Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
May 3 Mustered into Virginia service for one year under the command of Acting Colonel J.H. Drake. Formed from companies of independent horse in the field at Harpers Ferry. Virginia. It was made up of 12 companies of men from the counties of Amelia, Augusta, Berkeley, Clarke, Frederick, Gloucester, Jefferson, Loudoun, Rockbridge, Rockingham and Washington:

Company A, Newtown Light Dragoons: Captain J. H. Drake
Company B, Berkeley Troop: Captain J. B. Hoge
Company C, Rockbridge Dragoons No.1: Captain M. X. White, Jr.
Company D, Clarke Cavalry: Captain J. F. Hardesty
Company E, Valley Rangers: Captain W. Patrick
Company F, Shepherdstown Troop: Captain W. A. Morgan
Company G, Amelia Light Dragoons: Captain C. R. Irving
Company H, Loudoun Light Horse: Captain R. W. Carter
Company I , Harrisonburg Cavalry: Captain T. L. Yancey
Company K, Rockingham Cavalry or River Rangers: Captain E. S. Yancey
Company L, (1st) Washington Mounted Rifles: Captain William E. Jones
Company L, (2nd) Gloucester Light Dragoons: Captain J. W. Puller
Company M, Howard Dragoons: Captain G. R. Gaither, JR.
Company N, Natchez Cavalry or Adams Troop: Captain W. T. Martin
Company O, Sumter Mounted Guards: Captain W. M. Stone

July 1 Mustered into one year’s Confederate service
July 16 Lieutenant Colonel James E.B. Stuart, Provisional Army of Virginia, was appointed colonel of the 1st Virginia Cavalry.
July 21
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The 1st Virginia Cavalry’s charge helped shatter the Federal line. Captain Hardesty of company C resigned. H.M. Nelson was appointed captain but was not present for duty, so Lieutenant W. Taylor of Company D took temporary command of Company C for the battle.

August Major William E. Jones was promoted to colonel
September 24 Colonel Stuart was promoted to brigadier general.
September 29 Fitzhugh Lee was appointed lieutenant colonel
October 9 Company D was assigned to the 6th Virginia Cavalry.
Colonel Jones lost to Lieutenant Colonel Fitzhugh Lee in the election for colonel in the fall reorganization of the army. Lee was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 1st Virginia Cavalry and Jones became colonel of the 7th Virginia Cavalry.
1862
April The regiment totaled 437 men. Fitzhugh Lee was elected colonel, James H. Drake to lieutenant colonel and  and Captain Luke Tiernan Brien to major.
Seven Days Before Richmond
June 12-15
Stuart’s Ride Around McClellan
July 24 Colonel Lee was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Drake was promoted to Colonel, Major Brien to lieutenant colonel, and Captain Richard W. Carter of Company H was promoted to major.
July 28 The Cavalry Division of the Army of Northern Virginia was created under the command of Major General James E.B. Stuart. The 1st Virginia was assigned to the brigade of Brigadier General Fitzhugh Lee, along with the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 9th Virginia Cavalry and Breathed’s Battery of Horse Artillery.
September Colonel James H. Drake
September 17
Battle of Antietam

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Brien.

From the War Department marker for F. Lee’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

The 1st Cavalry, detached on the 10th, rejoined on the morning of the 17th and the Brigade took position on the left of Jackson’s Command, which it assisted in resisting the Union advance. On September 18th and 19th the Brigade covered the withdrawal of the Army of Northern Virginia to the south bank of the Potomac.

October Lt. Colonel Brien resigned, probably due to health reasons. Major Carter was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
December
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
March 17
Battle of Kelly’s Ford
April 30-May 6
Chancellorsville Campaign
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station 
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The 1st Virginia Cavalry was commanded by Colonel James Drake. It lost 25 men out of the 310 engaged

From the monument to F. Lee’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 3. The Battalion being on duty with Ewell’s Corps the Brigade brought only five regiments to this field where it arrived soon after midday and took position on the left of Hampton’s Brigade on the edge of the neighboring woods. It participated actively in the conflict which ensued.

July 15 Shepherdstown, West Virginia
July 16
Leetown, West Virginia

Colonel James Drake was killed. Major William A. Morgan was wounded, but remained with the regiment and took command. Morgan was promoted to lieutenant colonel effective the next day.

September 9 Stuart’s Cavalry Division was enlarged to a corps. Brigadier General Fitzhugh Lee was promoted to major general and given command of a division. Colonel Williams Wickham was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the brigade, which was assigned to Fitz Lee’s division.
November 26-December 2
Mine Run Campaign
December 17 Colonel Carter was captured at Upperville, near his home and well away from his regiment. He would spend the next eight months in Federal prison camps at Camp Chase, Ohio, Fort Delaware and Hilton Head.
1864
February 6-7 Operations on the Rapidan, Morton’s Ford
February 28 –
March 4
Kilpatrick-Dahlgren Raid, Defence of Richmond
March 1 Skirmishes at Hanover Junction and Ashland
March 3 Skirmish at Tunstall Station
May 5-7
Battle of The Wilderness
May 7
Battle of Todd’s Tavern
May 8 Alsop’s Farm, Spottsylvania
May 9-24 Sheridan’s Expedition to the James
May 9-10 Beaver Dam Station
May 11
Yellow Tavern

Colonel William Cheek was severly wounded.

May 11 Ground Squirrel Church
August 4 Colonel Carter was exchanged and returned to command of the regiment.
mid-August The regiment transferred with Fitz Lee’s Division to the Shenndoah Valley with Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Army of the Valley
August 16 Front Royal
August 18 Opequon Creek
August 19-21 Berryville
September 1864 The 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment reported 318 men fit for duty
October 9 Battle of Tom’s Brook

Colonel Carter was cashiered for “misbehavior in the face of the enemy” and neglect of duty.”

November Brigadier General Wickham resigned to take up his seat in Congress. Colonel Thomas Mumford of the 2nd Virginia Cavalry took command of the brigade as senior colonel.
December Lieutenant Colonel Morgan was promoted to colonel.
1865
January The brigade’s men were disbanded to their homes to forage their mounts through the winter.
mid-March The regiment re-formed and moved to the Richmond area
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 6
Battle of High Bridge
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The Cavalry cut through Union lines and escaped, leaving behind only one member who surrendered there.

April 11 the 1st Virginia Cavalry Regiment disbanded at Lynchburg.