“Leroy Regiment”

The 105th New York Infantry Regiment lost 2 officers and 43 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 45 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War.

1862
March 28 Organized at Leroy, N.Y. under Colonel James M. Fuller, Lieutenant Colonel Henry L. Achilles and Major John W. Shedd
April 4 Left State for Washington, D.C.
April Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to Duryea’s Brigade, Military District of Washington
May 11 Guard Orange & Alexandria Railroad assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock
May 28-June 1 Expedition to Front Royal, Va., to intercept Jackson
June 2 Picket duty on the Shenandoah and at Front Royal, Va. assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 3rd Corps, Pope’s Army of Virginia
June 10 Duty at Catlett’s Station, Warrenton and Waterloo
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

The regiment lost 1 officer and 7 enlisted men wounded.

August 16-
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia

The regiment lost 14 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 21 enlisted men wounded, and 39 men missing.

August 21-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 28 Thoroughfare Gap
August 29
Battle of Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run
September 1
Battle of Chantilly
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign. Assigned to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 14
Battle of South Mountain

The regiment lost 3 men killed or mortally wounded.

September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment lost 2 officers and 15 men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 46 men wounded and 9 men missing. Lieutenant Colonel Howard Carroll was mortally wounded and Major She’d was wounded in the left leg. Captain John C. Whiteside of Company A took command.

From the marker for Duryea’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Early in the morning Duryea’s Brigade moved from its bivouac in the Poffenberger Woods, on the Smoketown Road. Forming in column of Divisions it obliqued right until near J. Poffenberger’s when it marched south through the North Woods, passed the right of Hartsuff’s Brigade and between Pennsylvania Light Battery F (Matthews’) and Pennsylvania Light Battery C (Thompson’s), in position on the high ground between D. R. Miller’s and the East Woods. Arriving at the Cornfield fence the Brigade deployed and moved through the Cornfield to its south edge (75 yards distant) when it encountered the Confederate line, which was about 145 to 160 yards south of this. In less than a half hour the left of the Brigade was withdrawn, the right remained a few minutes longer when it fell back. Portions of the Brigade rallied and made another advance part way through the Cornfield, but fell back as Hartsuff’s Brigade came into action.

September-
October
Duty at Sharpsburg, Md.
October 6 Major Shedd was promoted to colonel.
October 30-
November 19
Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 6 men killed or mortally wounded, 5 officers and 52 men wounded, and 2 officers and 3 men missing

December At Falmouth and Belle Plains
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February At Falmouth and Belle Plains, commanded by Colonel Shedd
March 17 Consolidated with 94th Regiment New York Infantry as Companies F, G, H, I and K due to heavy casualties. Colonel Shedd was honorably discharged.