United States Regiments & Batteries > Maryland

The 2nd Maryland Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 84 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 134 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Antietam.

June to September Organized at Baltimore, Maryland under Colonal John Sommer and Lieutenant Colonel Jacob E. Duryée
September Duty at Baltimore, Md. Attached to Dix’s Division, Army of the Potomac
March Ordered to North Carolina. Duty at Roanoke Island, N. C. attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of North Carolina
April 19 Battle of Camden South Mills
April 20 Colonel Sommer resigned. He had been arrested and placed in confinement by Brigadier General Jesse Reno for disobedience of orders. Sommer would go on to serve as a captain in the 2nd Maryland Cavalry for six months and was honorably discharged.
May 15 Skirmish at Young’s Cross Roads
June 26 Thomas B. Allard, former lieutenant colonel of the Baltimore Light Infantry, was appointed colonel of the 2nd Maryland
June 18-July 2 Expedition to New Berne
July 6-10 Moved to Newport News, Va. and attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
August 2-7 To Aquia Creek and Fredericksburg
August 16 –
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 28
Battle of Groveton
August 29-30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September 1
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 14
Battle of South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded at Antietam by Lieutenant Colonel J. Eugene Duryée.

From the monument near Burnside’s Bridge at Antietam:

At 9:30 A.M. advanced on the stone bridge defended by Toombs’ Brigade and two batteries on the high ground beyond. Charged to within 100 yards of the bridge when, checked by the severity of the enemy’s fire, it took shelter along the bank of the stream and was engaged until 1:30 P.M. The Bridge being carried, it crossed to the hills and the battle beyond. Engaged, 187 men, loss-18 killed, 46 wounded, 3 missing

From the War Department marker at Burnside’s Bridge on the Antietam battlefield:

At daylight of the 17th Nagle’s Brigade was about a half mile northeast of this point. It moved to the south and, at 10 A.M., was formed for assault on the bridge. The 2nd Maryland took position in the old lane 110 yards southeast of this point, and the remainder of the Brigade under cover of the hill and in rear of the 2nd Maryland. At 11 A.M. the 2nd Maryland, closely followed by the 6th New Hampshire, both moving by the flank, charged down the hill under a heavy fire of artillery and musketry. They passed through the opening in the fence at this point and reached within 250 feet of the bridge, when their advance was checked. Many of the men took shelter behind the fences and trees bordering the stream, and supported Ferrero’s Brigade in its successful assault. The Brigade then crossed the bridge, filed to the left, and occupied the high ground beyond. Late in the day it moved forward and co-operated in checking the advance of the right of A.P. Hill’s Division.

From the War Department marker along Branch Avenue on the Antietam battlefield:

The Brigade assisted in carrying the Burnside Bridge, and crossed it soon after 1 P.M. After the repulse of the three Divisions of Willcox, Scammon and Rodman later in the day Ferrero’s and Nagle’s Brigades advanced to the crest of the ridge about 420 yards east of this to check Confederate pursuit. The 48th Pennsylvania supported and relieved the 51st Pennsylvania, engaging the Confederates posted on this line and behind the stone walls right and left of this point. The engagement continued into the night, and the Regiment and Brigade bivouacked on the ground on which they had fought.

September 17 Stone Bridge
September –
Duty in Pleasant Valley
September 22 March to Knoxville, Tenn.
October 27 –
November 19
Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
January 20-24 Burnside’s 2nd Campaign (“Mud March”)
February 11 Moved to Newport News
March 26-
April 1
To Lexington, Ky.
April Duty at Frankfort, Ky. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Ohio. Colonel Allard was appointed to command of the Post of Frankfort, Kentucky.
June Detached to 1st Division, 23rd Army Corps, Army of the Ohio
September 10 Rejoined Corps
September 12-20 Lieutenant Colonel J. Eugene Duryée resigned
October 6 Captain Benjamin F. Taylor was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
October 10 Action at Blue Springs
October Operations in East Tennessee attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Ohio. Colonel Allard commanded the brigade as senior colonel.
November 4-December 23 Knoxville Campaign
November 15 Loudon
November 16 Campbell’s Station
November 17-December 4
Siege of Knoxville

Colonel Allard returned to regimental command.

November 29 Repulse of Longstreet’s assault on Fort Saunders
December 5-29 Pursuit of Longstreet
January Duty in East Tennessee attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Ohio
January 19 Colonel Allard resigned
March 30-
April 7
Moved to Annapolis, Md. and attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
April Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps
May 4-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 10 Po River
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 5 Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps
June 16-18
First Assault on Petersburg
June 16 Siege of Petersburg begins
July 10 Benjamin F. Taylor was promoted to colonel but never mustered.
July 30
Mine Explosion, Petersburg
August 18-21 Weldon Railroad
September 29-October 2 Poplar Springs Church
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
March 25
Fort Stedman, Petersburg
March 28-
April 9
Appomattox Campaign
April 2
Fall of Petersburg

Colonel Taylor was wounded by a shell in the left heel and ankle.

April 4-10 March to Farmville
April 20-24 March to City Point
April 24-28 Moved to Alexandria
May 23 Grand Review
June Duty in the Department of Washington
July 7 Mustered out