“Campbell Guards”

The 107th New York Infantry Regiment lost 4 officers and 87 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 131 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at Elmira, N.Y.
August 13 Mustered in for three years service under Colonel Robert B. Van Valkenburgh, Lieutenant Colonel Alexander S. Diven and Major Gabriel L. Smith.
August 13 Left State for Washington, D.C. and attached to Whipple’s Command, Defenses of Washington, D.C.
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign. Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac.
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment lost 12 men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 44 men wounded, and 5 missing.

September 22-
October 29
Duty at Maryland Heights

Colonel Van Valkenburgh resigned to take his seat in the U. S. Congress. Lieutenant Colonel Diven was promoted to colonel and given command of the regiment after a ninety day leave of absence so that he, too, could take his seat in Congress.

November Picket duty at Blackford’s Ford and Sharpsburg
December 12-16 March to Fredericksburg, Va.
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February At Stafford Court House
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Diven. It lost Captain Nathaniel Rutter and 11 men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 44 men wounded, and 23 men missing.

May 11 Colonel Diven was honorably discharged to serve his term in Congress. Lieutenant Colonel Nirom Crane of the 23rd New York, whose term had expired, was appointed colonel and given command of the regiment.
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Nirom M. Crane. It brought 319 men to the field, losing 2 wounded, 1 mortally.

From the monument:

Occupied this position on the morning of July 2d. Withdrawn at 4 p.m. and sent to near Little Round Top. Returning during the night found these works in possession of the enemy. During the morning of July 3 was in position near Baltimore Pike. Occupied these works at 2 p.m.

July 5-26 Pursuit of Lee to Warrenton Junction
August Duty on line of the Rappahannock
September 24-
October 3
Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. Transferred to Army of the Cumberland
October Guarding Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
December 9 Companies B, C, I and K of the 145th New York Infantry transferred to the regiment
May 1-
September 8
Atlanta Campaign
May 8-11 Operations about Rocky Faced Ridge, Tunnel Hill and Buzzard’s Roost Gap
May 14-15
Battle of Resaca

The regiment lost 1 man killed and 1 officer and 5 men wounded.

May 19 Near Cassville
May 25-June 5 Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
May 25
New Hope Church

The regiment attacked Confederate breastworks, fighting until its ammunition was exhausted and the cartridge boxes of the dead and wounded had been gleaned. It lost Captain John F. Knox, Second Lieutenant John Hill and 41 men killed and mortally wounded; and Captain J. M. Losie and Lieuteanants John Orr, George Humphery, George Swain, and 118 men wounded out of 400 men engaged.

June 10-July 2 Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15-17 Lost Mountain
June 15 Gilgal or Golgotha Church
June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22 Kolb’s Farm
June 27 Assault on Kenesaw
July 4 Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground
July 5-17 Chattahoochie River
July 19-20
Peach Tree Creek

The regiment lost Major Lathrod Baldwin and 6 men killed or mortally wounded and 12 men wounded.

July 22-August 25
Siege of Atlanta

The regment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded and 5 men wounded.

August 26-
September 2
Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2-November 15 Occupation of Atlanta
October 26-29 Expedition from Atlanta to Tuckum’s Cross Roads
November 9 Near Atlanta
November 15-December 10
March to the sea

The regiment lost 6 men wounded and 1 officer and 52 men missing.

December 9 Montieth Swamp
December 10-21 Siege of Savannah
January to April Campaign of the Carolinas
January 29 Robertsville, S.C.
March 16
Averysboro, N. C.

The regiment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 23 men wounded, and 1 officer and 17 men missing.

March 19-21 Battle of Bentonville
March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 10 Moccasin Swamp
April 26 Bennett’s House, surrender of Johnston and his army.
April 29-May 19 March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.
May 24 Grand Review
June 5 Mustered out under Colonel Nirom Crane. Veterans and Recruits transferred to 60th New York Infantry.