|May||Organized at Norfolk by expanding the 4th Virginia Volunteer Battalion. Commanded by Colonel David A. Weisiger.|
|Assigned to the Department of Norfolk|
|May 9||Evacuated Norfolk and marched to Petersburg. The Norfolk garrison was attached to the Army of Northern Virginia as Huger’s Division.|
|June||The regiment is recorded as fielding 691 effectives.|
Battle of Malvern Hill
|July 14||Major General Richard Anderson took over Huger’s Division.|
Commanded by Captain John Richard Llewellyn until he was wounded. Captain Richard Watson Jones then took command of the regiment.
Commanded by Captain Everard M. Field until he was wounded. Captain Richard Watson Jones then took command of the regiment.
|October 3||Captain John Richard Llewellyn was promoted to major|
Battle of Fredericksburg
|December 15||Encamped at Salem Church|
|January||Ordered to the fords of the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers.|
|April 28||Ordered to fall back as Hooker crossed the Rappahannock. Placed in line of battle at Zoan Church on the Plank Road.|
The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Everard M. Field.
|May 30||The regiment, along with the rest of Anderson’s Division, was transferred to the newly-formed Third Army Corps under Lieutenant General A. P. Hill|
Battle of Gettysburg
Mahone’s Brigade had the lowest casualty rate of any Confederate brigade at Gettysburg. It had been positioned to join Longstreet’s attack on the afternoon of July 2 but Mahone refused requests for support by Wright and Posey, claiming he had other orders. It was intended to support Early’s evening attack on Cemetery Hill but the attack failed before Mahone could join. And although fresh and unblooded the brigade was overlooked for Pickett’s charge on July 3 while far more seriously damaged brigades were included.
From the War Department marker for Mahone’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:
July 2. Arrived and took position here in the forenoon under orders to support the artillery. A strong skirmish line was sent out which was constantly engaged and did effective service.
July 3. Remained here in support of the artillery. Took no active part in the battle except by skirmishers.
July 4. In line here all day. At dark began the march to Hagerstown.
|January||Major Llewellyn rejoined the regiment after recovering from his South Mountain wound.|
|June 18||The regiment reached Petersburg and spent two days near Battery 33 on the Dimmock Line.|
|June 22-23||Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road|
|June 24||In trenches near the Wilcox farm south of Petersburg|
There is a monument to Mahone’s Brigade at the Crater on the Petersburg National Battlefield.
|August 1||Assigned to Weisinger’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, Third Corps, Army of the Potomac|
Battle of Globe Tavern
Battle of Ream’s Station
Battle of Boyden Plank Road
The regiment attacked near Dabney’s Stream Saw Mill.
|February||Major Llewellyn was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He would spend the last two months of the war in the hospital.|
|April||Retreat from Petersburg|
Appomattox Court House
The 16th Virginia surrendered 10 officers and 114 enlisted men.