“Polish Legion”

The 58th New York Infantry lost 4 officers and 28 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 officers and 60 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
August –
November
Organized at New York City under Colonel Wladimir Kryzanowski, Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Gellman and Major Theodore Lichtenstein
November 7 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Bohlen’s Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Army of the Potomac for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.
1862
January 18 Major Lichtenstein dismissed
March Attached to 2nd Brigade, Blenker’s 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 1 Captain William Henkel of Company A promoted to major
March 10 Advance on Manassas, Va.
April Attached to 2nd Brigade, Blenker’s Division, Dept. of the Mountains
April 5-18 Movement to Winchester, Va.
April-June Operations in the Shenandoah Valley
June Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
June 8
Battle of Cross Keys

The regiment lost 11 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 13 enlisted men wounded, and 4 men missing

July 7 to August 8 Duty at Sperryville
August 16-September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

The regiment lost 16 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 28 enlisted men wounded, and 11 men missing during the campaign

August 20-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 29 Battle of Groveton
August 30
Bull Run

Lieutenant Max Schmidt was wounded

September-November Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
October 31
Manassas Junction

The regiment lost Captain Frederck Braun and 2 enlisted men captured

Major Henkel was discharged for disability

November 1-18 Movement to Centreville, Va.
December 9-16 March to Fredericksburg, Va.
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
January 11 George Harvey mustered in as major
February – April At Stafford Court House, Va.
March 7 Lieutenant Colonel Gellman discharged
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

Captain Frederick Braun was killed, 2 officers and 8 enlisted men wounded, and 2 men captured

May 19 Major Harvey discharged
May 29 August Otto mustered in as lieutenant colonel
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel August Otto, who was assigned to General Schurz’s staff on July 2. Captain Emil Koenig then took command of the regiment. The 58th brought 222 men to the field.

From the monument:

Two companies of the regiment held this position July 1, 1863 until ordered to Cemetery Hill. Were there joined by the other companies and engaged on the 2nd and 3rd. After the repulse of Pickett’s Charge, skirmished into Gettysburg.

Casualties: killed 2, wounded 16, missing 3. Total 20.

First Lieutenant and Adjutant Louis Dietrich and Private Louis Krause were killed and Captains Gustavus Stoldt and Edward Antonieski were mortally wounded

July-September Duty along Orange & Alexandria Railroad
September 24-October 3 Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. Transferred to Army of the Cumberland
October 19-27 Operations in Lookout Valley, Tenn
October 26-29 Reopening Tennessee River
October 28-29 Battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn.
November 23-27 Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
November 23 Orchard Knob
November 24-25 Tunnel Hill
November 25 Mission Ridge
November 28-December 17 March to relief of Knoxville
December Garrison duty at Bridgeport, Ala., and guard duty along Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad
1864
April Attached to 4th Division, 20th Army Corps, Dept. of the Cumberland
April 5 Lt. Colonel Otto discharged
July Attached to 3rd Brigade, Defenses of Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, Dept. of the Cumberland
November 12 Captain Michael Esembraux of Company K promoted to major
1865
February Garrison and guard duty at Stevenson, Ala., and Nashville, Tenn. attached to District of North Alabama, Dept. of the Cumberland
July Attached to District of Nashville, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland
October 1 Mustered out under Colonel Kryzanowski