Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
July Organized at Portsmouth, Virginia under the command of Colonel David G. Godwin. Assigned to the Department of Norfolk.
1862
The 9th, 14th, 38th, 53rd and 57th Virginia were brigaded together under Brigadier General Lewis Armistead in Richard Anderson’s Division of Longstreet’s Command
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines
June The regiment mustered 435 men.
July 1
Battle of Malvern Hill

Captain James J. Phillips of Company f saved the regimental colors.

August 30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
September 13
Capture of Harpers Ferry
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg

Commanded by Captain William J. Richardson.

From the War Department marker for Anderson’s Division on the Antietam battlefield:

Anderson’s Division comprising the Brigades of Cumming, Wright, Pryor, Mahone, Featherstone and Armistead crossed the Potomac at Blackford’s Ford about daybreak and between 8 and 10 A. M. arrived upon this part of the field. Armistead’s Brigade was sent to the support of McLaws in the Dunkard Church Woods and the other five Brigades were disposed in the Apple Orchard and on open ground either side of it, between this and Piper’s Lane. The Division advanced in support of a part of D.H. Hill’s Division, then heavily engaged and after a stubborn contest in which portions of the Division reached this point, it was repulsed with heavy loss and fell back to Piper’s Lane and the Hagerstown Pike.

September 19
Battle of Shepherdstown

The regiment covered the river bank at Pack Horse Ford. Colonel Hodges, commanding the brigade since Armistead was wounded at Sharpsburg, reported that the brigade consisted of no more than 50 to 60 men.

November 7 The regiment was transferred with the rest of Armistead’s Brigade to Pickett’s Division of Longstreet’s newly-designated First Army Corps.
November 20 Moved to Fredericksburg
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg

Commanded by Lt. Colonel James Skelton Gilliam

December Winter quarters at Guiney Station
1863
February-May
Suffolk Expedition
April 29 Left Suffolk for the Rappahannick
June 25 Crossed the Potomac at Williamsport, Maryland
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Major John Crowder Owens and brought about 250 men to the field. It awoke at 3 a.m. and moved to Seminary Ridge, then took part in Pickett’s Charge on July 3 as the support brigade on the right flank of the attack, breaking the Union line at The Angle before being thrown back with heavy casualties. The regiment lost 24 men killed, 70 wounded and 83 missing or captured. Major Owens was mortally wounded, and Captain James J. Phillips of Company F took command of the regiment, then was also wounded.

There were many casualties among the officers. Lieutenant John Niemeyer was killed, and Lieutenants Walter Butts, Richard Chapman and James Robinson were mortally wounded and captured. Lieutenants James Crocker, John Hack and Henry S. Wilkinson were wounded and captured. Captains Henry Allen, Jules Crocker, Marcus Gregory and William Richardson and Lieutenants Henry Britton, Mathew Clay, Henry Gwynn, John Lewis, Edward Varnier, John Vermillion and Samuel Weaver were captured.

From the marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 2. Arrived about sunset and bivouacked on the western border of Spangler’s Woods.

July 3. In the forenoon formed line behind Kemper and Garnett east of the woods. When the cannonade ceased advanced to support Kemper’s and Garnett’s Brigades forming the right of Longstreet’s Corps. Its losses being less at first than those of the other brigades it passed the Emmitsburg Road in compact ranks and as the front line was going to pieces near the stone wall pushed forward and many of its men and some from other commands responding to the call and following Gen. L. A. Armistead sprang over the wall into the Angle and continued the desperate struggle until he fell mortally wounded beyond the stone wall.

July 4. Spent the day in reorganization and during the night began the march to Hagerstown.

July 4-9 Escorted prisoners back to Virginia
September Detached from the Army of Northern Virginia and assigned to the Department of Richmond
1864
Spring 1864 To New Bern, North Carolina as part of the brigade of Brigadier General Seth Barton, then returned to Richmond area
May 10
Battle of Chester Station

The successful attack of the brigade was halted by a Federal flank attack.

May 16
Drewry’s Bluff

The regiment lost 47 casualties.

May 21-23 Rejoined the Army of Northern Virginia, assigned to Kemper’s-Terry’s Brigade, Pickett’s Division, 1st Corps.
May 23-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June
Petersburg Siege
July 4 Captain James Jasper Phillips was promoted to colonel
1865
April 1
Battle of Five Forks

Commanded by Captain John P. Wilson

April 6
Battle of Sayler’s Creek

Much of the regiment was captured.

April 9
Appomattox Court House

The 9th Virginia surrendered 2 officers and 37 enlisted men.