Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
August 14 Organized in Hanover County for one year service under Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr.
1862
January Assigned to Reserve Artillery, Potomac District, Department of Northern Virginia.
March Assigned to Reserve Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia. Reorganized in the spring.
April-May Siege of Yorktown
June-July Assigned to Richardson’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia
June 25 – July 1
Seven Days battles
September Assigned to Lee’s-Alexander’s Battalion, Reserve Artillery, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
September 17
Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)

Commanded by Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr. The battery was armed with one 12-pounder iron howitzer, two 10-pounder Parrott rifles and one 6-pounder gun attached from the Middlesex battery.

From the War Department marker for Longstreet’s Reserve Artillery in front of the National cemetery:

The Reserve Artillery crossed the Antietam about 8 A.M. of the 15th and took position on the high ground overlooking the creek to the east and south of Sharpsburg. Eubank’s Battery was posted on the bluff commanding the Burnside Bridge. At 1 P.M. the Reserve Artillery engaged the long-range guns of the enemy along the heights on the east bank of Antietam Creek. During the night of the 15th the Reserve Artillery was moved to the left, to a position near the Dunkard Church.

From the War Department marker for Longstreet’s Reserve Artillery along Hagerstown Pike:

At daybreak of the 17th the Ashland Artillery, the Bedford Artillery, the Brooks Artillery and Parker’s Battery, went into position on the ridge east of the Dunkard Church. At about 7 A.M., the Brooks Artillery was withdrawn and the Madison Artillery took its place, one section advancing to the open field field north. About 8:15 A.M., the Batteries were withdrawn to a position west of the Hagerstown road and about 600 yards south of the Dunkard Church. At 9 A.M., they were withdrawn to Sharpsburg. At 3 P.M., they formed on the high ground commanding the Boonsboro Pike and the Middle Bridge over the Antietam. Eubanks’ Battery was detached from the Battalion on the 15th and was in support of Toombs’ Brigade in front of the Burnside Bridge.

October 4 Men from the disbanded Nelson and Middlesex artillery batteries transferred in.
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
End of June Due to a disagreement on the order of march Captain Woolfolk and Captain George Moody of the Madison Light Artillery were to fight a duel with rifles at ten paces on July 2. The Battle of Gettysburg interrupted the plans, and the duel was never fought.
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded by Captain Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr.

From the War Department marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

Army of Northern Virginia
Longstreet’s Corps Artillery Reserve
Alexander’s Battalion Woolfolk’s Battery
The Ashland Virginia Artillery 
Two 20 Pounder Parrotts Two Napoleons

July 2. Took position here 4.30 P. M. and opened fire. Joined soon in the advance of the infantry During remainder of the day occupied position on the crest near Peach Orchard and was actively engaged in firing upon the new line of the Union forces.

July 3. In position near N. E. corner of Spangler’s Woods on left of the artillery line which occupied the ridge from Peach Orchard to that point. Took part in the cannonade preceding Longstreet’s assault followed and supported it. Aided then in repelling sharpshooters and withdrew at midnight.

July 4. In position near here until 4 P. M. Then withdrew to Marsh Creek on Fairfield Road.

Losses heavy but not reported in detail

September Moved by rail to Georgia. Assigned to Alexander’s Artillery Battalion, 1st Corps, Army of Tennessee
September-
November
Siege of Chattanooga
November Alexander’s Artillery Battalion, Department of East Tennessee
November Siege of Knoxville
November 16 Campbell’s Station
1864
April Returned from Tennessee to Virginia. Assigned to Alexander-Huger’s Battalion, Artillery, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia.
May 5-6
Battle of The Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 23-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Cold Harbor
June-April
Siege of Petersburg
1865
April 9, 1865
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee’s army.