United States Regiments & Batteries > Maine


The 10th Maine Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 74 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 53 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
October 4 Organized at Portland and mustered in under Colonel George L. Beale, who had served as a captain in the 1st Maine Infantry, and Lt. Colonel James S. Fillebrown
October 6 Left Portland for Baltimore, Maryland. Attached to Dix’s Division at Baltimore.
November 4 At Relay House attached to the Railroad Brigade, Army of the Potomac.
November 27 At Baltimore
1862
February 27 Guard duty by detachments along Baltimore & Ohio Railroad between Martinsburg and Charleston, W. Va.
March 28 Attached to Middle Department, Railroad Brigade.
Company A at Opequan Bridge
Comany B at Martinsburg
Company C at Van Obeiseville
Companies D & F at Harper’s Ferry
Company E at Halitown
Companies G & I at Charleston
Company H at Duffield’s
Company K at Kearneysville
April, 1862 Attached to 1st Brigade, Williams’ 1st Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah
May 9 Companies D, E, F, G and I moved to Winchester
May 24 Companies A, B, C, H and K moved to Winchester
May 15-June 17 Operations in Shenandoah Valley
May 24 Middletown
May 25 Winchester
May 25-27 Retreat to Williamsport
May 28 Reconnaissance toward Martinsburg
June Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia.
June 29-30 Reconnaissance to Luray Court House
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 16 –
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia. Guarded trains during Bull Run Battles.
September Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Colonel Beale was wounded in both legs. His mortally wounded horse kicked Lieutenant Colonel Fillebrown in the stomach so hard he was disabled for three days. With Major Walker absent due to illness the regiment was without its field officers for most of the battle but it performed well, charging the 20th Georgia and capturing a number of its officers and men. After the regiment expended its ammunition General Greene ordered it to retire.

From the War Department marker to Crawford’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Crawford’s Brigade advanced from Line’s farm at daybreak, on the right of Williams’ Division. The 124th Pennsylvania was detached and supported Magilton’s Brigade of Meade’s Division in its engagement on the north edge of the Cornfield. In its deployment the Brigade moved to the left in support of Ricketts’ Division, a part of which it relieved at this point, and occupied the northeast corner of the Cornfield and a part of the East Woods, where it was heavily engaged. Upon the turning of the Confederate flank by Greene’s Division, the 125th Pennsylvania advanced across the fields north of the Smoketown Road and penetrated the woods around the Dunkard Church. The Brigade supported Sedgwick’s Division in its advance and, later in the day, formed in support of the Sixth Corps.

October 3 –
December 10
Duty at Berlin, Md.
December 10-14 March to Fairfax Station and duty there
1863
January 19-23 March to Stafford Court House and duty there
April 27 Ordered to rear for muster out
May 8 Old members mustered out.
April 26 Three-year men were formed into a Battalion of three Companies and assigned to duty at Headquarters 12th Army Corps.
April 27 – May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville
June 13-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded at Gettysburg by Captain John D. Beardsley, the battalion was assigned to provost guard duty and had no casualties among its 170 men.

August 1 –
September 24
Along the Rapidan
September 24 –
October 2
Moved to Nashville, Tenn.
October 5 To Murfreesboro, Tenn. then to Shelbyville and Wartrace
October 26-29 Reopening Tennessee River
November 1 Transferred to 29th Maine Infantry, which was being recruited by Colonel Beale.