The Civil War in the East

5th Alabama Infantry Regiment

The 5th Alabama Infantry Regiment mustered 1,719 men during the Civil War, of whom 300 were killed in action and 240 died of disease.


May 5

Organized at Montgomery with Robet Rodes as its Colonel. Rodes had been captain of the Warrior Guards of Tuscaloosa, which became Company H.


Duty at Pensacola, Florida.


Ordered to Manassas, Virginia, becoming part of Ewell's Brigade

October 21

Colonel Rodes was promoted to brigadier general, with the 5th as part of his brigade. Lt. Col. Jones took over as Colonel of the regiment.


Assigned to Rodes' Brigade, D.H. Hill's Division, Second Corps

December 28

Most of Company H organized into artillery battery.



Moved to Yorktown

April 27

Captain Josephus M. Hall of Company A was promoted to lieutenant colonel.


The regiment reenlisted and was reorganized. Colonel Jones was replaced by Colonel Christopher Pegues.

May 7

Assigned to Rodes' Brigade, Rodes' Division, Second Corps

May 31- June 1

Battle of Seven Pines

The regiment lost 27 killed and 128 wounded of 660 men engaged, including Captain James V. Tutt was wounded and resigned due to disability.

June 27

Battle of First Cold Harbor (Gaines' Mill)

Colonel Pegues and Captain George W. Reed were killed. Major Edwin L. Hobson took command of the regiment.

July 1

Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm)

The regiment lost 15 killed and 58 wounded of the 225 engaged.

July 17

Lieutenant Colonel Hall was promoted to colonel. Major Hobson was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Eugene Blackford of Company K was promoted to major.

September 15 - 17

Maryland Campaign

Commanded by Major Hobson, the regiment lost 11 killed and 39 wounded at Bonesboro and Sharpsburg

December 13

Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment was under the command of Lieutenant Colonel E. L. Hobson, while Colonel Josephus Hall temporarily commanded the brigade. It lost 1 wounded.

May 1-4

Battle of Chancellorsville

Commanded by Colonel Hall, the regiment was in the forefront of Jackson's flank attack, the regiment suffered 24 killed, 13 wounded and 121 missing, including Lt. Colonel Hobson, who was wounded, and Captain William Thomas Renfro, who was killed. The 5th lost its colors to the 111th Pennsylvania Regiment. They were returned by the U. S. War Department to the State of Alabama in 1905 and are in the possession of the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Josephus Marion Hall, and brought 24 officers and 293 men to the field. It lost 26 men killed, 116 wounded, and 67 missing. Lieutenant J.N. Robertson was captured.

August 25

Assigned to Battle's Brigade, Rodes' Division, Second Corps


May 4-5

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8-21

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

May 10

Colonel Hall was wounded, losing his arm, and Captain N. R. E. Ferguson was killed.


Battle of Cold Harbor

Captain John M. Gilchrist killed

June 13

Transferred to the Shenandoah Valley and assigned to Battle's Brigade, Rodes' Division, Army of the Valley.

June 17-18

Battle of Lynchburg

June 19-21

Pursuit of Hunter

June 26

At Stanton

June 30

At New Market

July 1

Marched through Winchester

Juy 5-6

Crossed the Potomac at Boteler's Ford

July 9

Battle of Monocacy

July 11-12

Battle of Fort Stevens

July 24

Second Battle of Kernstown


The regiment was sent to the Shenandoah Valley

September 19

Third Battle of Winchester

Captain George W. Reed was killed.

September 20

Major General Ramseur took command of the division after General Rodes was killed.

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

Lt. Colonel Hobson temporarily took over the brigade when Colonel Battle was wounded.. Major Blackford was cashiered by a court-martial for "misbehavior before the enemy" but was reinstated by President Davis after overwhelming support from his men, fellow officers and commanders.

October 20

With the death of General Ramseur, Brigadier General Bryan Grimes took command of the division.

November 29

Colonel Hall retired due to his Spotsylvania wound and Lt. Colonel Hobson was promoted to colonel.


The division left the Shenandoah Valley and returned to the Richmond defences as part of the Second Corps.


February 23

Brigadier General Bryan Grimes was promoted to major general and given permanent command of the division.

April 9


Surrendered 4 officers and 53 men under Captain Thomas M. Riley.


About the Author • ©2014 Steve Hawks