The Civil War in the East

1st Connecticut Cavalry Regiment

The 1st Connecticut Cavalry Regiment lost 4 officers and 36 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and 4 officers and 149 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.



October 1-23

Organized at Camp Tyler, West Meridian as a battalion of four companies


February 20-24

Moved to Wheeling, W. Va. unde Major Judson M. Lyon


Operations against guerrillas in Hardy County, W. Va. attached to R. R. District, Mountain Department

March 27

Attached to Schenck's Brigade, Mountain Department

April 3

Action with guerillas at Moorefield, W. Va.

May 2-7

March to relief of Milroy

May 8


May 10-12


May 24


May 28


May 30

Raid to Shaver River

June 1


June 5

New Market

June 7


June 8

Cross Keys

June 9

Port Republic

June 10-July 28

Movement down the valley to Madison C. H.

June 16

Assigned to Cavalry Brigade, 1st Army Corps, Army of Va.

June 22-30

Scout from Strasburg (Company B)


Scouting in vicinity of Madison C. H.

Aug. 16-Sept. 2

Pope's campaign in Northern Va.

Major Lyon resigned. Captain Middlebrook took command of the battalion

August 9

At Cedar Mountain

August 12

Joined pursuit of Jackson to the Rapidan

Aug. 27-30

Provost duty during the Bull Run battles


Duty at Tennallytown, Fairfax C. H., Kalorama Heights and Hall's Farm attached to Cavalry Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Army Potomac


March to Fredericksburg, Va., and duty at Stafford C. H.

December 20-22

Kelly's Ford



Moved to Baltimore, Md., and duty there, organizing as a regiment under Colonel William Fish. Assigned to Defenses of Baltimore, Md. 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept (Compaines A, B, C, D and E). Captain Farnsworth oversaw the construction of barracks, barns and a chapel at Camp Cheesebrough.

July 5

Moved to Harper's Ferry, W. Va. and assigned to Maryland Heights Division, Dept. of West Va.

July 14

Captain Farnsworth and 49 men attacked a Confederate picket on Bolivar Heights of over 400 men. Captain Farnsworth and over half the detachment were captured

August 8

Skirmish at Waterford (Detachment)


Assigned to Cavalry Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. West. Va.

October 18


November 15-18

Expedition from Charlestown to New Market



Regimental organization completed at Baltimore. Assigned to Cavalry Reserve, 8th Army Corps, Defenses of Baltimore. Major Blakeslee assumed command of the regiment and the attachment at Harpers Ferry rejoined the regiment.

February 4

Moorefield (Detachment)

March 8

Moved to Annapolis Junction with 675 men.

March 15

Joined 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac at Brandy Station, Va.

March 24

Arrived Stevensburg, Virginia

March 29

Sergeant Fish of Company H was wounded on picket duty at Grove Church. While lying wounded he was shot 21 times with his own revolver and left for dead, but lived long enough to tell his story.

April 1



Rapidan Campaign

MAy 4

Crossed the Rapidan

May 5

Craig's Meeting House

Major Marcy and 200 men were cut off and fought their way back in a saber charge, losing 40 men.

May 5-6

Todd's Tavern

May 8

Alsop's farm, Spottsylvania

Captured 35 prisoners.


The regiment was issued Specer and Sharps carbines in place of its Smith's carbine, General Wilson commenting that they had earned the right to cary them.

May 9-24

Sheridan's raid to James River

May 9-10

North Anna River

May 11

Ground Squirrel Bridge and Yellow Tavern

May 12

Brook Church or fortifications of Richmond, Strawberry Hill

May 26

Demonstration on Little River

May 28-31

Line of the Totopotomoy

May 31

Mechump's Creek and Hanover C. H.

June 1


The regiment supported Fitzhugh's Battery in a series of fights against overwhelming odds. Captain Warner and Color-sergeant Whipple were killed and Lietenant Colonel Blakeslee wounded. Major Marcy took over command.

June 2

Totopotomoy and Gaines' Mills

June 3

Haw's Shop

June 3-12

Cold Harbor

June 10

Captain Backus was killed in a skirmish

June 11

Bethesda Church

June 12

Long Bridge

June 15

St. Mary's Church

June 18

Cold Harbor

June 20-30

Wilson's raid on south side and Danville R. R.

