Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
July 24 Organized in Amherst County under the command of Captain Thomas J. Kirkpatrick. (A different battery known as the Amherst-Nelson Battery was organized in September of 1861 under Captain Woodville Latham.)
November Assigned to Reserve Artillery of the Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
1862
May 15 The battery reorganized.
April-May Siege of Yorktown
June Assigned to Nelson’s Battalion, Artillery, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
June 25 – July 1
Seven Days battles
September 16
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

The battery was posted on the south side of the Potomac ford near Shepherdstown. It was not engaged in the battle. It was equipped with two 12-pounder Napoleons and two 3″ Ordnance rifles.

September 20
Shepherdstown Ford
October 4 Some men were transferred in from the disbanded Hanover and Middlesex Batteries.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
June Assigned to Nelson’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, 2nd Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded by Captain Thomas J. Kirkpatrick..

From the War Department marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

Army of Northern Virginia 
Ewell’s Corps Artillery Reserve
Nelson’s Battalion Kirkpatrick’s Battery
Amherst Virginia Artillery
One 3 Inch Rifle Three Napoleons

July 1. The Battery arrived too late on the field to participate in the engagement of the day.

July 2. Took position on Seminary Ridge 1/4 mile north of Chambersburg Pike. About 11 A. M. moved to the rear of Pennsylvania College and remained until night when the Battery returned to the position of the morning.

July 3. Ordered to the extreme left of the Confederate line. At midnight moved with Johnson’s Division to Seminary Ridge.

July 4. Took position on the ridge west of town and at midnight took up the line of march to Hagerstown.

No report of casualties or ammunition expended.

October Bristoe Campaign
November-December Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of The Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 23-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Battle of Cold Harbor
June Lynchburg Campaign. Assigned to Nelson’s Battalion, Artillery, Second Corps, Army of the Valley,
July 9
Battle of Monocacy
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester
September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
1865
March 2, 1865
Battle of Waynesboro

Most of the men and all of the guns of the battery were captured.