Confederate Regiments & Batteries * Louisiana


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1861
May 26 Mustered into Confederate service at New Orleans for the duration of the war under the command of Captain Benjamin Eschleman. The battery was moved via the New Orleans, Jackson, and Great Northern Railroad to Virginia.
June 4 Arrived in Virginia
July 21
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

Commanded by Captain Benjamin Eschleman unril he was wounded, when Lieutenant Charles W. Squires took command. Assigned to Early’s Sixth Brigade.

1862
Battle of Mechanicsville
August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was commanded at Sharpsburg by Captain Benjamin Eschleman. It was equipped with two 6 pounder guns and two 12 pounder howitzers.

Two War Department markers for the Washington Artillery are on the Antietam battlefield next to the National Cemetery along Boonsboro Pike.

From the first marker at Antietam:

September 15-16, 1862

The Washington Artillery crossed the Antietam about 9 a.m. of the 15th and took position on the high ground overlooking the creek to the east and south of Sharpsburg. The left wing, composed of the 1st and 3rd Companies, rested on the Boonsboro Pike, on ground now occupied by the National Cemetery; the right, composed of the 2nd and 4th Companies, was posted on the bluffs commanding th approaches to the Burnside Bridge. During the afternoon of the 15th and the morning of the 16th it became engaged with the enemy’s heavy batteries on the opposite side of Antietam Creek.

From the second marker at Antietam:

September 17, 1862

During the forenoon the Washington Artillery was engaged with the enemy’s heavy Batteries on the opposite side of Antietam Creek. At 9:15 the 3d Company, Miller, was sent to Piper’s Orchard and engaged the enemy in the Bloody Lane. At noon the 4th Company, Eshleman, was moved farther to the right to guard the fords below the Burnside Bridge. At 1 P.M., the 2d Company, Richardson, having a gun disabled, was withdrawn to Sharpsburg from the high ground commanding the Burnside Bridge. Between 2 and 3 P.M., upon the advance of the enemy, the 1st Company, Squires, was withdrawn from the Cemetery position, and, joined by the 2d Company which was in the town and by the 3d Company which had returned from the Bloody Lane, moved to the Harpers Ferry Road to assist Toombs’ Brigade in checking the advance of the Ninth Corps.

The Washington Artillery was assigned to the 1st Corps Artillery Reserve
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The battery was commanded by Captain Benjamin F. Eshleman.

1863
March 26 Captain Benjamin Eschleman was promoted to major and took command of the battalion. Captain Joseph Norcom took command of the battery.
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The battery was commanded by Captain Joseph Norcom.

July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded by Captain Joseph Norcom, who was wounded on July 3. It was equipped with two Napoleons and one 12-pounder Howitzer.

From the War Department marker on the Gettysburg battlefield along West Confederate Avenue:

July 3. The Napoleons advanced before daylight into position 150 yards north of Peach Orchard near the Emmitsburg Road but their fire in the forenoon was desultory. Took active part in the cannonade preceding Longstreet’s assault and one of the guns supported the infantry attack by pushing forward 450 yards and keeping up a vigorous fire. After the assault was repulsed the Napoleons were moved several hundred yards to the left but soon disabled and sent to the rear. The Howitzer was brought forward and did effective service until withdrawn after dark.

July 4. At 9 A. M. marched with the Battalion to Cashtown to reinforce the cavalry guarding the wagon train.

1864
May Assigned to Pickett’s division https://ehistory.osu.edu/books/official-records/107/0222
Assigned to Third Corps Artillery
May 31- June 12
Battle of Cold Harbor

The battery was commanded by Captain Joseph Norcom.

1865
April 2
Final Assault on Petersburg
April 8
Appomattox Station

Most of the battery was captured with Walker’s artillery column.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

Thirteen men from the battery surrendered with Lee’s army.