United States Regiments & Batteries > New YorkInfantry


“Albany And Yates’ Rifles”

The 43rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 13 officers and 110 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 120 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a little-seen monument at Gettysburg on “Lost Lane.”

1861
August -September Organized at Albany, N.Y. under Colonel Francis L. Vinton, Lt. Colonel Charles Pierson and Major Benjamin Baker
September 21 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to Hancock’s Brigade, W. F. Smith’s Division, Army of the Potomac for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.
October 1 Major Baker promoted to lieutenant colonel
1862
February 22 Expedition to Vienna and Flint Hill
March Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 10-15 Advance on Manassas, Va.
March 16 Moved to Alexandria then to Fortress Monroe, Va.
April 4-5 Advance on Yorktown
April 5-May 4 Siege of Yorktown
April 16 Lee’s Mills
April 28
Reconnaissance toward Lee’s Mills

The regiment lost 1 officer killed and Captain Charles Miliken and 4 enlisted men wounded

May 5 Battle of Williamsburg
May 6 – 18 Duty at White House. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps
May Picket duty near Richmond
June 25-July 1
Seven days before Richmond

The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 37 enlisted men wounded, and 28 missing or captured

June 27 Garnett’s Farm
June 28 Garnett’s and Golding’s Farms
June 30 White Oak Swamp
July 1 Malvern Hill
July 15 Lt. Colonel Pierson discharged
July 17 Captain John Wilson of Company A promoted to major
July-August
At Harrison’s Landing

The regiment consolidated to a battalion of five companies. Five new companies were recruited in New York that would join in October

August 16-28 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
August 28-31 In works at Centreville
September 1 Cover Pope’s retreat to Fairfax Court House
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 10-11 Sugar Loaf Mountain
September 14 Crampton’s Gap, South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Commanded by Major Wilson, the battalion was in reserve and lost 1 enlisted man wounded.

From the War Department marker for Smith’s Division on the Antietam battlefield:

Smith’s Division left camp between Crampton’s Pass and Rohrersville in Pleasant Valley at 5:30 A.M. of the 17th, crossed the Antietam at Pry’s Ford and arrived at the front about noon. Hancock’s Brigade was put in position on the left of Sedgwick’s Division of the Second Corps, its right near the Poffenberger Lane, its left extending in front of and parallel to the East Woods, Irwin’s Brigade advancing took cover behind the ridge south of the Smoketown Road and in front of the Church… The Division remained in position with some slight changes until the morning of the 19th, when it advanced and ascertained that the Confederates had recrossed the Potomac.

September 19 Colonel Vinton promoted to brigadier general
September 24 Lieutenant Colonel Baker promoted to colonel, Major Wilson to lieutenant colonel and Captain John Fryer of Company A to major
September-October Duty at Hagerstown, Md. Five new companies joined the regiment in October, returning it to regimental strength.
October 30-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment lost 11 enlisted men wounded and 1 missing

1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
January 26 Attached to Light Division, 6th Army Corps
February-April At Falmouth
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 2 Operations about Franklin’s Crossing. attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
May 3 Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
May 3-4
Marye’s Heights and Salem Church

Captains Hugh Knickerbocker and Douglas Lodge, Lieutenant George Krontz and 17 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 46 enlisted men were wounded, and 7 officers and 129 enlisted men captured.Three cannon from the Confederate Washington Artillery of New Orleans were captured by the regiment.

May 4 Banks’ Ford
June 5-13 Operation at Franklin’s Crossing
July 2-4
Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John Wilson. It brought 403 men to the field, losing Captain William H. Gilfillan and 1 enlisted man killed, 2 enlisted men wounded and 1 missing.

