The Civil War in the East

73rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment

 

The 73rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 98 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 113 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

 

It is honored by a monument on Cemetery Hill at Gettysburg.

1861

September 19

Organized at Philadelphia under Colonel John A. Koltes, Lieutenant Colonel G. A. Muehleck and Major William Moore.

September 24

Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Steinwehr's Brigade, Blenker's Division, Army of the Potomac for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.

Mid-October

Moved to area around Hunter's Chapel, then to Rose Hill.

October 25

Former Pennsylvania Governor Pollock presents a set of colors from the ladies of Philadelphia

November

On picket duty at annandale, with headquarters at Fitzhugh's Farm.

1862

January 15

The regiment was rearmed with Austrian rifles

March 3

350 men of the disbanded 66th Pennsylvania transferred to the regiment.

March

Atached to 2nd Brigade, Blenker's Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

March 10-15

Advance on Manassas, Va.

March-Apri

Near Catlett's Station, Va.

April 6-May 11

Moved to Petersburg, W. Va. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Blenker's Division, Dept. of the Mountains

May

Operations in the Shenandoah Valley

June

Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 1st Corps, Army of Virginia

June 8

Battle of Cross Keys

June-July

Duty in the Shenandoah Valley and at Sperryville

July 22

Occupation of Luray

August 9

Battle of Cedar Mountain (Reserve)

August 16-
September 2

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia

August 21-23

Fords of the Rappahannock

August 24

Sulphur Springs

August 28

Gainesville

August 30

Second Battle of Bull Run

The regiment lost 216 men killed and wounded, over half its strength. Colonel Koltes, commanding the brigade, and Captain Augustus Brueckner, commanding the regiment, were killed. Captains Charles Cresson and Lewis Talter were wounded.

 

Lt. Colonel Muehleck promoted to colonel.

September

Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C.

November 1-19

Movement to Centreville

November 22

Major Moore promoted to lieutenant colonel.

December 9-16

To Fredericksburg

1863

January 1

Captain Michael Strong promoted to major

January 20-24

"Mud March"

January 27

Colonel Muehleck resigns. Lieutenant Colonel Moore promoted to colonel and Major Strong to lieutenant colonel, but not mustered. Captain David A. Schultz of Company B promoted to major.

February-April

At Stafford C. H.

April 14-15

Operations at Welford's, Kelly's and Beverly Fords

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

Captain Henry J. Giltinan and 12 enlisted men were killed, Captain Jacob Leibfried mortally wounded and Colonel Moore, Lieutenant Colonel Strong and Captains Charles Cresson and David Shultz and Lieutenant Henry Hess and 48 enlisted men were wounded, and 39 men missing.

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Captain Daniel F. Kelly.

 

From the monument:

 

"July 1st. The Regiment arrived on Cemetery Hill at 2 p.m. and at a later hour moved into the town near the square to cover the retreat of the Corps."

 

"July 2nd. In the morning took position in the Cemetery. At dusk moved hastily to this position and in a severe contest assisted in repulsing a desperate assault on these batteries."

 

"July 3rd. Returned to its former position in the Cemetery and assisted in repulsing the enemy's final assault."

 

"Present at Gettysburg 14 officers 318 men. Killed 7 men wounded 27 men."

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee

August-September

Guard duty along Orange & Alexandria Railroad. Colonel Moore receovered from his wound enough to resume command.

September 24-October 3

Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. attached to the Army of the Cumberland

October 19-26

Operations in Lookout Valley

October 26-29

Reopening Tennessee River

October 28-29

Battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn.

November 23-27

Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign

November 23

Battle of Orchard Knob

November 24-25

Battle of Tunnel Hill

Captains Christian Goebell, Henry Hess and Frederick Schaeffer and Lieutenant George Wilde are wounded. Much of the the regiment = 8 officers and 89 enlisted men - were captured, including Captain John Kennedy and Lieutenants John McGovern, Andrew McNiece and Frederick MooreOnly around 25 men escaped. Captain Kennedy tore the colors from the staff and concealed them about his person until his release from Libby Prison.

Decembe 16

Lieutenant Colonel Strong discharged

December-May

Duty in Lookout Valley

1864

January 1

Captain Charles Cresson of Company E promoted to major and leads the survivors of the regiment on furlough to Philadelphia, where they gathered a number of recruits.

February 8

Colonel Moore resigns due to his wound from Chancellorsville

April

Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps

May 1-
September 8

Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign

May 8-11

Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge

May 8

Dug Gap or Mill Creek

May 14-15

Battle of Resaca

May 19

Near Cassville

May 25

New Hope Church

May 26-June 5

Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills

June 10-July 2

Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain

June 11-14

Pine Hill

June 15-17

Lost Mountain

June 15

Gilgal or Golgotha Church

Captain Henry Hess mortally wounded, Major Cresson, Captain B.D. Miller and Lieutenant A. Harfinger wounded

June 17

Muddy Creek

June 19

Noyes Creek

June 22

Kolb's Farm

June 27

Assault on Kenesaw

July 4

Ruff's Station or Smyrna Camp Ground

July 5-17

Chattahoochie River

July 19-20

Peach Tree Creek

July 22-
August 25

Siege of Atlanta

August 26-
September 2

Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge

September 2-November 15

Occupation of Atlanta

October 26-29

Expedition to Tuckum's Cross Roads

November 9

Near Atlanta

November 15-December 10

March to the sea

December 10-21

Siege of Savannah

December 24

Major Cresson promoted to lieutenant colonel

1865

January to April

Campaign of the Carolinas

March 16

Averysboro, N. C.

March 19-21

Battle of Bentonville

March 24

Occupation of Goldsboro

April 9-13

Advance on Raleigh

April 14

Occupation of Raleigh

April 21

Captain Christian Goebel of Company D promoted to major

April 26

Bennett's House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.

April 29-May 20

March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.

May 1

Lieutenant Colonel Creson promoted to colonel, but not mustered

May 24

Grand Review

June-July

Duty in the Defenses of Washington

July 14

Mustered out under Colonel Cresson, Major Goebel




 
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