“Van Buren Light Infantry”

The 102nd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 7 officers and 66 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 82 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg shared with the 78th New York Infantry.

1862
Organized at New York City.
March 10 Eight companies left the state for Washington, D. C. under the command of Colonel Thomas Van Buren, Lieutenant Colonel William B. Hayward and Major James C. Lane
March-April Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. Attached to Wadsworth’s Command, Military District of Washington
April 7 Companies I and K joined the regiment
May, 1862 Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va. and attached to Cooper’s 1st Brigade, Sigel’s Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah
May 28-30 Defense of Harper’s Ferry against Jackson’s attack
June – July Operations in the Shenandoah Valley assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
August Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

The regiment was commanded by Major Lane. It lost Captains Julius Spring and Arthur Cavanaugh and 21 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Colonel Avery and 6 other officers and 70 enlisted men wounded, and 1 officer and 14 men missing.

August 16-
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia. Guard trains during the campaign.
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign. Assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Lane. It lost Captain Eugene Cornell and 7 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 24 men wounded, and 5 men missing.

From the first War Department marker for Stainrook’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield, along Smoketown Road:

Stainrook’s Brigade, on the left of the Division, advancing in line south of the Smoketown Road, relieved the left of Crawford’s Brigade and engaged the Confederate Infantry in the East Woods.

Upon their retreat, the Brigade followed through the East Woods, across the open ground south of Mumma’s house to the ridge southeast of the Dunkard Church, where it was halted to replenish ammunition.

From the second War Department marker for Stainrook’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield, near the Dunker Church:

After the Confederate right flank had been turned, Stainrook’s Brigade pursued through the East Woods, crossed the fields to the left of the burned out buildings of the Mumma farm, and halted behind the ridge a few yards east of this point where with the assistance of Monroe’s and Tompkins’ Rhode Island Batteries, it protected the right of French’s Division of the Second Corps, and repulsed several assaults of the enemy. About 10:30 A. M. the Brigade crossed this road and entered the woods on the left of the Dunkard Church, its left on the road directly opposite this tablet where it remained until noon when it was compelled to retire to the East Woods.

From Lieutenant Colonel Lane’s Official Report of the 102nd New York at Antietam:

I have the honor to report that in the action of yesterday the One hundred and second New York State Volunteers entered the field for duty, according to orders, at 6.30 a. m., in common with the rest of the brigade; that we marched to the woods held by the rebels in close column by division, and that line of battle was formed by deployment of column. While the line was forming, under fire of sharpshooters of the enemy, Captain M. Eugene Cornell, of Company D of this regiment, fell, dead, at the front of his command while bringing them into line, being shot through the head. After line was formed we advanced in order, driving the rebel before us, this regiment going, however, to the left of the brigade, and, after passing through the woods, taking the left of the burning building in the field beyond. From this building our men pursued the enemy to the corn-field in advance, where the One hundred and second halted and commenced firing at a battery which was playing on the right of the brigade, just beyond the corn-field. This battery retired immediately after our opening fire upon it.

At this time I marched the regiment by the right flank to rejoin the brigade, which was in position behind the battery of Parrott guns, to the right of the corn-field. Soon after the brigade moved forward past the battery, and drove the enemy through the woods beyond. The One hundred and second, however, remained supporting the battery, by order of General Sumner’s aide. This battery retired after expending its ammunition, and was replaced by a battery of brass guns, which remained in position about twenty minutes, and returned, being threatened by a brigade of the enemy, the right of this brigade being out of ammunition and unsupported, retiring at the same time. The One hundred and second also retired, joining in with the rest of the brigade, and were reformed into line by the general commanding division (General Greene), at the rear of the woods behind the burning building. The brigade was here rested, and, after some two hours, was again marched one-half mile to the rear, and, after forming line, arms were stacked and ration given out.

September – November Duty at Bolivar Heights
October Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army Potomac
November 9 Reconnaissance to Rippon, W. Va.,
December 2-6 Expedition to Winchester
December 9-16 March to Fredericksburg, Va.
December 13 Colonel Van Buren was discharged.
December 14 Lieutenant Colonel Lane was promoted to colonel.
Late December At Fairfax Station
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
Frbeuary At Fairfax Station
March 10-April 4 Regiment detached in New York on special duty
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 1 officer and 13 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 34 men wounded, and 1 officer and 38 men missing.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Lane until he was wounded on July 2, when Captain Lewis R. Stegman took command. It lost Captain John Meade, Adjutant J.V. Upham and 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Colonel Lane and 15 men wounded, and 8 men missing out of 248 men engaged.

