Confederate Regiments & Batteries > Virginia


1861
April 23 Organized at Fredericksburg under Captain Carter M. Braxton.
1862
January Attached to French’s Brigade, Aquia District, Department of Northern Virginia
March Assigned to Anderson’s-Hatton’s Brigade, Smith’s-Whiting’s Division, Department of Northern Virginia
April 1 Reorganized under the command of Captain Edward A. Marye.
June-July Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill’s Division, Army of Northern Virginia
June 25 – July 1
Seven Days battles
June 26
Beaver Dam Creek
June 27
Gaines’ Mill
June 30
Frayser’s Farm
July Assigned to Archer’s Brigade, A.P. Hill’s Division, Longstreet’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August Assigned to Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill’s Division, Jackson’s Command, Army of Northern Virginia
August 9
Cedar Mountain

Captain Joseph Carpenter was mortally wounded and is brother, Lieutenant John Carpenter, was promoted to captain and took command of the battery.

August 28-30
Second Battle of Manassas (Bull Run)
September 12-15
Harpers Ferry
October Assigned to Artillery Battalion, Artillery Battalion, A.P. Hill’s Division, Second Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
December 13
Battle of Fredericksburg
1863
May 1-4
Battle of Chancellorsville
May Assigned to Pegram’s Battalion, Artillery, Third Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded by Captain John Cadwalader Carpenter.

From the War Department marker on the Gettysburg battlefield:

Army of Northern Virginia 
Hill’s Corps Reserve Artillery
Pegram’s Battalion Marye’s Battery
The Fredericksburg Artillery
Two Napoleons Two 10 Pounder Parrotts

July 1. This Battery fired the first cannonshot of the battle from a point near the south side of the Chambersburg Pike on the ridge west of Herr’s Tavern and was actively engaged until the close of the day’s conflict.

July 2. Early in the morning took position here. Opened at intervals upon the Union lines and enfiladed their batteries when they sought to concentrate their fire upon the Confederate right.

July 3. Participated actively in all operations of the artillery including the cannonade which preceded Longstreet’s assault.

July 4. About sunset withdrew and began the march to Hagerstown.

Losses not reported in detail.

October Bristoe Campaign

Assigned to Johnson’s Battalion, Artillery, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia

November-December Mine Run Campaign
1864
May 5-6
Battle of The Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 23-26
North Anna
June 1-3
Cold Harbor
June-April
Petersburg Siege
October Assigned to Johnson’s Battalion, Artillery, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
1865
March Assigned to Johnson’s Battalion, Artillery, 1st Corps, Army of Northern Virginia
April 6, 1865
Sayler’s Creek
April 9, 1865
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee’s army. One officer and 75 enlisted men surrendered.