The Civil War in the East

39th New York Infantry Regiment "Garibaldi Guard"


The 39th New York lost 8 officers and 107 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 158 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.


The regiment is honored by a monument and marker at Gettysburg.

Monument to the 39th New York Infantry at Gettysburg


May 27

Organized and recruited at New York City by the Union Defense Committee of New York City under special authority of the War Department by Colonel Frederick George D'Utassy, Lt. Colonel Alexander Repetti. Three companies consisted of Hungarians, one of Swiss, one each of Italians of French, and one of Spanish and Portuguese.


The regiment was equipped with Garibaldi hats, a black felt hat with a round top and black plume. A forty man bugle corps took the place of the normal regimental band, and a number of vivandieres accompanied the regiment in to service.

May 28

Left State for Washington, D.C.

June 6

Mustered in (to date from May 28) Attached to Blenker's Brigade, Miles' Division, McDowell's Army of Northeast Virginia and Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.

July 8

50 members of company G mutiny due to numerous complaints and, under Captain Tabatz, march into Washington . They are surrounded by three companies of regular infantry and one of Regular cavalry and are confined in the Treasury Building. All issues are resolved, howver, and they are released.

July 16-21

Advance on Manassas, Va.

July 21

Battle of Bull Run


Attached to Blenker's Brigade, Division of the Potomac and duty in the Defenses of Washington


Attached to Blenker's Brigade, Hooker's Division, Army of the Potomac



Attached to Stahl's 1st Brigade, Blenker's Division, Army of the Potomac


Atached to 1st Brigade, Blenker's 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac


Attached to 1st Brigade, Blenker's Division, Mountain Department and Operations in the Shenandoah Valley

May 1

Captain Charles Schwarz of Company A promoted to major


Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Army Corps, Pope's Army of Virginia and duty near Strasburg

June 2

Strasburg and Woodstock

June 6

Near Harrisonburg

June 8

Battle of Cross Keys

June 19

Lt. Colonel Repetti discharged

July 15

Near Middletown


Attached to White's Brigade, Army of Virginia, Duty at Winchester, Va.

July 18

Major Schwarz promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Hugo Hillebrandt of Company G to major


Attached to Miles' Command, Harper's Ferry, W. Va.

September 12

Solomon's Gap

September 12-15

Defense of Harper's Ferry. Regiment under the command of Major Hildebrandt, with Colonel D'Utassy in temporary brigade command.

September 12-13

Maryland Heights
Two companies of the regiment recover two cannon and ammunition during the withdrawl from the heights.

September 14

Bolivar Heights

Seven men were wounded

September 15

Surrendered with garrison. The regiment's colors were concealed around the body of a sergeant and were saved.

September 16

530 men paroled and sent to Annapolis, Md., then to Camp Douglas, Chicago, Ill.

November 22


November 22-25

Moved to Washington, D.C.


Attached to Casey's Division, Defenses of Washington, D.C. and duty at Arlington Heights and Centreville, Va., Defenses of Washington



Attached to 3rd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington


Consolidated into four companies, A-D.

May 29

Colonel D'Utassy was dismissed for a variety of charges and eventually imprisoned.

May 31

Lt. Colonel Schwarz was discharged

June 25

Ordered to join Army of the Potomac in the field and joined 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

July 1-4

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Major Hugo Hillebrandt, who was wounded on July 3. It captured three battle flags, and the regiment was commended for its valor.


From the monument:

"The regiment at about 7 o'clock p.m. July 2, 1863 being ordered to support General Sickles' line, charged and drove the enemy recapturing the guns and equipment of Battery I, 5th U.S. Artillery. A stone tablet marks the place where this incident occurs."


"Casualties: killed 15, wounded 80, total 85."


"This regiment (composed of 4 companies) held this position July 2d and 3d 1863."


From the stone tablet: "On this spot July 2 1863 the 39th N.Y. Infantry re-captured the guns and equipment of Battery I, 5th U.S. Artillery."

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee


On line of the Rappahannock

September 13-17

Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

October 14

Auburn and Bristoe

October 15

Mitchell's Ford

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 14

Major Augustus Funk of the 38th New York is appointed colonel of the 39th

November 26

Mine Run Campaign

December 8

Company E organized in the field from recruits

December 10

Major Hillebrandt discharged due to his Gettysburg wound

December 14

Company F organized in the field from recruits

December 19

Company G organized in the field from recruits

December 30

Company H organized in the field from recruits



Companies I and K organized in the field from recruits

January 8

James G. Hughs commissioned lieutenant colonel

January 16

Captain Charles Baker of the 159th New York was commissioned major in the 39th

February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan, Morton's Ford

Regiment lost about 20 wounded fording the waist-deep river under fire and attacking a line of rifle pits


At Stevensburg, Va.


Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps

May 3

Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

Colonel Funk and Lieutenant Colonel Hughes are wounded

May 8-12

Battle of Spottsylvania

May 10

Battle of Po River

May 12-21

Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

May 12

Assault on the Salient or "Bloody Angle"

May 18

Major Baker wounded and was discharged for disability on May 30

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31


June 1-12

Cold Harbor; attached to Consolidated Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps

June 16-18

Before Petersburg

June 16

Siege of Petersburg

June 22-23

Jerusalem Plank Road

June 24

Companies A-D mustered out in New York City under the command of Captain Rasmussen; remaining seven companies of regiment known as the 39th Battalion under Colonel Funk

July 27-29

Demonstration on north side of the James

July 27-28

Deep Bottom

August 13-20

Demonstration north of the James

August 14-18

Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

August 25

Ream's Station


New Company D joins regiment, being enlisted for one year

October 27-28

Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run


Attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps

December 9-10

Reconnaissance to Hatcher's Run


January 23

Lieutenant Colonel Hughes discharged for disability due to his wound

January 27

Captain John McEwan Hyde promoted to lieutenant colonel

February 5-7

Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run

March 25

Watkins' House

March 28

Appomattox Campaign

March 30-31

Hatcher's Run or Boydton and White Oak Roads

April 2

Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg

April 6

Sailor's Creek

April 7

High Bridge and Farmville

April 9

Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.


At Burkesville

May 2-12

Moved to Washington, D.C.

May 15

Lt. Colonel Hyde discharged for disability

May 23

Grand Review

June 7

Company D mustered out at Alexandria, Virgina

July 1

Mustered out under Colonel Augustus Funk. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 185th N.Y. Infantry.

About the Author • ©2015 Steve Hawks