“Van Buren Light Infantry”

The 102nd New York Infantry Regiment lost 7 officers and 66 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 82 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg shared with the 78th New York Infantry.

1862
Organized at New York City.
March 10 Eight companies left the state for Washington, D. C. under Colonel Thomas Van Buren, Lieutenant Colonel William B. Hayward and Major James C. Lane
March-April Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. Attached to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington
April 7 Companies I and K joined the regiment
May, 1862 Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. and attached to Cooper’s 1st Brigade, Sigel’s Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah
May 28-30 Defense of Harper’s Ferry against Jackson’s attack
June – July Operations in the Shenandoah Valley assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
August Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

The regiment was commanded by Major Lane and lost Captains Julius Spring and Arthur Cavanaugh and 21 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Colonel Avery and 6 other officers and 70 enlisted men wounded, and 1 officer and 14 men missing.

August 16-
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia. Guard trains during the campaign.
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Lane and lost Captain Cornell and 7 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 24 men wounded, and 5 men missing.

September – November Duty at Bolivar Heights
October Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army Potomac
November 9 Reconnaissance to Rippon, W. Va.,
December 2-6 Expedition to Winchester
December 9-16 March to Fredericksburg, Va.
December At Fairfax Station
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
Frbeuary At Fairfax Station
March 10-April 4 Regiment detached in New York on special duty
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 1 officer and 13 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 34 men wounded, and 1 officer and 38 men missing.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Lane until he was wounded on July 2, when Captain Lewis R. Stegman took command. It lost Captain John Meade, Adjutant J.V. Upham and 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Colonel Lane and 15 men wounded, and 8 men missing out of 248 men engaged.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va
August-September Duty on line of the Rappahannock
September 24-
October 3
Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. and transfer to the Army of the Cumberland
October 26-29 Reopening Tennessee River
November Guarding railroad
November 23-27 Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
November 23-24
Battle of Lookout Mountain

The regiment lost Major Gilbert M. Elliott killed and 1 other officer and 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and Lieutenant Colonel E. Avery and 9 men wounded

November 25 Mission Ridge
November 27 Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge
December Duty in Lookout Valley
December 31 The regiment reenlisted and received Veteran furlough of 30 days
1864
March 3 Returned to the front at Stevenson, Alabama
April Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
May 1-
September 8
Atlanta Campaign
May 8-11 Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge
May 14-15
Battle of Resaca

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Lane and lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 10 men wounded.

May 19 Near Cassville
May 22-25 Advance on Dallas
May 25 New Hope Church
May 26-June 5
Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills

The regiment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 15 men wounded, and 3 men missing.

June 10-July 2
Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain

The regiment lost 1 oficer and 12 men wounded

June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15-17 Lost Mountain
June 15 Gilgal or Golgotha Church
June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22 Kolb’s Farm
June 27 Assault on Kenesaw
July 4 Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground
July 5-17 Chattahoochie River
July 12 78th New York Infantry consolidated into the regiment
July 19-20
Peach Tree Creek

The regiment lost 9 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 23 men wounded, and 1 officer and 19 men missing.

July 22 – August 25 Siege of Atlanta
August 26-
September 2
Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2-
November 15
Occupation of Atlanta
October 26-29 Expedition from Atlanta to Tuckum’s Cross Roads
November 9 Near Atlanta
November 15-December 10
March to the sea

The regiment lost 1 man mortally wounded, 1 officer and 13 men wounded and 1 man missing

November 28 Near Davidsboro
December 10-21 Siege of Savannah
1865
January – Apri
Campaign of the Carolinas

The regiment lost 1 man killed, 2 men wounded, and 1 officer and 14 men missing

March 19-21 Battle of Bentonville, N. C.
March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 9-13 Advance on Raleigh
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26 Bennett’s House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.
April 29-May 20 March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.
May 24 Grand Review
June Duty at Washington, D.C. assigned to 1st Brigade, Bartlett’s Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington
July 21 Mustered out under Colonel Harvey S. Chatfield, Lieutenant Colonel Oscar J. Spalding and Major Robert H. Wilbur at Alexandria, Virginia