United States Regiments & Batteries > Minnesota


1861
November 23 – March 17 Organized at St. Paul, Minn.
1862
March 20 Mustered in
April 21-26 Moved to Washington, D.C.
May 3-5 To Virginia Peninsula
May 24 New Bridge
May 30 Attached to 1st U. S. Sharpshooters as Company I
May 27-29 Operations about Hanover Court House
June 3 Assigned to 1st Minnesota Infantry until November 23, 1863
June 25-July 1 Seven days before Richmond
June 29 Peach Orchard, Allen’s Farm and Savage Station
June 30 White Oak swamp and Glendale
July 1 & August 5 Malvern Hill
August 16 At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-28 Moved to Alexandria, then march to Centerville
August 30 Cover Pope’s retreat to Washington
September 1-2 Near Chantilly and Flint River
September 2 Vienna
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 14 Battles of South Mountain
September 16-17
Antietam
September 22 March to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va., and duty there
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charlestown
October 30-
November 17
March up Loudon Valley and to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg
At Falmouth
1863
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations about Franklin’s Crossing
May 3
Battle of Maryes Heights (Second Fredericksburg)
May 3-4 Salem Heights
May 4 Banks’ Ford
June 12-July 24 Gettysburg (Pa.) Campaign
June 25 Haymarket
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment entered the field 420 strong, of whom 32 men (Company L) were serving as skirmishers and 56 men (Company C) were detached to the division during the famous charge. Fifty men were killed, 173 wounded and 1 missing.

Colonel William Colville led the men into action and was wounded during the charge on July 2nd. Captain Nathan Messick took over command only to be killed the next day during the repulse of Pickett’s Charge. He was followed in command by Captain Wilson B. Farrell, also killed at this time, and finally by Captain Henry C. Coates.

From the main monument at Gettysburg:

On the afternoon of July 2, 1863 Sickles Third Corps having advanced from this line to the Emmitsburg road eight companies of the First Minnesota regiment numbering 262 men were sent to this place to support a battery. Upon Sickles’ repulse as his men were passing here in confused retreat two Confederate brigades in pursuit were crossing the swale.To gain time to bring up the reserves and save this position General Hancock in person ordered the eight companies to charge the rapidly advancing enemy. The order was instantly repeated by Col. Wm. Colville and the charge instantly made down the slope at full speed through the concentrate fire of the two brigades breaking with the bayonet the enemy’s front line as it was crossing the small brook in the low ground. There the remnant of the eight companies nearly surrounded by the enemy held its entire force at bay for a considerable timeand till it retired on the approach of the reserve the charge successfully accomplished its object. It saved the position and probably the battlefield. The loss of the eight companies in the charge was 215 killed and wounded, more than 85 percent. 47 men were still in line and no missing. In self-sacrificing desperate valor this charge has no parallel in any war. The next day the regiment participated in repelling Pickett’s charge losing 17 more men killed and wounded.

From the smaller monument:

On July 3d, 1863 the survivors of this regiment aided here in repelling Picketts Charge and ran hence to the aid of Webb’s Brigade taking a conspicuous part in the counter-charge which successfully ended the conflict. Losing then17 additional killed and wounded and capturing a Confederate flag. There Captains Nathan S. Messick and Wilson B. Farrel successively commanding the regiment were killed. Total killed and wounded in the battle 232 out of 330 engaged.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
July 31-August 15 At Kelly’s Ford, Va.
August 15-
September 16
Detached for duty in New York during draft disturbances
September 16 Rejoined Brigade near Culpeper
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Bristoe Station
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
At Kelly’s Ford
November 23 Detailed as provost guard at Headquarters of 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps.
November 26-
December 2
Mine Run Campaign
December – May Camp at Stevensburg, Va.
1864
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Spotsylvania Court House
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 16-18 Assaults on Petersburg
June 16 Siege of Petersburg begins
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 12-15 Moved to Petersburg, Va.
July 27-29 Demonstration north of the James
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
August 13-20 Demonstration north of the James
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains
August 25 Ream’s Station
October 27-29 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
December 7-11 Raid on Weldon Railroad
1865
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 19 Mustered out. Veterans transferred to 1st Minnesota Battalion Infantry.