From the monument

Arrived on field 4 p.m. July 2d 1863. Held this position from the morning of July 3d until the close of battle.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August Duty on line of the Rappahannock
October 9-22
Bristoe Campaign

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men wounded and 1 missing

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7
Rappahannock Station

The regiment lost 5 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 5 wounded, and 1 missing

November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
December Duty near Brandy Station
1864
February 1 Colonel Baker resigns
March 15 Lt. Colonel Wilson promoted to colonel but not mustered
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

Colonel Wilson, Lt. Colonel Fryer, Major Wallace, Lieutenants Theodore Bailey and David Meade and 38 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenants John Cavanaugh, Edward Goodyear, James McNamera, Richard Reed, William Rogers, William Thompson, John Wilkinson and 87 enlisted men wounded, and Lieutenants William Blasie and Henry Schutter and 59 enlisted men missing or captured

May 8-21
Spotsylvania Court House

The regiment was one of twelve picked battalions in General Upton’s charge. It lost Captain David Burhans and 9 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Captain Charles Milliken, Lieutenant Thomas Lynch, 1 other officer and 32 enlisted men wounded, and 6 enlisted men missing. Captain Burhans captured two Confederate flags before he fell, and Anthony Knifer of Company E captured the colors of the 44th Georgia Infantry Regiment.

By the end of Spottsylvania the regiment was reduced to 4 officers and 76 men

May 12 Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Battle of Cold Harbor

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and Captain Samuel Fry and 10 enlisted men wounded

June 17-18
First Assault on Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins
June 19 Captain James Visscher of Company G promoted to lieutenant colonel
June 22-23
Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed

June 26-29 Moved to Washington, D.C.
July 11-12
Repulse of Early’s attack on Fort Stevens and Northern Defenses of Washington

Lt. Colonel Visscher, 1 other officer and 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 23 enlisted men wounded fighting under the eyes of President Lincoln.

July 14-22 Pursuit of Early; attached to Army of the Shenandoah
August 1 Captain Volkert Van Patten promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Charles Milliken of Company C to major
August 7-November 28 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign
September 13 Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Battle of Opequan)

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and Captain William Terrell, Lieutenants Maurice Ferris, George Kronz and John Carter and 3 enlisted men wounded

September 21 Consolidated into a battalion of five companies under Lt. Colonel Charles A. Milliken
September 22
Battle of Fisher’s Hill

The regmient lost 2 enlisted men killed and 3 enlisted men wounded. Private James Connors of Company E earned the Medal of Honor for extreme heroism in capturing a Confederate flag.

October 11 Lt. Colonel Van Paten mustered out
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek

The regient lost 4 enlisted men killed and Major Milliken, Lieutenant Edward Goodyear, 1 other officer and 15 enlisted men wounded. After the battle the battalion collected Springfield rifles from the battlefield and turned in their Austrian rifles.

October – December Duty in the Shenandoah Valley
Noveber 15 Major Milliken promoted to lieutenant colonel
December 13-16 Moved to Petersburg and rejoined the Army of the Potomac and the Siege of Petersburg
1865
March 25
Fort Fisher, Petersburg

The regiment lost Lieutenant John Dempsey and 3 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Lt. Colonel Milliken and 10 enlisted men wounded

March 28-April 9
Appomattox Campaign

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed and 1 officer and 9 enlisted men wounded

April 2
Assault on and fall of Petersburg.

Sergeant Frank Shubert earned the Medal of Honor for capturing two Confederate colors in the final assault.

April 3-9 Pursuit of Lee
April 6
Sailor’s Creek

The regiment captured a Confederate flag, using the staff to replace the staff of the 43rd’s colors, which had been shattered at Petersburg.

April 9 Appomattox Court House; Surrender of Lee and his army.
April 23-27 Moved to Danville, Va.
May 18-June 2 Moved to Richmond, then to Washington, D.C.
June 8 Corps Review
June 14 Lt. Colonel Milliken promoted to colonel and Captain William Terrell of Company D promoted to lieutenant colonel, but neither mustered
June 27 Mustered out under Colonel Milliken and Lt. Colonel Terrell