“Governor’s Guard”

The 66th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 88 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 officers and 120 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

Organized at New York City
November 4 Mustered in under Colonel Joseph C. Pinckney, former colonel of the 6th New York State Militia, Lieutenant Colonel James Bull and Major Orlando Morris
November 16 Left State for Washington, D.C. for duty in the Defenses of Washington attached to Graham’s Brigade, Buell’s Division. Army of the Potomac
January Attached to French’s Brigade, Sumner’s Division, Army of the Potomac
March 10 Advance on Manassas, Va.
March Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula and attached to 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps
April 16-May 4 Siege of Yorktown
May 31-June 1
Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed and 5 wounded

June 25-July 1
Seven days before Richmond

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed or mortally woundd, 8 wounded and 33 captured

June 27 Battles of Gaines’ Mill
June 29 Peach Orchard and Savage Station
June 30 White Oak Swamp and Glendale
July 1 Malvern Hill
July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-30 Movement to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria and Centreville
August 31-
September 1
Cover retreat of Pope’s army to Washington, D.C.
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was commanded by Captain Julius Wehle. Other than Captain Nelson, acting lieutenant-colonel, and Captain Hammell, acting major, no other officer of the regiment was above the rank of second lieutenant.

Lieutenant Frederick Crissey and 22 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, and Captain Hammell and 79 enlisted men wounded.

From the brigade marker at Antietam:

Brooke’s Brigade formed the reserve of Richardson’s Division.

After checking an attempt of the enemy to gain the right rear of French’s Division near Roulette’s house, it co-operated with Caldwell in his advance across the Bloody Lane and through the cornfield to the south, the advance Regiments driving the enemy from Piper’s barn and outhouses. The ammunition of the Brigade having been exhausted, it was withdrawn and occupied a position a short distance north of this point, in support of Battery K, 1st U.S. Artillery.

September 22 to October 29 Duty at Harper’s Ferry
October 16-17 Reconnaissance to Charlestown
October 29-
November 19
Movement up Loudoun Valley and to Falmouth, Va.
December 3 Colonel Pinckney discharged. Major Morris promoted to colonel and Captain Peter Nelson of Company G to major
December 12-15 Battle of Fredericksburg

Lieutenant Colonel James H. Bull, Captain Julius Wehle, Captain John Dodge and 16 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Captain John Hammell, Lieutenant James Switzer and 45 rnlisted men were wounded, and 8 men missing out of 238 engaged.

December 13 Lieutenant John McNiell died of disease at Stevensburg, Virginia
December-April Duty at Falmouth, Va.
January 20-24 “Mud March”
March 15 Lieutenant George Gaynor died of disease
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The regiment lost 3 enlisted men killed, 2 officers and 8 enlisted men wounded, and Captain Abraham Feder, 1 other officer and 55 enlisted men captured

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-4
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel Orlando H. Morris. He was wounded in the Wheatfield while carrying the colors on July 2nd. Lieutenant Colonel John S. Hammell took command until he, too was wounded. Major Peter A. Nelson then took over the regiment.

The 66th brought 176 men to the field. Captains George Ince and Elijah Munn and 5 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Colonel Morris, Lt. Colonel Hammell, Lieutenant Daniel Banta, Lieutenants Albert Gosse and Cornell Hardenbrook and 22 enlisted men were wounded, and 1 officer and 9 enlisted men missing

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August-October Duty on line of the Rappahannock
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Auburn and Bristoe

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men wounded

November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign

The regiment lost 1 man wounded

December-May Duty at and near Stevensburg, Va.
December 13 Captain John McNiell died of disease at Stevensburg, Virginia
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
March Attached to 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 3-June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, 5 wounded, and 4 missing

May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

Lieutenant Thomas Johnston and 13 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Nelson Strickland, 1 other officer and 39 enlisted men wounded, and 18 men missing

May 10 Po River
May 12 Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26 North Anna River

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed, 2 wounded and 2 missing

May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12 Cold Harbor

Colonel Morris was killed commanding the brigade, and 8 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded, 17 men wounded and 18 missing

June 16-18 Assault on Petersburg

Lieutenant James Bullis and 6 enlisted men were killed or mortally wounded and Lieutenant Colonel Hammell, Major Nelson, Captain James Derrickson, Lieutenants Friederich Herzberg, Adolph Nelson and George Turbayne and 47 enlisted men captured. The regiment totalled only 70 officers and enlisted men after the battle.

June 16- April 2 Siege of Petersburg

The regiment lost 1 man mortally wounded and 1 officer and 17 enlisted men wounded during the siege exclusive of the casualties listed in the battles below

June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad

Captain Burton Davis and 2 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded, Lieutenant Stephen Newman and 8 enlisted men wounded

July 27-29 Demonstration on the north side of the James
July 27-28 Deep Bottom

The regiment lost 4 enlisted men killed, 4 wounded, and 1 missing

August 13-20 Demonstration on north side of the James
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom

The regiment lost 1 enlisted man mortally wounded and 4 wounded

August 25 Ream’s Station

The regiment lost 2 enlisted men killed, 5 wounded and 17 missing

November Original members mustered out, while reenlisted men and recruits formed as a Veteran regiment.
November 30 Colonel Hammell paroled and returned to regiment
December Lieutenant George Turbayne killed in prison at Andersonville, George while crossing the dead line.
December 9-10 Reconnaissance to Hatcher’s Run
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 1 Major Nelson, Captain Derrickson paroled
March 25 Watkins’ House
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign

The regiment lost 3 enisted men killed or mortally wounded and 10 wounded during the two weeks of the campaign

March 29-31 Boydton and White Oak Roads
April 2 Sutherland Station and fall of Petersburg
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 7 High Bridge and Farmville
April 9 Appomattox Court House. Surrender of Lee and his army.
May 2-12 Moved to Washington, D. C,
May 5 Major Nelson discharged
May 23 Grand Review
June Moved to New York and duty at Fort Richmond, New York harbor
August 30 Mustered out under Colonel John S. Hammell