The regiment marched 300 miles in 10 days, destroying 60 miles of track, fighting four battles and many skirmishes, and stopping nowhere more than four hours.

June 23

Black and White Station and Nottaway C. H.

June 25

Staunton Bridge or Roanoke Station

June 28-29

Sappony Church or Stony Creek

June 29

Ream's Station

Captain Edward Whitaker of Company E earned the Medal of Honor carrying dispatches for General Meade through an enemy division, losing half his escort of a single troop of cavalry


Siege of Petersburg

The regiment rested from the raid and was refitted, remounted, and entirely armed with Spencer carbines.

July 31

Private Charles Marsh of Company D earned the Medal of Honor for capturing a Confederat stand of colors at Back Creek Valley


Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign, assigned to Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division

August 17


September 13

Abraham's Creek

Septembe 14

Captain Rogers' suqadron surrounded and captured the 8th South Carolina Infantry including its colonel and colors.

September 19

Battle of Opequan, Winchester

September 20

Near Cedarville

September 21

Front Royal Pike

September 22


October 8-9

Tom's Brook, "Woodstock Races"

October 13

Cedar Creek

October 17

Cedar Run Church

Major Marcy and 30 men were captured in a surprise night attack

October 19

Battle of Cedar Creek

Commanded by Captain French, took part in Custer's charge on the right flank that helped destroy the Confederate army

November 12

Newtown, Cedar Creek

Commanded by Captain Rogers in a fight with Rosser's cavalry. Captain Rogers was wounded and 30 men were casualties.


Lieutenant Colonel Ives arrived to take command.

November 22

Rude's Hill, near Mt. Jackson

November 24

An enlisted man froze to death in his tent during the night

December 19-22

Raid to Lacy Springs

Commanded by Major Whitaker, the regiment marched 120 miles in four days, returning to camp with 50 men frost-bitten.

December 21

Lacy Springs


February 4-6

Expedition from Winchester to Moorefield, W. Va.

The raid captured Harry Gilmore.

February 27-
March 25

Sheridan's Raid

Commanded by Major Godwin, the regiment took part in a flank atack the broke the small Confederate army and captured over 1300 prisoners, 11 guns and 18 stands of colors.

March 2

Waynesboro and Occupation of Staunton

March 3


March 15


Lieutenant Clark was killed and 16 other men became casualties in a charge against Longstreet's skirmishers.

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

Colonel Ives rejoined the regiment, having been detached recruiting.

March 30-31

Dinwiddie C. H.

April 1

Five Forks

Captain Parmalee was killed in a dismounted attack that captured two guns. General Custer praised the First Connecticut Cavalry for "being the first to leap the enemy's breatsworks, sieze his cannon, and turn them on the retreating foe."

April 2

Fall of Petersburg

April 3

Namozine Church

April 6

Sailor's Creek

Captain Edwin M. Neville of Company C and Lieutenant Aaron Lanfare of Company B earned the Medal of Honor for capturing two stands of Confederate colors, Lanfare that of the 11th Florida Infantry Regiment

April 7

The regiment attacked Lee's wagons near Harper's Farm. Colonel Ives led one battalion in a charge against a battery that captured five guns and two stands of colors, while Major Moorhouse with another battalion attacked the head of the column. A mounted charge against Confederate breastworks was repulsed.

April 8

Appomattox Station

April 9

Appomattox C. H. Surrender of Lee and his army.

Lieutenant Colonel Whitaker, acting as General Custer's Chief of Staff, met with General Longstreet to arrange the negotiations for the cease fire. Then the regiment was detailed to escort General Grant to receive Lee's surrender.

April 23-29

Expedition to Danville


Moved to Washington, D.C.

May 23

Grand review


Provost duty at Washington assigned to Cavalry Division, Dept. of Washington

July 4

One battalion of the regiment was sent to Gettysburg for the laying of the cornestone of the Soldier's National Monument.

August 2

Mustered out. The regiment was granted the priviledge of returning home mounted, given to no other regiment.

August 18

Discharged at New Haven

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks