Organized at Camp Jeff Davis in Montgomery under Colonel Robert Rodes, Lieutenant Colonel Allen Cadwallader Jones and Major J.T. Morgan.

May 12-15

Moved by rail to Pensacola, Florida.

May 13-15

Mustered in to Confederate service for 12 months.

June 2

Nine companies returned by rail to Montgomery. The artillery companiy was permanently detached and stayed at Pensacola

June 3-10

Moved by rail to Richmond in two groups and stayed at Camp Lee.

June 18-19

Moved by rail to Manassas, Virginia and camped that night on the Van Pelt farm near the Stone Bridge.

June 20

Assigned to the Second Brigade, Army of the Potomac, under Brigadier General Richard Ewell.

June 22-23

Moved to Farr's Crossroads.

July 7

The Barbour Greys joined the regiment at Farr's Crossroads to become the new Company K.

July 17

Withdrew across Bull Run and took position at Union Mills.

July 21

Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

Stationed at Union Mills. The regiment was placed downstream from the Orange & Alexandria railroad bridge, with part of the regiment in reserve and part entrenched along the stream bank.

July 25

Assigned to the Second Brigade, First Corps, Army of the Potomac

August 23

Moved to Sangster's Crossroads

October 21

Colonel Rodes was promoted to brigadier general, with the 5th as part of his brigade.

November 20.

Lt. Colonel Jones was promoted to Colonel.

November

Assigned to Rodes' Brigade, D.H. Hill's Division, Second Corps

December 28

Most of Company H organized into artillery battery.

1862

March

Moved to Yorktown

April 27

The regiment reorganized. Captain Josephus M. Hall of Company A was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

May

The regiment reenlisted and was reorganized. Colonel Jones was replaced by Colonel Christopher Pegues.

May 7

Assigned to Rodes' Brigade, Rodes' Division, Second Corps

May 31- June 1

Battle of Seven Pines

The regiment lost 27 killed and 128 wounded of 660 men engaged, including Captain James V. Tutt was wounded and resigned due to disability.

June 27

Battle of First Cold Harbor (Gaines' Mill)

Colonel Pegues and Captain George W. Reed were killed. Major Edwin L. Hobson took command of the regiment.

July 1

Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm)

The regiment lost 15 killed and 58 wounded of the 225 engaged.

July 17

Lieutenant Colonel Hall was promoted to colonel. Major Hobson was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Eugene Blackford of Company K was promoted to major.

September 15 - 17

Maryland Campaign

Commanded by Major Hobson, the regiment lost 11 killed and 39 wounded at Bonesboro and Sharpsburg

December 13

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel E. L. Hobson, while Colonel Josephus Hall temporarily commanded the brigade. It lost 1 wounded.

May 1-4

Battle of Chancellorsville

Commanded by Colonel Hall, the regiment was in the forefront of Jackson's flank attack, the regiment suffered 24 killed, 13 wounded and 121 missing, including Lt. Colonel Hobson, who was wounded, and Captain William Thomas Renfro, who was killed. The 5th lost its colors to the 111th Pennsylvania Regiment. They were returned by the U. S. War Department to the State of Alabama in 1905 and are in the possession of the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Josephus Marion Hall, and brought 24 officers and 293 men to the field. It lost 26 men killed, 116 wounded, and 67 missing. Lieutenant J.N. Robertson was captured.

August 25

Assigned to Battle's Brigade, Rodes' Division, Second Corps

1864

May 4-5

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8-21

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

May 10

Colonel Hall was wounded, losing his arm, and Captain N. R. E. Ferguson was killed.

June

Battle of Cold Harbor

Captain John M. Gilchrist killed

June 13

Transferred to the Shenandoah Valley and assigned to Battle's Brigade, Rodes' Division, Army of the Valley.

June 17-18

Battle of Lynchburg

June 19-21

Pursuit of Hunter

June 26

At Stanton

June 30

At New Market

July 1

Marched through Winchester

Juy 5-6

Crossed the Potomac at Boteler's Ford

July 9

Battle of Monocacy

July 11-12

Battle of Fort Stevens

July 24

Second Battle of Kernstown

August

The regiment was sent to the Shenandoah Valley

September 19

Third Battle of Winchester

Captain George W. Reed was killed.

September 20

Major General Ramseur took command of the division after General Rodes was killed.

September 21-22

Battle of Fisher's Hill

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

Lt. Colonel Hobson temporarily took over the brigade when Colonel Battle was wounded.. Major Blackford was cashiered by a court-martial for "misbehavior before the enemy" but was reinstated by President Davis after overwhelming support from his men, fellow officers and commanders.

October 20

With the death of General Ramseur, Brigadier General Bryan Grimes took command of the division.

November 29

Colonel Hall retired due to his Spotsylvania wound and Lt. Colonel Hobson was promoted to colonel.

mid-December

The division left the Shenandoah Valley and returned to the Richmond defences as part of the Second Corps.

1865

February 23

Brigadier General Bryan Grimes was promoted to major general and given permanent command of the division.

April 9

Appomattox

Surrendered 4 officers and 53 men under Captain Thomas M. Riley.

 




 
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