Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
May Organized from men from Amelia, Bedford, Chesterfield, Fluvanna, Halifax and Mecklenburg counties under Colonel James G. Hodges, Lieutenant Colonel David J. Godwin and Major William White.
June Training at Camp Lee outside Richmond by cadets of the Virginia Military Institute
July Work on Fort Allen near Jamestown
August The regiment burned the town of Hampton on orders of General Magruder to deny its use as a barracks to Union troops and negro laborers
October 14 Assigned to the brigade of Colonel Thomas P. August.
1862
Early 1862 Sent to defend the North Carolina coast.
March Left City Point by train for Suffolk.
April 2 Left Suffolk for North Carolina.
April The 9th, 14th, 38th, 53rd and 57th Virginia were brigaded together under Brigadier General Lewis Armistead.
April 29 The original Company G mustered out with the expiration of their one year enlistments. Company I of the 38th Virginia Infantry under Captain William W. Wood was transferred to the regiment as Company G.
May 6 Lieutenant Colonel Godwin was dropped in the army reorganization and Adjutant Moses F.T. Evans was elected lieutenant colonel.
May 12 Returned to Petersburg, Virginia.
May 29 Moved by train to Richmond.
June 1
Battle of Seven Pines

The regiment lost 47 casualties in its baptism of fire. Lieutenant Colonel Evans was wounded.

June 2 – 14 Picket duty
June 25 Battle of Oak Grove
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill

Captain Charles Bruce of Company K was mortally wounded and Lieutenant Colonel Evans was wounded for the second time.

August 26 Lieutenant Colonel Evans resigned due to his health. Major William White was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Robert H. Poore of Company C was promoted to major.
August 30
Second Battle of Manassas
September 13
Capture of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel James G. Hodges. Colonel Hodges took over the brigade when General Armistead was wounded.

From the War Department marker for Anderson’s Division on the Antietam battlefield:

Anderson’s Division comprising the Brigades of Cumming, Wright, Pryor, Mahone, Featherstone and Armistead crossed the Potomac at Blackford’s Ford about daybreak and between 8 and 10 A. M. arrived upon this part of the field. Armistead’s Brigade was sent to the support of McLaws in the Dunkard Church Woods and the other five Brigades were disposed in the Apple Orchard and on open ground either side of it, between this and Piper’s Lane. The Division advanced in support of a part of D.H. Hill’s Division, then heavily engaged and after a stubborn contest in which portions of the Division reached this point, it was repulsed with heavy loss and fell back to Piper’s Lane and the Hagerstown Pike.

September 19
Battle of Shepherdstown

The regiment covered the river bank at Pack Horse Ford. Colonel Hodges, commanding the brigade since Armistead was wounded at Sharpsburg, reported that the brigade consisted of no more than 50 to 60 men.

November 7 The regiment was transferred with the rest of Armistead’s Brigade to Pickett’s Division of Longstreet’s newly-created First Army Corps.
November 20 Moved to Fredericksburg
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

Commanded by Colonel James G. Hodges

December Winter quarters at Guiney Station
1863
February-April Suffolk Expedition
April 24
Skirmish at Edenton Road

Captains William D. Tompkins of Company B and Parke Poindexter of Company I were mortally wounded (Poindexter in eight places). Tompkins died on the 27th.

April 29 Left Suffolk for the Rappahannick
June 25 Crossed the Potomac at Williamsport, Maryland
June 27 At Chambersburg. Destroyed the Cumberland Valley Railroad around the town.
July 2 Marched from Chambersburg to Gettysburg, arriving late in the afternoon.
July 3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel James G. Hodges and brought 422 men to the field. It awoke at 3 a.m. and moved to Seminary Ridge. The regiment took part in Pickett’s Charge on July 3 as the support brigade on the right flank of the attack, breaking the Union line at The Angle before being thrown back with heavy casualties. Although casualty totals are incomplete, it lost 45 men killed and over 160 missing or captured.

Colonel Hodges was killed at the “High Water Mark.” Lt. Colonel White was wounded, but took over command of the regiment and temporary command of the brigade after General Armistead was mortally wounded. Officer casualties were catastrophic. Only two men of the rank of captain and above were not killed, wounded or captured.

Captains James Smith, Williamson Cogbill and Richard Logan, and Lieutenants Sydenham Adkins, John Perrin, Benjamin Smith and William Yancey were killed. Major Robert H. Poore and Lieutenant John Johnson were mortally wounded. Captains Alpheus Chappell, William Curtiss, James Sutpin, and Joseph Yancey were wounded. Lieutenants Gideon Chalkley, George Finch, Thomas Hatcher, John Lewis, Philip Seay and John Taylor were wounded and captured. Captain Archelaus Perkins and Lieutenants John Logan, Thomas Morris, and Alexander Turner were captured.

From the marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 2. Arrived about sunset and bivouacked on the western border of Spangler’s Woods.

July 3. In the forenoon formed line behind Kemper and Garnett east of the woods. When the cannonade ceased advanced to support Kemper’s and Garnett’s Brigades forming the right of Longstreet’s Corps. Its losses being less at first than those of the other brigades it passed the Emmitsburg Road in compact ranks and as the front line was going to pieces near the stone wall pushed forward and many of its men and some from other commands responding to the call and following Gen. L. A. Armistead sprang over the wall into the Angle and continued the desperate struggle until he fell mortally wounded beyond the stone wall.

July 4. Spent the day in reorganization and during the night began the march to Hagerstown.

July 3 Captain Parke Poindexter was promoted to lieutenant colonel due to seniority, but he had been wounded at Suffolk in April and would die of his wounds without returning to the regiment. Captain William W. Wood of Company G was promoted to major.
July 4-9 Escorted prisoners back to Virginia
September Detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and assigned to the Department of Richmond
October 28 Lt. Colonel White was promoted to colonel and Major Wood was promoted to lieutenant colonel..
1864
Spring 1864 To New Bern, North Carolina as part of the brigade of Brigadier General Seth Barton, then returned to Richmond area.
May To Bermuda Hundred
May 10
Battle of Chester Station

The successful attack of the brigade was halted by a Federal flank attack. The regiment lost 71 men, and General Barton was removed and replaced by Colonel Birkett D. Fry.

May 16
Battle of Drewery’s Bluff

The regiment lost Captain John P. Farrar of Company F, Lieutenant Hatcher of Company D, 18 other men killed and 66 wounded

May 19 Left Richmond for the Army of Northern Virginia near Spottsylvania
May 21-23 Rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia, assigned to Kemper’s-Terry’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps.
May 23-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June Returned to Petersburg and entered the defences there
August 8 Captain William D. Shelton was promoted to major
Fall Brigadier General George H. Steuart took command of the brigade
Winter Colonel William White was forced to resign due to effects of his wound from Gettysburg. Major William D. Shelton took command, having risen from a private in Company E.
1865
April 1
Battle of Five Forks

The regiment lost 146 men captured

April 6
Sailor’s Creek

Captain Sidney Scott of Company A was captured

Apri
Appomattox Court House

Eight officers and 49 men of the regiment surrendered, commanded by Major William D. Shelton. Company F was the largest suviving company, with 10 men.