The Civil War in the East

1st Connecticut Light Artillery

The First Connecticut Light Artillery lost 1 officer and 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 11 men wounded, 21 enlisted men died of disease, and 4 men discharged disabled during the Civil War.



October 26

Organized at West Meriden and mustered in


January 13

Left State for New York on the steamship Elm City

January 21

Captain Alfred P. Bockwell took command of the battery, which embarked late that day on the ship Ellwood Walter

Janury 27

Ellwood Waller leaves New York for Hilton Head, S.C.

February 4

Arrived at Hilton Head

February 5

Proceeded up the Broad River to Beaufort, S.C.

Februry 6

Battery landed at Beaufort.

February - April

Duty at Hilton Head, S. C. Attached to Sherman's expeditionary corps


Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the South

May 31-June 28

Expedition to James Island and operations against Charleston, S.C.

June 16

Battle of Secessionville

Although several horses were killed, the battery suffered no casualties.

May 28-July 7

Evacuation of James Island and movement to Hilton Head, S.C. Assigned to District of Beaufort, S. C., Dept. of the South.

September 30-October 13

Expedition to St. John's Bluff, Fla.; Assigned to District of Beaufort, S.C., 10th Army Corps, Dept. of the South

October 21-23

Expedition to Pocotaligo

October 22

Frampton's Plantation, Pocotaligo


Duty at Hilton Head and at Beaufort, S.C.



Moved to Folly Island, S.C. and assigned to United States forces Folly Island, S.C., 10th Corps, Dept. of the South


One section embarked on the steamship Governor Milton with Colonel Higginson's First South Carolina Volunteers (Colored) to destroy the Pompon River railroad bridge. The Governor Milton ran aground on its return from the unsuccessful mission, and the two guns were sunk in the river to prevent capture.

July 9-16

Expedition to James Island

July 10

Williston Bluff, Pon Pon River

July 16

Action on James Island


Siege operations against Forts Wagner and Gregg, Morris Island and against Fort Sumter and Charleston, S.C., from Folly Island


46 of the men reenlisted as Veterans


April, 18-23

Moved from Folly Island, S.C., to Gloucester Point, Va. on the transports General Meigs and Ella Knight, and assigned to Artillery, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia and North Carolina

May 4-June 21

Butler's operations on south side of the James and against Petersburg and Richmond

May 10

Chester Station

May 12-16

Operations against Fort Darling

May 14-16

Battle of Drewry's Bluff

May 14

Proctor's Creek

The battery lost Lieutenant George Metcalf and Private Wilmot killed and ten men wounded.

May 17-June 21

On the Bermuda front

June 16-17

Port Walthal

June 16

Siege operations begin against Petersburg and Richmond

June 21

Moved to Deep Bottom, Va.

July 21 and 27-28

Actions at Deep Bottom

August 14-18

Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

August 25

Moved to Petersburg front and duty in trenches before that city attached to Artillery Brigade, 10th Army Corps

September 28

Moved to Deep Bottom

September 29-30

Battle of Chaffin's Farm, New Market Heights


Duty in trenches before Richmond


The battery exchanged its six pounder James Rifles for twelve pounder Napoleon guns due to the difficulty in obtaining rifled ammunition.


Assigned to Artillery Brigade, 25th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia

April 3

Occupation of Richmond


Duty at Richmond and Manchester


June 11

Mustered out at Manchester

June 14

Returned to New Haven

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks