Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
May Organized at Norfolk by expanding the 4th Virginia Volunteer Battalion. Commanded by Colonel David A. Weisiger.
 Assigned to the Department of Norfolk
1862
May 9 Evacuated Norfolk and marched to Petersburg. The Norfolk garrison was attached to the Army of Northern Virginia as Huger’s Division.
June The regiment is recorded as fielding 691 effectives.
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill
July 14 Major General Richard Anderson took over Huger’s Division.
September 17
Battle of Crampton’s Gap (South Mountain)

Commanded by Captain John Richard Llewellyn until he was wounded. Captain Richard Watson Jones then took command of the regiment.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Commanded by Captain Everard M. Field until he was wounded. Captain Richard Watson Jones then took command of the regiment.

October 3 Captain John Richard Llewellyn was promoted to major
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
December 15 Encamped at Salem Church
1863
January Ordered to the fords of the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers.
April 28 Ordered to fall back as Hooker crossed the Rappahannock. Placed in line of battle at Zoan Church on the Plank Road.
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Everard M. Field.

May 30 The regiment, along with the rest of Anderson’s Division, was transferred to the newly-formed Third Army Corps under Lieutenant General A. P. Hill
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Mahone’s Brigade had the lowest casualty rate of any Confederate brigade at Gettysburg. It had been positioned to join Longstreet’s attack on the afternoon of July 2 but Mahone refused requests for support by Wright and Posey, claiming he had other orders. It was intended to support Early’s evening attack on Cemetery Hill but the attack failed before Mahone could join. And although fresh and unblooded the brigade was overlooked for Pickett’s charge on July 3 while far more seriously damaged brigades were included.

From the War Department marker for Mahone’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 2. Arrived and took position here in the forenoon under orders to support the artillery. A strong skirmish line was sent out which was constantly engaged and did effective service.

July 3. Remained here in support of the artillery. Took no active part in the battle except by skirmishers.

July 4. In line here all day. At dark began the march to Hagerstown.

1864
January Major Llewellyn rejoined the regiment after recovering from his South Mountain wound.
May 5-6
Battle of the Wildrness
May 12-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
June 3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June 18 The regiment reached Petersburg and spent two days near Battery 33 on the Dimmock Line.
June 22-23 Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road
June 24 In trenches near the Wilcox farm south of Petersburg
July 30
Battle of The Crater

There is a monument to Mahone’s Brigade at the Crater on the Petersburg National Battlefield.

August 1 Assigned to Weisinger’s Brigade, Mahone’s Division, Third Corps, Army of the Potomac
August 18-21
Battle of Globe Tavern
August 25
Battle of Ream’s Station
October 27
Battle of Boyden Plank Road
December Warren’s Raid
1865
February 6
Battle of Hatcher’s Run

The regiment attacked near Dabney’s Stream Saw Mill.

February Major Llewellyn was promoted to lieutenant colonel. He would spend the last two months of the war in the hospital.
April Retreat from Petersburg
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 16th Virginia surrendered 10 officers and 114 enlisted men.