“Astor Regiment” “1st Regiment Clinton Guard”
The 61st New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 16 officers and 177 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 121 enlisted men to disease, a total of 316. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
|October 25||Organized at New York City|
|November 9||Left State for Washington, D.C. under Colonel Spencer W. Cone, Lieutenant Colonel Francis C. Barlow and Major William C. Massett|
|November||Duty at Bladensburg, Defenses of Washington, D.C. Attached to Howard’s Brigade, Sumner’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|November 3-11||Expedition to Lower Maryland|
|November 28||At Camp California, near Alexandria, Va.|
|January||Lieutenant Colonel Barlow led a revolt among the officers of the regiment to have Colonel Cone and Major Massett removed for incompetence.|
|March 10||Advance on Manassas, Va. attached to Howard’s 1st Brigade, Richardson’s 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 20||Reconnaissance to Gainesville|
|March 28-31||Operations on Orange & Alexandria Railroad|
|April 14||Colonel Cone was discharged|
|April 16-May 4||
Ordered to the Peninsula, Va. Siege of Yorktown
Lieutenant Colonel Barlow was promoted to colonel, Major Massett to lieutenant colonel and Captain Arthur L. Brooks of Company G to major
|May 12||Major Brooks died of disease at Yorktown|
|May 14||Captain Zachary Lawrence of Company A promoted to major|
|May 31-June 1||
Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks
Lieutenant Colonel William Masset, Captains Theodore Russell and Joseph Trenor, Lieutenants Henry Coultis, John McDonald, William McIntyre and 42 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain Walter H. Maze, Lieutenants Peter Bain, Cornelius Bergen, Charles Howard and 56 enlisted men were wounded, and four enlisted men were missing out of 432 men engaged.
Nelson Miles was appointed lieutenant colonel effective May 31.
|June 25-July 1||
Seven days before Richmond
In addition to the officers listed below, from June 25 until July 1 the regiment lost 28 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 2 officers and 71 enlisted men wounded, and 11 enlisted men missing
|June 29||Battles of Peach Orchard, Allen’s Farm and Savage Station|
White Oak Swamp and Glendale
Captains Manton Angell and Dennis Moore and Lieutenants Lucien Cadwell and David Gregory were wounded, Captain Moore also captured
|July 1||Malvern Hill|
|July-August||At Harrison’s Landing. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps, to July of 1865|
|August 7||Major Lawrence discharged|
|August 16-30||Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Alexandria and Centreville|
|Cover Pope’s retreat to Washington|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign|
The regiment was commanded by Colonel Barlow and consisted of only 105 men. At Antietam it was temporarily consolidated with the 64th New York. Its attack flanked the Sunken Road, capturing over 300 Confederates. While repelling the Confederate counterattack, Colonel Barlow was wounded in the groin by artillery case shot, and Lieutenant Colonel Miles took command of the regiment.
Second Lieutenant Theodore W. Greig of Company C earned the Medal of Honor for capturing the battle flag of the 44th Alabama Infantry, despite being shot in the neck. The flag was in private hands for many ears but was returned to the State of Alabama in 2001 and is in the collection of the Alabama Department of Archives and History.
Captain Manton Angell and 11 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded and Colonel Barlow and 27 enlisted men were wounded.
From the brigade monument at Antietam:
Caldwell’s Brigade relieved Meagher’s and became heavily engaged with the Confederate Infantry occupying the Sunken Road and Piper’s cornfield south of it. After an obstinate contest, the Brigade succeeded in dislodging the Confederates from the Sunken Road and, having repelled several attempts to turn its flanks, advanced to the high ground overlooking Piper’s house, where it was halted by command of General Richardson.
|September 22 to October 29||Duty at Harper’s Ferry. Company I consolidated with another company and was replaced with a new company of recruits from Albany.|
|September 30||Colonel Barlow promoted to Brigadier General, Lieutenant Colonel Nelson Miles promoted to colonel, and Captain Oscar N. Broady of Company C promoted to lieutenant colonel|
|October 16-17||Reconnaissance to Charlestown|
|Advance up Loudoun Valley and movement to Falmouth|
|November 17||Captain William Spencer promoted to major, with rank from August 7|
|Manassas Gap||The regiment lost 2 enlisted men missing|
The regiment lost 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Lt. Colonel Nelson Miles and 22 enisted men were wounded in the assault on Marye’s Heights.
|December 21||Major Spencer discharged for disability|
|January||Duty at Falmouth|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|February 18||First Lieutenant George W. Scott of Company D promoted to major|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
The regiment lost 1 officer killed, Colonel Miles wounded in the neck and abdomen (at first thought to be fatal) and 15 enlisted men wounded, and 1 officer and enlisted men missing. Miles was awarded the Medal of honor for his actions in the battle.
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Oscar Knut Broady. It brought 148 men to the field and lost Lieutenant Franklin Garland and 13 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Captain Willard Keech, Lieutenants Charles Fuller, James Owens and 43 enlisted men wounded in fighting in the Wheatfield.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee to Manassas, Va.|
|August-October||Duty on line of the Rappahannock|
|September 13-17||Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan|
The regiment lost 1 enlisted man killed.
|October 14||Auburn and Bristoe|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 26-December 2||Mine Run Campaign|
|December-May||Duty at Stevensburg|
|February 6-7||Demonstration on the Rapidan|
|May 3-June 15||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James|
Captain Thomas Morrison, Lieutenants William Collines and John Hicks, and 10 enisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Thomas Welch and 22 enlisted men wounded, and 1 enlisted man missing
|May 12||Major Scott was promoted to lieutenant colonel|
The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and wounded
Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”
The regiment lost 16 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and Lieutenaant Robert Solomon and 33 enlisted men wounded
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
The regiment lost 2 enlisted men wounded
The regiment lost Lieutenants James Owens, Joel Perrington and Isaac Plumb and 8 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 10 enlisted men wounded and 2 enlisted men missing
|June 9||Colonel Miles was promoted to brigadier general. Lt. Colonel Broady was promoted to colonel but never mustered|
|June 16-18||Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins|
Jerusalem Plank Road
The regiment lost 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 23 enlisted men wounded and 7 missing
|July 27-29||Demonstration on north side of the James|
the regiment lost 1 enlisted man wounded and 1 missing
|August 13-20||Demonstration north of the James|
Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom
The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed, 5 wounded and 7 missing
The regiment lost 3 enlisted men killed, 11 wounded, and 25 missing or captured
|October 29||Colonel Broady mustered out. Major Scott promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|November 10||Lt. Colonel Scott promoted to colonel|
Reconnaissance to Hatcher’s Run
The regiment lost 1 man wounded
|December 9||Hatcher’s Run|
|December 20||Veterans and recruits from the 57th New York transferred into regiment.|
|February 5-7||Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run|
|March 13||Captain George Schaffer of the 91st New York Infantry transferred in and promoted to major|
The regiment lost 6 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 17 wounded, and 2 missing
|March 28-April 9||
During the campaign t he regiment lost Lieutenant William Malcom and 10 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant James Smith and 36 enlisted men wounded, and 4 enlisted men captured or missing
|March 29-30||On line of Hatcher’s and Gravelly Runs|
|March 31||Hatcher’s Run or Boydton Road and White Oak Road|
|April 2||Sutherland Station and Fall of Petersburg|
Lieutenant William Malcom killed
High Bridge and Farmville
Lieutenant James Smith wounded
Appomattox Court House.
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|May 2-12||March to Washington, D.C.|
|May 23||Grand Review|
|July 14||Mustered out under Colonel George W. Scott and Major Schaffer|