The Civil War in the East

14th Connecticut Infantry Regiment

The 14th Connecticut lost 17 officers and 188 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 191 enlisted men by disease during the Civil War. The 14th sustained the largest percentage of loss of any regiment from Connecticut.

 

The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg and another at Antietam. From the Gettysburg monument: "Lost in killed and died in the service, 366; in wounded and disabled many hundreds. Original muster 1015; recruits 697, final muster of original members, present and absent, 234"

14th Connecticut Infantry Regiment monument at antietam
monument at
Antietam

14th Connecticut Infantry Regiment monument at Gettysburg

monument at
Gettysburg

1862

 

Organized at Camp Foote near Hartford

August 23

Mustered in under the command of Colonel Dwight Morris

August 25

Left State for Washington, D.C. and camp at Arlington, Va.

Aug. 29

Forced marched to Fort Ethan Allen near Chain Bridge

September 7-8

Moved to Rockville, Md.; Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam
The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Sanford H. Perkins while Colonel Morris commanded the brigade. It lost 20 killed, 98 wounded, and 48 missing.

 

From the momnument at Antietam:

"Advanced to this point in a charge about 9:30 A.M., September 17th, 1862, then fell back eighty-eight yards to a cornfield fence and held position heavily engaged nearly two hours; then was sent to the support of the first brigade of its division at the Roulette Lane two hours; then was sent to the extreme left of the first division of this Corps to the support of Brooke's Brigade and at 5 P.M. was placed in support between the Brigades of Caldwell and Meagher of that Division, overlooking "Bloody Lane", holding position there until 10 A.M. of the 18th when relieved.

This monument stands on the line of Companies B and G near the left of the Regiment. In this battle the Regiment lost 38 killed and mortally wounded, 88 wounded and 21 reported missing."

September 22

Moved to Bolivar Heights near Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

October 16-17

Reconnaissance to Charlestown

October 30 - November 17

Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.

November 18

Sent with brigade to Belle Plaine for guard and fatigue duty

December 6

Rejoined the division at Falmouth

December 12-15

Crossed into the city of Fredericksburg

December 13

Battle of Fredericksburg

Assaulted the stone wall at the foot of Marye's Hill. Lt. Colonel Perkins and Major Clark were disabled for further servce, and the regiment lost 11 killed, 87 wounded, and 22 missing.

December 15

Let Fredericksburg for camp at Falmouth

1863

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

May 6

Returned to camp at Falmouth

June 11

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-4

Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment was commanded by Major Theodore G. Ellis. It brought 200 men to Gettysburg, of whom 10 were killed, 52 wounded, and 4 were missing. The 14th captured the colors of both the 1st and 14th Tennessee Infantry at the height of Pickett's Charge, as those units made it to the Union line north of The Angle.

 

From the monument at Gettysburg:

"The 14th C.V. reached the vicinity of Gettysburg at evening July 1st, 1863, and held this position July 2nd, 3rd and 4th. The regt. took part in the repulse of Longstreet's grand charge on the 3rd, capturing in their immediate front more than 200 prisoners and five battle-flags. They also, on the 3rd, captured from the enemy's sharp-shooters the Bliss buildings in their far front, and held them until ordered to burn them. Men in action 160, killed and wounded 62."

July 6

Pusuit of Lee

July 14

Falling Waters

July 15

Moved via Harpers Ferry and Loudon Valley to Catlett's Station, Virginia

August 6

First reinforcement of recruits, conscripts and substitutes

August 25

Original state flag, too tattered by battle damage to unfurl, is replaced by state

August 31 - September 3

Expedition to Harwood Church

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan via Culpepper and Cedar Mountain

September 18

Two deserters from the recent reinforcement of substitutes shot for desertion in the presence on the division

October 9-22

Bristoe campaign

October 14

Action at Auburn and Bristoe Station

October 17

Skirmish at Blackburn's Ford

October 23

At Warrenton

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 10

Near Stevensburg, Va.

November 26 - December 2

Mine Run Campaign

December 2

Returned to camp near Stevensburg

December 29

Winter quarters at Stony Mountain

1864

February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan, Battle of Morton's Ford. Under Lt. Colonel Samuel A. Moore the regiment forded the icy river under fire of artillery and infantry, followed by a nightime hand-to-hand fight, losing 6 killed, 90 wounded, and 19 missing

March

Became part of 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps

April

At Stevensburg, Va.

May-June.

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James

May 4

Crossed the Rapidan

May 5-7

Battles of the Wilderness

May 8-12

Spotsylvania

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 12-21

Spotsylvania C. H.

May 12

Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania C. H.

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

Line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31

Totopotomoy

June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 14

Crossed James River

June 15-18

Before Petersburg

June 16

Siege of Petersburg begins

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

June 27-29

Demonstration on north side of the James River at Prince George Court House

July 26-28

Expedition to Deep Bottom

August 12-21

Strawberry Plains, Second expedition to Deep Bottom

August 24

Raid and destruction of Weldon Railroad

August 25

Ream's Station

The regiment was under fire from three directions, and fought for some time from both sides of their breastworks.

September
15 - 24

Expedition to Prince George Courthouse

October 27-29

Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run

November

Duty at Fort McGilvery

November 29

Moved left to relieve Ninth Corps

December 6

Moved left to to relieve 5th Corps

December 13

Encamped near Fort Clark. The regiment by this time was reduced to 180 men fit for duty, and was armed with Sharps rifles.

1865

February 5-7

Dabney's Mills

March 25

Watkins' House - demonstration on left of Second Corps line , capturing the enemy's work and about 70 prisoners.

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

March 31

Crow's House

April 2

Assault on and fall of Petersburg

April 6

Sailor's Creek

April 7

High Bridge and Farmville

April 9

Appomattox C. H. Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 14 - May 2

At Burkesville, guarding captured stores

May 2-15

Moved to Washington, D.C. The regiment led the 2nd Corps in its march through Richmond.

May 21

Old members mustered out

May 23

Grand review

May 30

Mustered out. Veterans and recruits transferred to 2nd Conn. Heavy Artillery

June 1

Began journey home

June 3

Regiment reaches Hartford

Sources:

Dyer's Compendium

“Record of Service of Connecticut Men in The Army and Navy of The United States During The War of The Rebellion” Hartford, Conn. Press of The Case, Lockwood & Brainard Company. 1889.

Fox's Regimental Losses

Regimental monuments at Antietam and Gettysburg




 
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