United States Regiments & Batteries > Iowa

The 22nd Iowa Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 6 officers and 108 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 135 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

According to the careful records of Captain Samuel D. Pryce, the regiment “traveled by land and water over 8,000 miles, participated in eight general engagements, two sieges and numerous skirmishes, and five great campaigns, in the states of Missouri, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas and Virginia.”

Organized at Camp Pope near Iowa City.
September 9, 1862 Mustered in for three years Federal service under the command of Colonel William M. Stone (formerly major in the 3rd Ohio Infantry Regiment), Lieutenant Colonel John A. Garrett,  Major Harvey Graham and Adjutant John B. Atherton.Company A, Captain Charles N. Lee
Company B, Captain John Henry Gearkee
Company C, Captain Isaac V. Dennis
Company D, Captain Robert M. Wilson
Company E, Captain Hiram C. Humbert
Company F, Captain Alfred B. Cree
Company G, Captain Adam T. Ault
Company H, Captain John C. Shrader
Company I, Captain James Robertson
Company K, Captain George W. Clark
September 14-18 Moved by rail to Davenport, Iowa and then by steamboat to St. Louis, Missouri, where it was equipped for service.
September 17 Lieutenant Colonel John A. Garrett was prmoted to colonel of the 40th Iowa Infantry Regiment. Major Harvey Graham was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Adjutant John B. Atherton was promoted to major.
September 22-23 To Rolla, Mo. Garrison duty at Rolla attached to District of Rolla, Dept. of Missouri
January 27-
February 2
Moved to West Plains, Missouri.
February 9-26 Marched to Eminence, thence to Iron Mountain, Missouri. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Army of Southeast Missouri
March 9-12 Marched to St. Genevieve, Missouri.
March 22-27 Moved to Milliken’s Bend, Louisiana on the transport Black Hawk. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 14th Division, 13th Army Corps, Department of Tennessee under the command of Colonel C.L. Harris of the 11th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment.
April 25-30 Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf. Colonel Stone took command of the brigade as Colonel Harris was sick. Major Atherton took command of the regiment.
April 30 Anderson’s Hill
May 1
Battle of Port Gibson
May 2-3 Bayou Piertie
May 16
Battle of Champion’s Hill

The regiment was in reserve until the end of the battle, when it was order the pursue the retreating Confederates.

May 17
Big Black River
May 18-July 4

Siege of Vicksburg

May 19
Assault on Vicksburg
May 22
Assault on Vicksburg

The regiment was the only Union unit to breach the defenses at the Railroad Redoubt. The regiment suffered 27 men killed, 118 wounded and 19 captured, the heaviest loss of any regiment in the attack. Captain James Robertson of Company I and Lieutenant Matthew A. Robb of Company D were killed. Color bearer David Jordan was killed while planting the colors on the parapet.

Colonel William M. Stone was wounded, Major Atherton was lightly wounded and Captain John H. Gearkee and Lieutenant John Remic, of Company B, and Lieutenant L. F. Mullins of Company C, were badly wounded. Lieutenant Colonel Graham was taken prisoner. Sergeant Leonidas M. Godley of Company E earned the Medal of Honor for “extraordinary heroism.”

June 8 Major John B. Atherton resigned.
July 5-10 Advance on Jackson, Miss. attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. Tennessee
July 10-17
Siege of Jackson

Colonel Stone rejoined the regiment, having partially recovered from his wound.

August 13 Colonel William Stone resigned to return to Iowa after having been elected Governor by a large margin.
August 13 Ordered to Department of the Gulf. Moved on the transport Baltic to Carrollton, just north of New Orleans.
August Duty at Carrollton, Brashear City and Berwick.
October 3-
November 17

