Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
May 8 Organized at Lynchburg under the command of Colonel Samuel Garland, Lieutenant Colonel David Funston and Major Carter H. Harrison.
May 14 Companies A, B, D & G arrived at Manassas Junction.
June Assigned to picket and guard duty at Weir House, General Beauregard’s headquarters.
June 20 Attached to the Fourth Brigade under Colonel G.H. Terrett.
July 1 Mustered into Confederate service.
July 18
Blackburn’s Ford

Major Harrison was killed. Captain J.E. Blankensip of Company E broke and ran under fire and First Lieutenant C.V. Whitney took over the company.

July 21
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
July 23 To Manassas Junction.
July 25 Moved to Centreville.
August 10 To Fairfax Court House.
August 21 Captain Maurice S. Langhorne of Company A was promoted to major.
August 25 Captain Blankensip resigned due to ill health.
December 20
Battle of Dranesville

The regiment lost 6 men killed and 15 wounded.

1862
March Moved to Yorktown.
April The regiment reported 750 men in the ranks.
April 26 The regiment reorganized.
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg

The regiment suffered 134 casualties. Colonel Garland was wounded.

May 23 Colonel Garland was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Funsten was promoted to colonel. Major Langhorne was promoted to lieutenant colonel. Captain Adam Clement was promoted to major but was never confirmed, and Captain Kirkwood Otey of Company G was promoted to major effective to this date.
May 25 Brigadier General A.P. Hill was promoted to division command, and the brigade was taken over by Colonel James Kemper.
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines

Colonel Funsten was severly wounded in the foot and Lieutenant Colonel Langhorne was badly wounded.

June 30
Battle of Frayser’s Farm, or Glendale

The regiment suffered 100 casualties.

August The brigade was under the temporary command of Colonel Montgomery Corse while Brigadier General Kemper took command of a temporary division.
August 30
2nd Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment took part in Longstreet’s attack on the Union flank at Chinn Ridge. It suffered 63 casualties.

September Brigadier General Kemper resumed command of the brigade, which became part of the division of Brigadier General David R. Jones in Longstreet’s Command
September 14
Battle of Boonsborough (South Mountain)

The regiment was commanded by Major Adam Clement. Major Clement was wounded, never fully recovering. Captain Robert M. Mitchell took command of the regiment

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg

Commanded by Captain Robert M. Mitchell.

From the War Department marker for Kemper’s Brigade on the Antietam Battlefield:

Kemper’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg about noon September 15th and took position on Cemetery Hill. In the afternoon the Brigade moved to the ravine about 520 yards northwest of this. At noon of the 17th, the 7th and 24th Regiments were sent down the Harpers Ferry Road about 520 and 850 yards respectively, to guard the right flank. Upon the approach of the 9th Corps, about 3 P.M. the 1st, 11th and 17th Regiments advanced to the high ground in their front and met the charge of Fairchild’s Brigade; they were driven from their position and retreated through the town. They reformed with Garnett’s and Drayton’s Brigades in the Harpers Ferry Road just south of the town and, co-operated with Toombs’ Brigade, and A.P. Hill’s Division, checked the further advance of the enemy and reoccupied the ground from which they had been driven, where, joined by the 7th and 24th, they remained until the morning of the 19th, when the Brigade recrossed the Potomac.

November Assigned to Kemper’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, First Army Corps
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
April-May Suffolk Expedition
June 1 Assigned to Heth’s Brigade of Heth’s Division in the newly-created Third Corps under A.P. Hill.
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Major Kirkwood Otey and brought 359 men to the field. It took part in Pickett’s charge on the right flank of the attacking column, taking heavy casualties from the flanking fire of the Vermont Brigade. The regiment lost 34 men killed, 86 wounded, and 26 missing.

Casualties were high among the officers. Lt. Colonel Otey was wounded, and Captain Robert Douthat took over command of the regiment. Lieutenant James Connelly was killed and Captain David Houston mortally wounded. Captains Robert Mitchell, Thomas Horton, James Ragan and John H. Smith and Lieutenants Washington Elliott and Clerence Haden were wounded. Captains James R. Hutter and Andrew Jones and Lieutenants Thomas Houston and Green Long were wounded and captured. Captain John Ward was captured.

From the marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 2. Arrived about sunset and bivouacked on the western border of Spangler’s Woods.

July 3. In the forenoon formed line in the field east of the woods with right flank near Spangler’s Barn. At the close of the cannonade advanced and took part in Longstreet’s assault upon the Union position in the vicinity of the Angle. Exposed to a severe fire of artillery and vigorously assailed beyond the Emmitsburg Road by infantry on the right flank with ranks thinned and much disorganized by its losses especially of officers it pressed on against the Union line at the stone wall where after a fierce encounter the struggle ended. Gen. J. L. Kemper fell wounded in front of the stone wall.

July 4. Spent the day in reorganization and during the night began the march to Hagerstown.

July Escorted prisoners back to Virginia
September 24 Colonel Funsten resigned due to complications from his wound from Seven Pines. Lieutenant Colonel Langhorne was promoted to colonel, Major Otey was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain James R. Hutter was promoted to major, although still a prisoner.
September Detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and assigned to the Department of Richmond
1864
early 1864 Major Hutter was exchanged and returned to the regiment.
May Assigned to Kemper’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 16
Battle of Drewry’s Bluff

Lieutenant Colonel Otey was wounded.

May 23-26 North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Petersburg Siege
October 12 Major Clement resigned due to the effects of his wound from Sharpsburg to become Campbell County Sheriff.
December 20 Colonel Langhorne retired, and Lieutenant Colonel Otey was promoted to colonel.
1865
March 31
Dinwiddie Court House
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek
Aprl 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 1 officer and 28 men.