1861
September Organized under the command of Colonel Lewis Armistead and Lieutenant Colonel George W. Carr. The regiment was created on the nucleus of Keene’s Infantry Battalion, to which five new companies were added.
1862
April 1 Colonel Armistead was promoted to brigadier general. The 9th, 14th, 38th, 53rd and 57th Virginia were brigaded together under Brigadier General Lewis Armistead in Richard Anderson’s Division of Longstreet’s Command,
April 24 Lt. Colonel Carr was promoted to colonel. and Captain Garland B. Hanes of Company A was promoted to major.
May Colonel Carr and Major Hanes were dropped in the army reorganization. Captain Elisha Ford Keen was elected colonel and Captain David Dyer was elected major.
June Major Dyer was elected to lieutenant colonel.
July 1
Malvern Hill

The regiment lost 113 casualties.

July 30 Colonel Keen resigned. Lieutenant Colonel Dyer was promoted to colonel and Captain John Bowie Magruder of Company H to captain.
August 30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
September 13
Capture of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel David Dyer

September 19
Battle of Shepherdstown

The regiment covered the river bank at Pack Horse Ford. Colonel Hodges, commanding the brigade since Armistead was wounded at Sharpsburg, reported that the brigade consisted of no more than 50 to 60 men.

November 7 The regiment was transferred with the rest of Armistead’s Brigade to Pickett’s Division of Longstreet’s newly-designated First Army Corps.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

Commanded by Colonel David Dyer

December Winter quarters at Guiney Station
1863
January 12 Colonel Dyer resigned.
February 4 Captain Clement R. Fontaine of Company A was promoted to major.
February-April Detached from the Army of Northern Virginia on Longstreet’s Suffolk Expedition
April 29 Left Suffolk for the Rappahannick
June 25 Crossed the Potomac at Williamsport, Maryland
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel John B. Magruder and brought 476 men to the field. It

“woke at 3 a.m. on July 3 and moved to Seminary Ridge. That afternoon it took part in Pickett’s Charge as the support brigade on the right flank of the attack, breaking the Union line at The Angle before being thrown back with heavy casualties. Colonel John B. Magruder and Lt. Colonel Benjamin H. Wade were both mortally wounded, with Colonel Magruder also captured. Major Clement R. Fontaine took over the regiment.”

Officer casualties were heavy. Captain John Smith and Lieutenants P. Fletcher Ford, Isaac Prillaman, Andrew Styne, and James Styne were killed. Captains David P. Heckman, William Ramsey, and John Taylor and Lieutenants Abram Holland, Christian Prillaman, and William Thomson were wounded. Lieutenant Marquis Boone was wounded and captured. Captains Daniel Arrington and David Dickinson and Lieutenants Leroy Dyer, Benjamin Philpott, and Edward Robinson were captured.

From the brigade’s marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 2. Arrived about sunset and bivouacked on the western border of Spangler’s Woods.

July 3. In the forenoon formed line behind Kemper and Garnett east of the woods. When the cannonade ceased advanced to support Kemper’s and Garnett’s Brigades forming the right of Longstreet’s Corps. Its losses being less at first than those of the other brigades it passed the Emmitsburg Road in compact ranks and as the front line was going to pieces near the stone wall pushed forward and many of its men and some from other commands responding to the call and following Gen. L. A. Armistead sprang over the wall into the Angle and continued the desperate struggle until he fell mortally wounded beyond the stone wall.

July 4. Spent the day in reorganization and during the night began the march to Hagerstown.

July 5 Major Clement R. Fontaine was promoted to colonel and Captain David Heckman of Company C was promoted to major.
Brigadier General George Steuart took command of the brigade
July Escorted prisoners back to Virginia
September Detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and assigned to the Department of Richmond
1864
May 16
Drewry’s Bluff

The regiment lost 7 men killed, 31 wounded, and 3 missing

May 21-23 Rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia, assigned to Kemper’s-Terry’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps.
May 23-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Petersburg Siege begins
1865
April 1865 Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel William H. Ramsey
April 1
Battle of Five Forks

Major Heckman was captured at Dinwiddie Court House.

April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek
April 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 7 officers and 74 enlisted men.