The 143rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 143 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 150 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.
It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
|October 18||Organized at Wilkes-Barre under Colonel Edmund L. Dana.|
|November 7||Left State for Washington, D.C. and duty in the Washington Defenses attached to 1st Brigade, Defenses of Washington North of the Potomac|
|January 17||Ordered to Join 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac in the field|
|January – April||Duty at Belle Plains, Va.|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations at Pollock’s Mill Creek|
|May 2-5||Battle of Chancellorsville|
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
|July 1-3||Battle of Gettysburg
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Edmund L. Dana, who took over the brigade during the fighting. Lieutenant Colonel John D. Musser then took command of the regiment.
The 143rd brought 515 men to the field, losing 21 killed, 141 wounded and 91 missing.
From the monument along Chambersburg Road:
This monument marks right of first position July 1, 1863, facing north and second position facing west, which the Regiment held from 11:30 a.m. until First Corps fell back. Last position on Seminary Ridge right resting on railroad cut.
July 2 and 3. Regiment was in line on left centre and on the 3rd assisted in repulsing the final charge of the enemy.
The monument shows Sergeant Ben Crippen shaking his fist at advancing Confederates. Crippen was killed bearing the flag, and his body not recovered during the retreat through the town on July 1st. He is assumed to be one of the “unknowns” in the National Cemetery.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee|
|August – October||Duty at Bealeton Station|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 22-December 5||Guard at Manassas Junction|
|December||Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps|
|February 6-7||Demonstration on the Rapidan|
|February-May||Duty near Culpeper|
|March||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps|
|May 4-June 12||Rapidan Campaign|
|May 5-7||Battles of the Wilderness|
|May 8||Laurel Hill|
|May 12-21||Spottsylvania Court House|
|May 12||Assault on the Salient|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 25||Jericho Ford|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
|June 1-12||Cold Harbor|
|June 1-3||Bethesda Church|
|June||Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps|
|June 16-18||Before Petersburg|
|June 16||Siege of Petersburg|
|July 30||Mine Explosion (Reserve)|
|August 18-21||Weldon Railroad|
|September||Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps|
|October 27-28||Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run|
|December 7-12||Warren’s Raid to Weldon Railroad|
|February 5-7||Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run|
|February 10||Ordered to Hart’s Island, New York Harbor, Dept. of the East. Assigned to duty guarding prison camp and escorting recruits and convalescents to the front|
|June 12||Mustered out|