The Civil War in the East

19th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment

The 19th Indiana Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 194 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 116 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


A monument at Gettysburg honors the regiment.

monument to the 19th Indiana Regiment at Gettysburg


July 29

Organized at Indianapolis, Ind., and mustered in under Colonel Solomon Meredith and Lieutenant Colonel Robert A. Cameron.

August 2

Alois O. Bachman was promoted to major.

August 5

Left State for Washington, D.C.; Attached to 3rd Brigade, McDowell's Division, Army of the Potomac

September 11

Affair at Lewinsville, Va.

September 25

Reconnoissance to Lewinsville

September 28

Occupation of Falls Church


Duty at Fort Craig, Va.


February 3

Lieutenant Colonel Cameron transferred to becom the colonel of the 34th Indiana Infantry Regiment. Major Bachman was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Isaac M. May was promoted to major.


Attached to 1st Brigade, King's 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 10-16

Advance on Manassas, Va.

March 17 - April 9

Camp at Upton's Hill


Attached to 3rd Brigade, King's Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock

April 9-19

Advance on Falmouth, Va.

April 20 - May 25

Duty at Falmouth and Fredericksburg

May 25-29

McDowell's advance on Richmond


Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army of Virginia

June 1-21

Operations against Jackson

June 22 -
August 5

At Warrenton

July 24-27

Reconnaissance to Orange Court House

August 5-8

Reconnaissance to Frederick's Hall Station and Spottsylvania Court House

August 5-6

Thornburg's Mills

August 16 -
September 2

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 21-23

Fords of the Rappahannock

August 26

Sulphur Springs

August 28

Battle of Gainesville (Brawner's Farm)

Lieutenant Colonel May was killed.

August 29


August 30

Second Battle of Bull Run


Attached to 4th Brigade (Iron Brigade), 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

September 6-22

Maryland Campaign

September 14

Battle of South Mountain
The regiment suffered 53 casualties.

September 16-17

Battle of Antietam

The brigade was the spearhead of Hooker's early morning attack down the Hagerstown Pike.


Lieutenant Colonel Alois O. Bachman (23 years old) commanded the regiment until he was mortally wounded, leaving command to 19 year old Captain William W. Dudley. The regiment lost 12 men killed and 59 wounded.


From the marker for Gibbon's Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:


On the morning of the 17th, with its right on the Hagerstown Pike, Gibbon's Brigade, which three days before had earned the title of the "Iron Brigade", advanced in the direction of the Dunkard Church. When 135 yards north of this point Confederates, deployed under cover of the ledge and woods west of the pike attacked the flank, upon which the 19th Indiana and 7th Wisconsin were deployed on the plateau and in the woods west of the pike and the 2nd and 6th Wisconsin in the infamous Cornfield east of it. Battery B, 4th U. S. Artillery, went into position west of the pike and a few yards south of Miller's barn. Supported by Patrick's Brigade and the Battery on the right and Phelps' Brigade on the left, Gibbon's Brigade advanced to and south of this point but was forced back. Charge and countercharge of the most deadly character were made across the open plateau west of and in the Cornfield and ground south of it, east of the pike, and the Iron Brigade was compelled to retire to the field north of D. R. Miller's and then to the cover of the high ground north and east of Joseph Poffenberger's.

September 18

At Sharpsburg

Captain Samuel J. Williams of Company K was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain William W. Dudley of Company B was promoted to major.

October 6

Colonel Meredith was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the brigade. Lieutenant Colonel Samuel J. Williams was promoted to colonel and Major Dudley was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

October 30 -
November 19

Movement to Warrenton, then to the Rappahannock

December 12 -15

Battle of Fredericksburg


January 20-24

Burnside's 2nd Campaign ("Mud March")

January - April

Duty at Falmouth

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29 - May 2

Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek

April 29-30

Fitzhugh's Crossing

May 1

Captain John M. Lindley of Company F was promoted to major.

May 2-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

May 20-26

Expedition to Westmoreland County and operations on Northern Neck

June, 1863

Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps

June 11 - July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Colonel Samuel J. Williams. It brought 339 men to the field, and lost 27 killed, 133 wounded and 50 missing. Lieutenant Colonel Dudley lost a leg, and would not return to the regiment.


From the monument:

"19 Indiana Vols. July 1, 1863. Col. S. J. Williams, Lt. Col. W. W. Dudley wounded, Maj. J. M. Lindley, Adj. J. E. Finney missing, Sergt. Maj. A. Blanchard killed, Co. A, Capt. Makepeace missing, Lieut. Gissel wounded, Co. B, Lieut. Schlagle, Lt. Jones killed, Co. C. Capt. Ives wounded, Lieut. Macy, Lieut. Potts, Co. D. Capt. Holloway, Lt. Yeatman, Co. E, Capt. Green missing, Lieut. Branson wounded, Co. F. Capt. Nash, Lieut. Richardson captured, Co. G, Capt. Shafer wounded, Lieut Baxter, Lieut. Waldschmidt, Co. H. Capt. Hart missing, Lieut. Scarbrough wounded, Lieut. Wilson, Co. I, Lt. Patrick, Lt. Johnson, Co. K, Capt. Orr, Lt. Campbell, Lt. East killed. Strength, officers and men 288, killed, wounded & missing 210."

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap

August 1 to October

At Rappahannock Station and Culpeper

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 26 - December 2

Mine Run Campaign


February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan


Attached to 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps

April 9

Lieutenant Colonel Dudley resigned after a second operation on his amputated leg. Major Lindley was promoted to lieutenant colonel.

May 4 - June 15

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

Colonel Williams was killed on May 6.

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 8-21

Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 23

Jericho Ford

May 26-29

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31


June 1-12

Battle of Cold Harbor

June 1-3

Bethesda Church

June 12

Bottom's Bridge

June 16-18

Before Petersburg

June 16

Siege of Petersburg begins


Attached to 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps

August 4

Captain William Orr of Company K was promoted to major.

July 28

Non-Veterans mustered out

August 18-21

Weldon R. R.


Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps

September 23

The 107 veterans and recruits of the 7th Indiana Infantry Regiment were assigned to the 19th.

October 18

Consolidated into the 20th Indiana Infantry

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks