The Civil War in the East

143rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment

 

The 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 143 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 150 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

 

It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Monument to the 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment at Gettysburg

1862

October 18

Organized at Wilkes-Barre

November 7

Left State for Washington, D.C. and duty in the Washington Defenses attached to 1st Brigade, Defenses of Washington, north of the Potomac

1863

January 17

Ordered to Join 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac in the field

January - April

Duty at Belle Plains, Va.

April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

April 29-May 2

Operations at Pollock's Mill Creek

May 2-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June 11-July 24

Gettysburg Campaign

July 1-3

Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Edmund L. Dana, who took over the brigade during the fighting. Lieutenant Colonel John D. Musser then took command of the regiment.

 

The 143rd brought 515 men to the field, losing 21 killed, 141 wounded and 91 missing.

 

From the monument:

"This monument marks right of first position July 1, 1863, facing north and second position facing west, which the Regiment held from 11:30 a.m. until First Corps fell back. Last position on Seminary Ridge right resting on railroad cut."

 

"July 2 and 3. Regiment was in line on left centre and on the 3rd assisted in repulsing the final charge of the enemy."

 

The monument shows Sergeant Ben Crippen shaking his fist at advancing Confederates. Crippen was killed bearing the flag, and his body not recovered during the retreat through the town on July 1st. He is assumed to be one of the "unknowns" in the National Cemetery.

July 5-24

Pursuit of Lee

August - October

Duty at Bealeton Station

October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

October 19

Haymarket

November 7-8

Advance to line of the Rappahannock

November 7

Warrenton

November 22-December 5

Guard at Manassas Junction

December

Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps

1864

February 6-7

Demonstration on the Rapidan

February-May

Duty near Culpeper

March

Attached to 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps

May 4-June 12

Rapidan Campaign

May 5-7

Battles of the Wilderness

May 8

Laurel Hill

May 8-12

Spottsylvania

May 12-21

Spottsylvania Court House

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 25

Jericho Ford

May 26-28

On line of the Pamunkey

May 28-31

Totopotomoy

June 1-12

Cold Harbor

June 1-3

Bethesda Church

June

Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps

June 16-18

Before Petersburg

June 16

Siege of Petersburg

July 30

Mine Explosion (Reserve)

August 18-21

Weldon Railroad

September

Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps

October 27-28

Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run

December 7-12

Warren's Raid to Weldon Railroad

1865

February 5-7

Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run

February 10

Ordered to Hart's Island, New York Harbor, Dept. of the East. Assigned to duty guarding prison camp and escorting recruits and convalescents to the front

June 12

Mustered out




 
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