Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
April 20 Organized at Portsmouth with men from Portsmouth and Petersburg and the counties of Nansemond, Dinwiddie, Surry, Isle of Wight, Southampton, and Halifax under Colonel Roger A. Pryor, Major Joseph Mayo
June Assigned to Department of the Peninsula
June 10 Big Bethel (3 companies)
July-October Assigned to the Department of Norfolk
November 6 Major Mayo was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Joseph V. Scott of Company E was promoted to major.
1862
January-April Assigned to Colston’s Brigade, Department of Norfolk
April-June Assigned to Colston’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
April 16 Colonel Pryor was promoted to brigadier general. The regiment was assigned to Pryor’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
April 27 Reorganized with a strength of 550 men. Lieutenant Colonel Mayo was elected colonel, Major Scott to lieutenant colonel and Captain Alexander D. Callcote was elected major.
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines
June-August Assigned to Pryor’s Brigade, Longstreet’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
June 25-July 1
Seven Days Battles

The regiment suffered 97 casualties

June 27 Gaines’ Mill
June 30
Frayser’s Farm

Lt. Colonel Scott rose from his sickbed to lead the regiment and was killed.

August Assigned to Pryor’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August 28-30
Second Manassas

The regiment was commanded by Captain Charles F. Urquhart, and captured two guns of McGilvery’s Maine Battery.

September Maryland Campaign. Assigned to Pryor’s Brigade, Anderson’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Commanded by Colonel Joseph Mayo. The regiment was in reserve in Piper’s Lane and advanced toward the Sunken Road when the Confederate line there began to collapse. Colonel Mayo was wounded and Captain Charles F. Urquart, who was leading the regiment, colors in hand, was killed.

From the War Department marker for Kemper’s Brigade on the Antietam Battlefield:

Kemper’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg about noon September 15th and took position on Cemetery Hill. In the afternoon the Brigade moved to the ravine about 520 yards northwest of this. At noon of the 17th, the 7th and 24th Regiments were sent down the Harpers Ferry Road about 520 and 850 yards respectively, to guard the right flank. Upon the approach of the 9th Corps, about 3 P.M. the 1st, 11th and 17th Regiments advanced to the high ground in their front and met the charge of Fairchild’s Brigade; they were driven from their position and retreated through the town. They reformed with Garnett’s and Drayton’s Brigades in the Harpers Ferry Road just south of the town and, co-operated with Toombs’ Brigade, and A.P. Hill’s Division, checked the further advance of the enemy and reoccupied the ground from which they had been driven, where, joined by the 7th and 24th, they remained until the morning of the 19th, when the Brigade recrossed the Potomac.

September 24 Major Callcote was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain William H. Pryor was promoted to major.
October Assigned to Pryor’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
November Transferred to Kemper’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 11 casualties

1863
February-May
Suffolk Campaign

Pickett’s Division was temporarily transferred to the Department of Southern Virginia for Longstreet’s Suffolk Campaign

May Returned to the 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia too late for the Chancellorsville campaign.
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Joseph Mayo and brought 332 men to the field. It took part in Pickett’s charge on the right flank of the attacking column, taking heavy casualties from the flanking fire of the Vermont Brigade. The regiment lost 30 men killed, 41 wounded, and 57 missing or captured.

Casualties among the officers were extremely heavy. Lt. Colonel Callcote, Captain Crawley Phillips, and Lieutenants Patrick Arthur, George Mitchell and Fenton Wrenn were killed.

Lieutenants John Arthur and Robert Gut were mortally wounded. Captains Thomas Hodges and Richard Tuck and Lieutenants Solomon Birdsong, James Brown and Oceloa White were wounded.

Lieutenants Azra Gomer, Thomas Jackson and Paul Tuck were wounded and captured.
Captain John Whitehead and Lieutenants Fielding Cage, Samuel Drewry, Samuel Gary, Thomas Gleason and William White were captured.

Surgeon Thomas P. Mayo was left at the field hospital when the army retreated and was captured on July 5.

From the brigade marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 2. Arrived about sunset and bivouacked on the western border of Spangler’s Woods.

July 3. In the forenoon formed line in the field east of the woods with right flank near Spangler’s Barn. At the close of the cannonade advanced and took part in Longstreet’s assault upon the Union position in the vicinity of the Angle. Exposed to a severe fire of artillery and vigorously assailed beyond the Emmitsburg Road by infantry on the right flank with ranks thinned and much disorganized by its losses especially of officers it pressed on against the Union line at the stone wall where after a fierce encounter the struggle ended. Gen. J. L. Kemper fell wounded in front of the stone wall.

July 4. Spent the day in reorganization and during the night began the march to Hagerstown

July Escorted prisoners back to Virginia
September Assigned to Kemper’s Brigade, Department of Richmond
1864
May Assigned to Kemper’s-Terry’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 16 Drewry’s Bluff
May 23-26
Battle of the North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June Petersburg Siege
August 20 Major Pryor was promoted to lieutenant colonel effective to the death of Lt. Colonel Callcote on July 3, 1863
1865
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 1 officer and 60 men