From the War Department marker for Greene’s Brigade on the Gettysburg battlefield:

July 1. Arrived about 5 P.M. and took position on the left of the First Corps on Cemetery ridge.

July 2. At 6 A.M. took position on Culp’s Hill on the right of the First Corps with Second Brigade on right. Breastworks were constructed. At 6.30 P.M. the First and Second Brigades were ordered to follow the First Division to support the left of the Army leaving the Brigade to occupy the entire Corps line. The 137th New York was moved into the position of the Second Brigade when the line was attacked by Major Gen. Johnson’s Division which made four distinct charges and at 8 P.M. occupied the works that the First Division had vacated but were successfully repulsed from the line held by the Brigade the 137th New Yorkhaving changed front to face the attack. The Brigade was reinforced by about 750 men from the First and Eleventh Corps.

July 3. At daylight Major Gen. Johnson having been reinforced advanced and a fierce engagement ensued for seven hours when after suffering great losses he was forced back from the entire line.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va
August-September Duty on line of the Rappahannock
September 24-
October 3
Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. and transfer to the Army of the Cumberland
October 26-29 Reopening Tennessee River
November Guarding railroad
November 23-27 Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign
November 23-24
Battle of Lookout Mountain

The regiment lost Major Gilbert M. Elliott killed and 1 other officer and 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, and Lieutenant Colonel E. Avery and 9 men wounded

November 25 Mission Ridge
November 27 Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge
December Duty in Lookout Valley
December 31 The regiment reenlisted and received Veteran furlough of 30 days
1864
March 3 Returned to the front at Stevenson, Alabama
April Assigned to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland
May 1-
September 8
Atlanta Campaign
May 8-11 Demonstrations on Rocky Faced Ridge
May 14-15
Battle of Resaca

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Lane and lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 10 men wounded.

May 19 Near Cassville
May 22-25 Advance on Dallas
May 25 New Hope Church
May 26-June 5
Battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills

The regiment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 15 men wounded, and 3 men missing.

June 10-July 2
Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain

The regiment lost 1 oficer and 12 men wounded

June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15-17 Lost Mountain
June 15 Gilgal or Golgotha Church
June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22 Kolb’s Farm
June 27 Assault on Kenesaw
July 4 Ruff’s Station, Smyrna Camp Ground
July 5-17 Chattahoochie River
July 12 78th New York Infantry consolidated into the regiment. Colonel Lane resigned due to illness, and Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Von Hammerstein was promoted to colonel. Lieutenant Colonel Harvey S. Chatfield of the 78th New York Infantry became lieutenant colonel of the 102nd.
July 19-20
Peach Tree Creek

The regiment lost 9 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 23 men wounded, and 1 officer and 19 men missing.

July 22 – August 25 Siege of Atlanta
August 26-
September 2
Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2-
November 15
Occupation of Atlanta
October 26-29 Expedition from Atlanta to Tuckum’s Cross Roads
November 9 Near Atlanta
November 15-December 10
March to the sea

The regiment lost 1 man mortally wounded, 1 officer and 13 men wounded and 1 man missing

November 28 Near Davidsboro
December 10-21 Siege of Savannah
1865
January – Apri
Campaign of the Carolinas

The regiment lost 1 man killed, 2 men wounded, and 1 officer and 14 men missing

January 7 Colonel Von Hammerstein was discharged and Lieutenant Colonel Harvey S. Chatfield was promoted to colonel.
March 19-21 Battle of Bentonville, N. C.
March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 9-13 Advance on Raleigh
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26 Bennett’s House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.
April 29-May 20 March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.
May 24 Grand Review
June Duty at Washington, D.C. assigned to 1st Brigade, Bartlett’s Division, 22nd Army Corps, Dept. of Washington
July 21 Mustered out under Colonel Harvey S. Chatfield, Lieutenant Colonel Oscar J. Spalding and Major Robert H. Wilbur at Alexandria, Virginia