“National Guard Rifles”

“Clinton Rifles”

“Zook’s Voltigeurs”

The 57th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 95 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 90 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg

1861
August 12 to November 19 Organized at New York City under Colonel Samuel K. Zook, Lieutenant Colonel John A. Page, and Major Philip J. Parisen
November 19 Left State for Washington, D.C. Attached to French’s 3rd Brigade, Sumner’s Division, Army of the Potomac for duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C.
1862
February 3 Lieutenant Colonel Page mustered out. Maor Parisen promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Alfred Chapman of Company A promoted to major
March 10 Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 14-16 Reconnaissance to Cedar Run
April 5-May 4 Ordered to the Peninsula, Va. and Siege of Yorktown, Va.
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

The regiment lost 7 men killed or mortaly wounded and 11 men wounded

June 25-July 1
Seven days before Richmond

The regiment lost 8 men killed, 1 officer and 8 men wounded, and 27 men missing

June 27 Battles of Gaines Mill
June 29 Peach Orchard and Savage Station
June 30
White Oak Swamp and Glendale

Lieutenant Thomas Britton wounded

July 1 Malvern Hill
July At Harrison’s Landing
July 18 Lieutenant Colonel J. A. Page resigned. Major Parisen was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel with rank from February and Captain Alford B. Chapman of Company A was promoted to major
August 16-30 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Alexandria and Centreville
August 31-September 1 Cover Pope’s retreat to Washington
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign
September 15 Sharpsburg, Md.
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

Colonel Zook was absent ill, and the regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Philip J. Parisen. It brought 309 men to the field.

Lieutenant Colonel Parisen was killed leading a charge on horseback against the Sunken Road, colors in hand. Two other officers and 27 men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain James Britt, 5 other officers and 64 men were wounded, and 3 men missing, one third of the men engaged.

Major Chapman took over command. More prisoners were taken than men in the 53rd, and the colors of the 11th Alabama Infantry Regiment were captured.

From the brigade marker at Antietam:

Brooke’s Brigade formed the reserve of Richardson’s Division.

After checking an attempt of the enemy to gain the right rear of French’s Division near Roulette’s house, it co-operated with Caldwell in his advance across the Bloody Lane and through the cornfield to the south, the advance Regiments driving the enemy from Piper’s barn and outhouses. The ammunition of the Brigade having been exhausted, it was withdrawn and occupied a position a short distance north of this point, in support of Battery K, 1st U.S. Artillery.

September 22-
October 29
Duty at Harper’s Ferry
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charlestown
October 27 Major Alford Chapman promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank from September 17
October 27 Major Chapman promoted to lieutenant colonel with rank to September 17
October 28 Captain N. Garrow Throop of Company B promoted to major with rank to September 17
October 29-
November 17
Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Lieutenant Colonel Chapman was wounded during the laying of the pontoon bridge, struck in the chest by a ball whose impact was reduced going through a packet of papers in his pocket. Major Throop, another officer and 17 men were killed or mortally wounded, and Captain James Britt, Lieutenant Richard Alcoke, 5 other officers and 61 men were wounded.

1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April At Falmouth
April 23 Colonel Zook promoted to brigadier general
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 2 men killed, Captain James Britt, 1 other officer and 26 men wounded, and 1 man missing

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
June 12 Captain John Bell of Company C promoted to major
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Alford B. Chapman. It brought 179 men to the field, losing 4 men killed, 2 officers and 26 men wounded and 2 missing.

From the monument in the Wheatfield at Gettysburg:

Engaged the enemy here July 2, 1863.
July 3, on Cemetery Ridge resisting Pickett’s attack.
Total number engaged 175.
Killed 4, wounded 28, missing 2.

July 23 Captain James Britt of Company D promoted to lieutenant colonel, with rank from April 24, 1863
July Duty on line of the Rappahannock
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14
Auburn and Bristoe

the regiment lost 5 men wounded and 1 officer and 13 men missing

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
February-May At and near Stevensburg, Va.
April 7 Captain William A. Kirk of Company G promoted to major
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

Lieutenant Colonel Chapman and 11 men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Gilbert Frederick and 44 men wounded, and 1 man missing

May 8-21
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
May 12 Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12 Cold Harbor
July 14 Company C mustered out
June Attached to Consolidated Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps.
June 16-Dec. 6
Before Petersburg

Major William Kirk, Captain Augustus Wright and 5 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain Richard Alcoke and 14 enlisted men were wounded and 2 men missing

June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road
July 4 Captain George Jones of Company I promoted to major
July 27-29 Demonstration north of the James
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
July 27 Lt. Colonel Britt promoted to colonel but not mustered and Captain George Jones of Company H to major
August 11 Company F mustered out
August 13 Company I mustered out
August 13-20 Demonstration north of the James
August 14 Company D mustered out
August 14-18
Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

Captain James Bronson wounded

August 22 Major Jones promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Bronson to major but neither mustered
August 25
Ream’s Station

The regiment lost 4 men killed or mortally wounded, 6 men wounded and 23 men missing

September 3 Company K mustered out
September 10 Company A mustered out
September 23 Company B mustered out
October 15 Company H mustered out
December 6 Veterans and Recruits transferred to 61st Regiment New York Infantry
1865
January 5 Colonel Britt mustered out