“Astor Regiment”

“1st Regiment Clinton Guard”

The 61st New York Infantry Regiment lost 16 officers and 177 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 121 enlisted men to disease, a total of 316. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

See a photograph of the officers of the 61st New York at Falmouth, Virginia.

1861
October 25 Organized at New York City
November 9 Left State for Washington, D.C. under Colonel Spencer W. Cone, Lieutenant Colonel Francis C. Barlow and Major William C. Massett
November Duty at Bladensburg, Defenses of Washington, D.C. Attached to Howard’s Brigade, Sumner’s Division, Army of the Potomac
November 3-11 Expedition to Lower Maryland
November 28 At Camp California, near Alexandria, Va.
1862
January Lieutenant Colonel Barlow leads a revolt among the officers of the regiment to have Colonel Cone and Major Massett removed for incompetence.
March 10 Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to Howard’s 1st Brigade, Richardson’s 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 20 Reconnaissance to Gainesville
March 28-31 Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad
April 14 Colonel Cone discharged
April 16-May 4
Ordered to the Peninsula, Va. Siege of Yorktown

Lieutenant Colonel Barlow promoted to colonel, Major Massett to lieutenant colonel and Captain Arthur L. Brooks of Company G to major

May 12 Major Brooks died of disease at Yorktown
May 14 Captain Zachary Lawrence of Company A promoted to major
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

Lieutenant Colonel William Masset, Captains Theodore Russell and Joseph Trenor, Lieutenants Henry Coultis, John McDonald, William McIntyre and 42 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain Walter H. Maze, Lieutenants Peter Bain, Cornelius Bergen, Charles Howard and 56 enlisted men were wounded, and four enlisted men were missing out of 432 men engaged.

Nelson Miles was appointed lieutenant colonel effective May 31.

June 25-July 1
Seven days before Richmond

In addition to the officers listed below, from June 25 until July 1 the regiment lost 28 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 71 enlisted men wounded, and 11 enlisted men missing

June 29 Battles of Peach Orchard, Allen’s Farm and Savage Station
June 30
White Oak Swamp and Glendale

Captains Manton Angell and Dennis Moore and Lieutenants Lucien Cadwell and David Gregory were wounded, Captain Moore also captured

July 1 Malvern Hill
July-August At Harrison’s Landing. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July of 1865
August 7 Major Lawrence discharged
August 16-30 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Alexandria and Centreville
August 31-
September 2
Cover Pope’s retreat to Washington
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Barlow in its attack flanking the Sunken Road, capturing over 300 Confederates. While repelling the Confederate counterattack, Colonel Barlow was wounded in the groin by artillery case shot, and Lieutenant Colonel Miles took command of the regiment.

Second Lieutenant Theodore W. Greig of Company C earned the Medal of Honor for capturing the battle flag of the 44th Alabama Infantry, despite being shot in the neck.

Captain Manton Angell and 11 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded and Colonel Barlow and 27 enlisted men were wounded

September 22 to October 29 Duty at Harper’s Ferry. Company I consolidated with another company and was replaced with a new company of recruits from Albany.
September 30 Colonel Barlow promoted to Brigadier General, Lieutenant Colonel Nelson Miles promoted to colonel, and Captain Oscar N. Broady of Company C promoted to lieutenant colonel
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charlestown
October 29-
November 17
Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth
November 17 Captain William Spencer promoted to major, with rank from August 7
Manassas Gap The regiment lost 2 enlisted men missing
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Lt. Colonel Nelson Miles and 22 enisted men were wounded in the assault on Marye’s Heights.

December 21 Major Spencer discharged for disability
1863
January Duty at Falmouth
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February 18 First Lieutenant George W. Scott of Company D promoted to major
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 1 officer killed, Colonel Miles wounded in the neck and abdomen (at first thought to be fatal) and 15 enlisted men wounded, and 1 officer and enlisted men missing. Miles was awarded the Medal of honor for his actions in the battle.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Oscar Knut Broady. It brought 148 men to the field and lost Lieutenant Franklin Garland and 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Captain Willard Keech, Lieutenants Charles Fuller, James Owens and 43 enlisted men wounded in fighting in the Wheatfield.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas, Va.
August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
October 9-22
Bristoe Campaign

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed.

October 14 Auburn and Bristoe
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December-May Duty at Stevensburg
1863
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7 Battle of the Wilderness
May 8
Corbin’s Bridge

Captain Thomas Morrison, Lieutenants William Collines and John Hicks, and 10 enisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Thomas Welch and 22 enlisted men wounded, and 1 enlisted man missing

May 8-12 Spottsylvania
May 12 Major Scott promoted to lieutenant colonel
May 10
Po River

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and wounded

May 12-21 Spottsylvania Court House
May 12
Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”

The regiment lost 16 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Lieutenaant Robert Solomon and 33 enlisted men wounded

May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31
Totopotomoy

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men wounded

June 1-12
Cold Harbor

The regiment lost Lieutenants James Owens, Joel Perrington and Isaac Plumb and 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 10 enlisted men wounded and 2 enlisted men missing

June 9 Colonel Miles was promoted to brigadier general. Lt. Colonel Broady was promoted to colonel but never mustered
June 16-18 Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins
June 22-23
Jerusalem Plank Road

The regiment lost 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 23 enlisted men wounded and 7 missing

July 27-29 Demonstration on north side of the James
July 27-29
Deep Bottom

the regiment lost 1 enlisted man wounded and 1 missing

August 13-20 Demonstration north of the James
August 14-18
Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed, 5 wounded and 7 missing

August 25
Ream’s Station

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men killed, 11 wounded, and 25 missing or captured

October 29 Colonel Broady mustered out. Major Scott promoted to lieutenant colonel.
November 10 Lt. Colonel Scott promoted to colonel
December 9-10
Reconnaissance to Hatcher’s Run

The regiment lost 1 man wounded

December 9 Hatcher’s Run
December 20 Veterans and recruits from the 57th New York transferred into regiment.
1865
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 13 Captain George Schaffer of the 91st New York Infantry transferred in and promoted to major
March 25
Watkins’ House

The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 17 wounded, and 2 missing

March 28-April 9
Appomattox Campaign

During the campaign t he regiment lost Lieutenant William Malcom and 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant James Smith and 36 enlisted men wounded, and 4 enlisted men captured or missing

March 29-30 On line of Hatcher’s and Gravelly Runs
March 31 Hatcher’s Run or Boydton Road and White Oak Road
April 2 Sutherland Station and Fall of Petersburg
April 6
Sailor’s Creek

Lieutenant William Malcom killed

April 7
High Bridge and Farmville

Lieutenant James Smith wounded

April 9
Appomattox Court House.

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April At Burkesville
May 2-12 March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
July 14 Mustered out under Colonel George W. Scott and Major Schaffer