United States Regiments & Batteries > Massachusetts > 5th Massachusetts Battery

The battery lost 30 men during the Civil War: 1 officer and 18 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 11 enlisted men to disease. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

December 10 5th Massachusetts Battery was organized at Lynnfield and Reedville and mustered in
December 25-27 Moved to Washington, D.C. and attached to Porter’s Division, Army of the Potomac; duty at Capitol Hill, Defenses of Washington, D.C.
February 15 At Hall’s Hill
March 18 Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 3rd Corps, Army Potomac
March 18-24

Peninsula Campaign

Moved to Alexandria and Fortress Monroe, Va.

April 5 Warwick Road
April 3-May 4

Siege of Yorktown

May Attached to Artillery, 1st Division, 5th Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 27 Hanover Court House
May 27-29 Operations about Hanover Court House
June 25-July 1

Seven days before Richmond

June 26

Battle of Mechanicsville

June 27

Battle of Gaines’ Mill

June 30

Battle of White Oak Swamp and Turkey Bridge

July 1

Battle of Malvern Hill

July 2 – August 16 At Harrison’s Landing
August 15-28 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Manassas
August 30

Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas)

October 8 Duty in the Defenses of Washington
October 9 – 30 At Sharpsburg, Maryland
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Smithfield
October 16-17 Kearneysville and Shephardstown
October 30 – November 19 Movement to Warrenton and Falmouth, Va.
December 11-15

Battle of Fredericksburg

January 20-24
“Mud March”
April 27-May 6

Chancellorsville Campaign

May 1-5

Battle of Chancellorsville

June Assigned to the 1st Volunteer Brigade, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac
July 2-4

Battle of Gettysburg

The battery was commanded at Gettysburg by Captain Charles A. Philips. It brought 104 men to the field serving 6 Ordnance Rifles. it was temporarily combined with the 10th New York independent Battery due to casualties from Chancellorsville.

From the monument at Gettysburg:

July 2. Withdrew at 5 p.m. from the field near the Peach Orchard and went into battery here.

July 3. About 1:30 by order of Brig. Gen. H.J. Hunt fired on the Confederate batteries but did little damage. Opened an enfilading fire soon after on Longstreet’s advancing line of infantry and assisted in repulsing the assault. A charge was made within the range of the battery immediately afterwards by the Florida brigade and at about the same time a Confederate battery opened on the left front which at once received the concentrated fire of the batteries of the brigade driving the cannoneers from their guns which they abandoned.

July 4. Remained in this position until afternoon.

July Assigned to the Artillery Brigade, 5th Corps
July 31-August 1 Kelly’s Ford
August 1-3 Brandy Station
August – October At Beverly Ford and Culpeper C. H.
October 9-22

Bristoe Campaign

November 7-8 Advance to the Rappahannock
November 7

Rappahannock Station

November 26- December 2

Mine Run Campaign

December 6 At Rappahannock Station
May 3-June 12

Rapidan Campaign

May 5-7

Battle of the Wilderness

May 8

Battle of Laurel Hill

May 8-21

Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

May 12

Assault on the Salient

May 23-26

North Anna River

May 23 Jericho Mills
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31


June 1-12

Battle of Cold Harbor

June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 16-19

First Assault on Petersburg

June 16

Siege of Petersburg

August 18-21

Six Mile House, Weldon Railroad

October 3 Non-Veterans were mustered out
October 27-28
Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
December 7-12
Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad
February 5-7

Dabney’s Mills

March 28-April 9

Appomattox Campaign

April 2

Fall of Petersburg

April 4 Moved to City Point and duty there
May 3-13 March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June 4-6 Moved to Readville, Mass.
June 12 The 5th Massachusetts Battery mustered out