United States Regiments & Batteries > Maryland

The 1st Regiment Eastern Shore Maryland Volunteer Infantry lost 9 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 52 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument on Culp’s Hill at Gettysburg.

September Organized at Cambridge, Md. as a home guard regiment
September-November Attached to Dix’s Division, Army of the Potomac and duty at Baltimore, Md.
November 14-23 Expedition to Accomac and Northampton counties
March Attached to Middle Department, District of the Eastern Shore
August 16 Company A mustered out by order of the War Department
January Attached to 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps
June Attached to Lockwood’s Brigade, 8th Army Corps
June 25 – July 2 Moved with Lockwood to Gettysburg. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac.
July, 1863 When the regiment was ordered to Baltimore to join the Army of the Potomac, Company K, raised in strongly pro-southern Somerset and Worcester counties, reminded the government of their terms of service as a home guard regiment and refused to go. On July 2nd, as their comrades were taking positions on Culp’s Hill, sixty-seven members of those companies were disarmed, dishonorably discharged and given train fare back to Salisbury.
July 2-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel James Wallace. It brought 583 men to the field, losing 5 killed, 18 wounded and 2 missing.

From the monument on Culp’s Hill:

Five companies held the works in front of this stone wall on the morning of July 3, 1863, relieving other troops and remaining until about noon when they were relieved. The remainder of the regiment were in position during the same time about three hundred yards to the right.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
July Attached to 2nd Brigade, Maryland Heights, Division West Virginia
July 17 to
October 5
Duty at Maryland Heights, W. Va.
October Ordered to the Eastern Shore of Maryland and duty there attached to 3rd Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps
June Attached to 1st Separate Brigade, 8th Army Corps
September Attached to Reserve Division, Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.
February 23 Regiment consolidated with 11th Maryland Infantry