Western Louisiana Campaign

September Expedition to New Iberia. Moved to New Orleans. Surplus baggage was stored and the men were reviewed by Generals Grant and Banks.
September 5 Moved by transport to Algiers, then by rail to Bayou Boeff
September 11 Marched to Brashear City, on Berwick Bay.
September 25 Went into camp near abandoned town of Berwick.
October 2-10 Marched through through Iberia, Franklin and St. Martinsville to Vermillion, then persued Confederate forces as far as Opelousas.
November 10 Returned to Berwick.
November 17-23 Moved to Brazos Santiago, Texas.
November 27-30 Arrived off Mustang Island.
December 1 Occupied Fort Esperanza after the enemy blew up the magazines and withdrew. Duty at DeCrow’s Point
January 3 Moved to Indianola and went into winter quarters.
February 11 Affair at Lamar (Detachment)
February-March At Matagorda Island attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Corps, Dept. Gulf
March 24 Affair Corpus Christi (Detachment). Colonel Graham was ordered to Iowa on recruiting service, and Major Huston of the 23rd Iowa Infntry temporarily took command of the regiment.
April 27 Ordered to join Banks’ Red River Expedition. Captain Gearkee and the left wing of the regiment moved to New Orleans
April 29 The right wing of the regiment followed under Major White, arriving on May 1.
May 1 Lieutenant Colonel Harvey Graham was promoted to colonel. Major White was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain John Gearkee of Company B was promoted to major.
May 4-6 The left wing of the regiment accompanied the 23rd Iowa Infantry Regiment upriver, arriving at Fort DeRussy.
May 15 Moved to Simsport on the Atchafalaya River.
May 16 Crossed the river on transports.
June 10 Moved to Baton Rouge, Louisiana and duty there.
July 6 Moved to New Orleans and went into camp at Algiers.
July 17-25 Moved to Fort Monroe, Virginia on the steamer Cahawba, then to City Point, Virginia.
July Duty at Bermuda Hundred and on north side of the James at Deep Bottom temporarily attached to General Terry’s division.
July 30-August 1 Moved to Washington, D. C.
August 2 Marched to Tennallytown, D. C. and went into camp on Georgetown Heights.
August 14

Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign

Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 19th Army Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division.

August 14-18. Marched to join Sheridan’s army near Cedar Creek via Dranesville, Leesburg and Hamilton, through Snickers Gap in the Blue Ridge, waded the Shenandoah River at the foot of the mountain at midnight, and arrived at Berryville, ten miles from Winchester at daylight on the 18th.
August 19-September 17 Withdrew by stages to defensive positions at Halltown and skirmished with the enemy.
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan)

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Graham. It was on the left of the brigade, which was on the far left flank of the 19th Corps. The corps advanced across a mile of open ground and engaged the enemy, who were behind a stone wall, for nearly an hour. When the Federal Sixth Corps began to fall back on the left General Grove ordered the 19th Corps to fall back as well.

The Confederates pursued, and the 19th Corps rallied and countercharged. They drove the Confederates back to the ciry, where they tried to make a stand but broke and retreated south. The regiment lost 109 casualties.

September 22
Fisher’s Hill

The regiment overran a line of rifle pits, then later in the afternoon attcked the main enemy works across rocky and irregular ground. It lost only four men wounded due to the terrain. The regiment then led the pursuit, fighting skirmished and taking hundreds of prisoners over a distance of fifteen miles. This continued through Harrisonburg and to Mount Crawford, at which point the pursuit was called off and the regiment fell back to Harrisonburg.

October 6 Withdrew from Harrisonburg to Cedar Creek and set up a fortified camp.
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

When the Confederate surprise attack began the regiment was sent to the support of a batter of artillery, but the battery was overrun before the regiment could arrive. Forced to fall back, the regiment rallied four times and kept its organization as it fell back about three miles until General Sherman arrived on the field. The 22nd Iowa then took part in the successful counterattack that broke Early’s army and drove them from the field. The regiment lost 77 men casualties.

October-December Duty at Kernstown, Winchester and in the Shenandoah Valley
January 5-22 Moved by rail to Baltomore and then by ship to Savannah, Ga. Attached to 2nd Brigade, Grover’s Division, District of Savannah, Ga., Department of the South
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 10th Army Corps, Army Ohio
April 11 Moved to Newberne and Morehead City, N. C., thence to Augusta, Ga. Duty there and at Savannah, Ga.
July 25 Mustered out at Savannah, Ga., and left by train for Davenport, Iowa the next day.