The 14th Connecticut Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 17 officers and 188 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 191 enlisted men by disease during the Civil War. The 14th sustained the largest percentage of loss of any regiment from Connecticut.
The regiment is honored by a monument at Gettysburg and another at Antietam. From the Gettysburg monument: “Lost in killed and died in the service, 366; in wounded and disabled many hundreds. Original muster 1015; recruits 697, final muster of original members, present and absent, 234”
|Organized at Camp Foote near Hartford|
|August 23||Mustered in under the command of Colonel Dwight Morris|
|August 25||Left State for Washington, D.C. and camp at Arlington, Va.|
|Aug. 29||Forced marched to Fort Ethan Allen near Chain Bridge|
|September 7-8||Moved to Rockville, Md.; Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
The regiment was commanded by Lt. Colonel Sanford H. Perkins while Colonel Morris commanded the brigade. It lost 20 killed, 98 wounded, and 48 missing.
From the momnument at Antietam:
Advanced to this point in a charge about 9:30 A.M., September 17th, 1862, then fell back eighty-eight yards to a cornfield fence and held position heavily engaged nearly two hours; then was sent to the support of the first brigade of its division at the Roulette Lane two hours; then was sent to the extreme left of the first division of this Corps to the support of Brooke’s Brigade and at 5 P.M. was placed in support between the Brigades of Caldwell and Meagher of that Division, overlooking “Bloody Lane”, holding position there until 10 A.M. of the 18th when relieved.
This monument stands on the line of Companies B and G near the left of the Regiment. In this battle the Regiment lost 38 killed and mortally wounded, 88 wounded and 21 reported missing.
From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield:
Morris’ Brigade relieved Weber’s and took position on the rise of ground just north of the Bloody Lane; the 108th New York east of Roulette’s Lane, the 14th Connecticut and 130th Pennsylvania west of it. Here supported and afterwards reinforced by Kimball’s Brigade, it maintained a severe contest, losing heavily in killed and wounded. In the latter part of the engagement, the 14th Connecticut was sent to reinforce Richardson’s Division on the left.
|September 22||Moved to Bolivar Heights near Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.|
|October 16-17||Reconnaissance to Charlestown|
|October 30 – November 17||Advance up Loudon Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.|
|November 18||Sent with brigade to Belle Plaine for guard and fatigue duty|
|December 6||Rejoined the division at Falmouth|
|December 12-15||Crossed into the city of Fredericksburg|
Battle of Fredericksburg
Assaulted the stone wall at the foot of Marye’s Hill. Lt. Colonel Perkins and Major Clark were disabled for further servce, and the regiment lost 11 killed, 87 wounded, and 22 missing.
|December 15||Let Fredericksburg for camp at Falmouth|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|May 6||Returned to camp at Falmouth|
|June 11||Gettysburg Campaign|
The regiment was commanded by Major Theodore G. Ellis. It brought 200 men to Gettysburg, of whom 10 were killed, 52 wounded, and 4 were missing. The 14th captured the colors of both the 1st and 14th Tennessee Infantry at the height of Pickett’s Charge, as those units made it to the Union line north of The Angle.
From the monument at Gettysburg:
The 14th C.V. reached the vicinity of Gettysburg at evening July 1st, 1863, and held this position July 2nd, 3rd and 4th. The regt. took part in the repulse of Longstreet’s grand charge on the 3rd, capturing in their immediate front more than 200 prisoners and five battle-flags. They also, on the 3rd, captured from the enemy’s sharp-shooters the Bliss buildings in their far front, and held them until ordered to burn them. Men in action 160, killed and wounded 62.
|July 6||Pusuit of Lee|
|July 14||Falling Waters|
|July 15||Moved via Harpers Ferry and Loudon Valley to Catlett’s Station, Virginia|
|August 6||First reinforcement of recruits, conscripts and substitutes|
|August 25||Original state flag, too tattered by battle damage to unfurl, was replaced by state|
|August 31 – September 3||Expedition to Harwood Church|
|September 13-17||Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan via Culpepper and Cedar Mountain|
|September 18||Two deserters from the recent reinforcement of substitutes were shot for desertion in the presence of the division|
|October 9-22||Bristoe campaign|
|October 14||Action at Auburn and Bristoe Station|
|October 17||Skirmish at Blackburn’s Ford|
|October 23||At Warrenton|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 10||Near Stevensburg, Va.|
|November 26 – December 2||Mine Run Campaign|
|December 2||Returned to camp near Stevensburg|
|December 29||Winter quarters at Stony Mountain|
|February 6-7||Demonstration on the Rapidan, Battle of Morton’s Ford. Under Lt. Colonel Samuel A. Moore the regiment forded the icy river under fire of artillery and infantry, followed by a nightime hand-to-hand fight, losing 6 killed, 90 wounded, and 19 missing|
|March||Became part of 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps|
|April||At Stevensburg, Va.|
|May-June.||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James|
|May 4||Crossed the Rapidan|
|May 8||Laurel Hill|
|May 12||Assault on the Salient, Spotsylvania Court House|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 26-28||Line of the Pamunkey|
|June 14||Crossed James River|
|June 15-18||First Assault on Petersburg|
|June 16||Siege of Petersburg begins|
|June 22-23||Jerusalem Plank Road|
|June 27-29||Demonstration on north side of the James River at Prince George Court House|
|July 26-28||Expedition to Deep Bottom|
|August 12-21||Strawberry Plains, Second expedition to Deep Bottom|
|August 24||Raid and destruction of Weldon Railroad|
The regiment was under fire from three directions, and fought for some time from both sides of their breastworks.
|September 15 – 24||Expedition to Prince George Courthouse|
|October 27-29||Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run|
|November||Duty at Fort McGilvery|
|November 29||Moved left to relieve Ninth Corps|
|December 6||Moved left to to relieve 5th Corps|
|December 13||Encamped near Fort Clark. The regiment by this time was reduced to 180 men fit for duty, and was armed with Sharps rifles.|
|February 5-7||Dabney’s Mills|
|March 25||Watkins’ House – demonstration on left of Second Corps line , capturing the enemy’s work and about 70 prisoners.|
|March 31||Crow’s House|
|April 2||Assault on and fall of Petersburg|
|April 6||Sailor’s Creek|
|April 7||High Bridge and Farmville|
Appomattox C. H.
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|April 14 – May 2||At Burkesville, guarding captured stores|
|May 2-15||Moved to Washington, D.C. The regiment led the 2nd Corps in its march through Richmond.|
|May 21||Old members mustered out|
|May 23||Grand review|
|May 30||Mustered out. Veterans and recruits transferred to 2nd Connecticut Heavy Artillery|
|June 1||Began journey home|
|June 3||Regiment reaches Hartford|