Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
May Organized at Manassas under Colonel James L. Kemper, Lieutenant Colonel Lewis B. Williams and Adjutant Charles C. Floweree and assigned to Early’s Brigade.
July 1 Captain Waller T. Patton of Company B was promoted to major.
July Assigned to the Sixth (Early’s) Brigade
July 21
Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment suffered 47 casualties.

1862
April The regiment reported 700 men in the ranks.
April 27 Lieutenant Colonel Williams was transferred to the 1st Virginia Infantry Regiment and promoted to colonel. Major Patton was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Adjutant Floweree was promoted to major.
May 5
Battle of Williamsburg

The regiment suffered 77 casualties. Captain Philip Ashby of Company C was wounded.

May 25 Brigadier General A.P. Hill was promoted to division command, and the brigade was taken over by Colonel James Kemper.
June 3 Colonel Kemper was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Patton was promoted to colonel and Major Floweree was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
June 15 Captain Aylette A. Swindler was promoted to major.
June 30
Battle of Frayser’s Farm, or Glendale

The regiment suffered 111 casualties. Major Swindler was wounded.

August The brigade was under the temporary command of Colonel Montgomery Corse while Brigadier General Kemper took command of a temporary division.
August 30
2nd Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)

The regiment took part in Longstreet’s attack on the Union flank at Chinn Ridge. It suffered 59 casualties. Colonel Patton, Lieutenant Colonel Floweree and Major Swindler were wounded. Swinder would lose his leg and leave field servce, becoming a recruiting officer, and Colonel Patton would be out for the rest of the year. Captain Philip S. Ashby took command of the regiment.

September Brigadier General Kemper resumed command of the brigade, which became part of the division of Brigadier General David R. Jones in Longstreet’s Command
September 14
Battle of Boonsborough (South Mountain)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Walter T. Patton. Colonel Patton was wounded, leaving Captain Philip S. Ashby in command.

September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)  

Commanded by Captain Philip S. Ashby. The regiment was detached from Kemper’s brigade and was advanced several hundred yards beyond the right of the Confederate line to cover fords along Antietam Creek.

From the War Department marker for Kemper’s Brigade on the Antietam Battlefield:

Kemper’s Brigade reached Sharpsburg about noon September 15th and took position on Cemetery Hill. In the afternoon the Brigade moved to the ravine about 520 yards northwest of this. At noon of the 17th, the 7th and 24th Regiments were sent down the Harpers Ferry Road about 520 and 850 yards respectively, to guard the right flank. Upon the approach of the 9th Corps, about 3 P.M. the 1st, 11th and 17th Regiments advanced to the high ground in their front and met the charge of Fairchild’s Brigade; they were driven from their position and retreated through the town. They reformed with Garnett’s and Drayton’s Brigades in the Harpers Ferry Road just south of the town and, co-operated with Toombs’ Brigade, and A.P. Hill’s Division, checked the further advance of the enemy and reoccupied the ground from which they had been driven, where, joined by the 7th and 24th, they remained until the morning of the 19th, when the Brigade recrossed the Potomac.

November Assigned to Kemper’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, First Army Corps.

Captain Ashby was placed under arrest.

December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment suffered four casualties.

December 25 Captain Ashby deserted and would be dropped from the rolls of the regiment “in disgrace.”
1863
April-May
Suffolk Expedition
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Clonel Waller Tazewell Patton and brought 335 men to the field. It took part in Pickett’s charge on the right flank of the attacking column, taking heavy casualties from the flanking fire of the Vermont Brigade. The regiment lost 31 men killed, 82 wounded, and 36 missing. Colonel Patton was shot through the jaw, a mortal wound, and captured. Lt. Colonel Flowerree took command of the survivors.

Many other officers became casualties: Lieutenants Columbus Story was killed and Lieutenant Albert Good was mortally wounded. Lieutenants James Brown, James Rosser, J.N. McMullin and Elisha Walker were wounded. Captain Bezaliel Brown and Lieutenants Nathan Bartley and Charles Moore were wounded and captured. Lieutenants George Smith and Elisha Stone were captured.

From the marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 2. Arrived about sunset and bivouacked on the western border of Spangler’s Woods.

July 3. In the forenoon formed line in the field east of the woods with right flank near Spangler’s Barn. At the close of the cannonade advanced and took part in Longstreet’s assault upon the Union position in the vicinity of the Angle. Exposed to a severe fire of artillery and vigorously assailed beyond the Emmitsburg Road by infantry on the right flank with ranks thinned and much disorganized by its losses especially of officers it pressed on against the Union line at the stone wall where after a fierce encounter the struggle ended. Gen. J. L. Kemper fell wounded in front of the stone wall.

July 4. Spent the day in reorganization and during the night began the march to Hagerstown.

July Escorted prisoners back to Virginia
July 21 Colonel Patton died and was buried at Stonewall Cemetery at Winchester, Virginia.
September Detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and assigned to the Department of Richmond
1864
April 17
Capture of Plymouth, North Carolina.
May Assigned to Kemper’s-Terry’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
May 16
Battle of Drewry’s Bluff

The regiment lost 39 men.

May 23-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Petersburg Siege
1865
March 31
Dinwiddie Court House
April 1
Battle of Five Forks
April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek

Colonel Floweree and much of the regiment were captured.

Aprl 9
Appomattox Court House

The regiment surrendered 20 officers and men.