Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Tennessee


1861
May Organized at Camp Trousdale in Sumner Cunty, Tennessee under Colonel Robert Hatton, Lieutenant Colonel John F. Goodner and Major John Howard.
July Mustered into Confederate Service
July 15 – 25 Moved to Staunton, Virginia by train
Joined with Manley’s 1st Tennessee and the 14th Tennessee to form the Tennessee Brigade under Brigadier General Samuel R. Anderson
At Big Springs, Virginia
September 12-15 Lee’s Cheat Mountain Campaign
Ordered to to Raleigh Courthouse, then to join General Thomas Jackson at Winchester. Shumaker’s battery joined the brigade
1862
January 4 Jackson’s expedition to Bath
February 9 Maney’s 1st Tennessee ordered to return to Tennessee
February 24 Ordered to Manasas; the regiment, along with the 14th Tennessee and the 3rd Arkansas was placed under Major General Theophilus Holmes.
March 8 Turney’s 1st Tennessee Infantry Regiment (Provisional Army) joined the brigade at Evansport (now Quantico), Viginia
May 23 Colonel Hatton was promoted to brigadier general and took command of the brigade. Lt. Colonel John F. Goodner was elected colonel, Major John K. Howard lieutenant colonel and Captain John A. Fite of Company A was elected major.
May 31
Battle of Seven Pines

General Hatton was killed and General James Archer took command of the brigade.

June Archer’s Brigade was assigned to A.P. Hill’s Division. It included the 5th Alabama Battalion, a Georgia regiment, and Braxton’s Battery.
June 26 – 27
Battles of Mechanicsville and Gaines’ Mills

The regiment lost 72 casualties. Lt. Colonel Howard was mortally wounded and Major Fite and Captain William Williamson were wounded.

July 9 Lt. Colonel Howard died of his Mechanicsville wound. Major Fite was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Samuel G. Shepard of Company G to major
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

The regiment lost 34 men. Lieutenant Colonel Fite was wounded.

August 26 Manassas Junction
August 28
Second Battle of Manassas

The regiment was commanded by Major Shepard and lost 26 casualties;

September 6 Crossed the Potomac
September 7 Went into bivouac near Frederick, Maryland.
September 11-14 Marched to Williamsport, crossed the Potomac into Virginia, then continued to Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry.
September 14 – 15 Siege of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Commanded by Adjutant George A. Howard, the regiment lost 30 casualties out of less than 100 effectives

September 19-20 Shepherdstown
Rest at Berryville, Virginia
Ordered to join General Longstreet at Fredericksburg; it did so after a ten-day march
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 38 casualties. The regiment broke and ran in the face of an overwhelming Federal attack after running out of ammunition, but a desperate counterattack by General Archer leading the 5th Alabama Battalion rescued the situation

December Went into winter quarters
1863
April 8 Colonel Goodner resigned due to ill health. Lt. Colonel Fite was promoted to colonel, Major Samuel G. Shepard to lieutenant colonel and Captain William H. Williamson of Company H to major.
May The 13th Alabama was added to the brigade.
May 3
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John A. Fite. It participated in the charge which captured the Chancellor House, losing 11 killed and 45 wounded. Colonel Fite was wounded.

June 1 Assigned to Archer’s Brigade of Heth’s Division in the newly-created Third Corps under A.P. Hill.
July 1 – 3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment took part in the heavy fighting on July 1st as well as Pickett’s Charge on July 3. The 7th Tennessee made it to the stone wall north of The Angle but was unable to hold its position. It lost 24 killed, 38 wounded and 54 missing of 249 engaged. Colonel Fite and Major Williamson were captured. Colonel Fite would remain a prisoner for the rest of the war.

1864
The brigade was consolidated with that of Brigadier General H. H. Walker.
May 5 – 7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 12-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse

Colonel Fry took over brigade when General Walker was wounded.

June 3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 7 Siege of Petersburg
2nd Maryland Battalion added to Brigade
August 19 Genral Archer returned from captivity to command the brigade, but his health, never good, was shattered from prison and he died on October 24.
October 31 Colonel Robert Mayo took command of the brigade, followed by Colonel William McComb of the 14th Tennessee
1865
February 3 A deserter reported the 7th Tennessee had “not more than 60 men left” in the regiment.
February 16 Major Williamson was paroled.
April
Appomattox Court House

The 7th Tennessee surrendered 6 officers and 41 men under Lt. Colonel Samuel G. Shepard. The regiment was part of McComb’s Brigade of Heth’s Division of the Third Corps, consisiting of the 2nd Maryland Battalion, 1st, 7th, 14th, 23rd, 25th, 44th and 63rd Tennessee Infantry Regiments.