“Bemis Heights Regiment”
The 77th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 9 officers and 87 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 officers and 175 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg and another in Monument Square of Saratoga Springs, New York.
|Organized at Saratoga, N.Y.|
|November 22||Mustered in under Colonel James B. McKean, Lieutenant Colonel Joseph C. Henderson and Major Selden Hetzel. Colonel McKean was a U.S. congressman and continued to serve until March of 1863.|
|November 28||Left State for Washington, D.C.|
|December||Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C. attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|March||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 10||Advance on Manassas, Va.|
|March 22||Ordered to the Virginia Peninsula|
|April 5||Near Lee’s Mills|
|April 5-May 4||Siege of Yorktown|
|April 16||Lee’s Mills|
|May 5||Battle of Williamsburg|
|May||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
and June 24
|June 25-July 1||Seven days before Richmond|
|June 27||Garnett’s Farm|
|June 28||Garnett’s and Golding’s Farms|
|June 29||Savage Station|
|June 30||White Oak Swamp and Glendale|
|July 1||Malvern Hill|
At Harrison’s Landing
Captain Windsor Brown French was promoted to major and then lieutenant colonel
|August 16-28||Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville|
|August 28-31||In works at Centreville|
|August 30||Assist in checking Pope’s rout at Bull Run|
|September 1||Cover Pope’s retreat to Fairfax Court House|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign|
|September 14||Crampton’s Pass, South Mountain|
The regiment was commanded by Captain Nathan S. Babcock. It lost 6 men killed, 1 officer and 4 men mortally wounded, and 2 officers and 19 men wounded. Captain Babcock was promoted to major after the battle dating to August.
From the War Department markers (double marker number 74) on the Antietam battlefield:
Irwin’s Brigade came on the field about noon of the 17th, and formed across the Smoketown Road in rear of a line of Artillery.
After an unsuccessful attempt to penetrate the Confederate line south of the Dunkard Church, the Brigade rallied behind the ridge east of the Hagerstown Pike and between it and Mumma’s Lane, the left of the Brigade resting a few yards west of the lane, where it was exposed to a severe fire of Artillery and Sharpshooters.
About 5 P.M., the 7th Maine, on the left of the Brigade, crossed Mumma’s Lane, moved obliquely across the front of Brook’s Brigade, charged over the Bloody Lane at this point, dispersed the Confederates in its front and in the orchard on its left and reached the low ground North of Piper’s Barn, when the enemy from behind the stone fence on the Hagerstown Pike and the hill adjoining poured a severe fire on its right flank and front.
The regiment then obliqued to the left, passed through an opening in the fence into the orchard and to within 70 yards of Piper’s House, here it was met by a withering fire from a column of the enemy moving down the hill east of the house and driven back through the orchard with great loss.
It reformed a short distance east of this point and returned to the position from which it had advanced.
At noon of the 18th, the Brigade was relieved by Cochrane’s Brigade of Couch’s Division.
From the War Department marker (number 75) on the Antietam battlefield:
Irwin’s Brigade reached the field about noon of the 17th, formed line across the road at this point, and charged through the Batteries and across the fields in their front to check the advance of the Confederates from the West Woods. The direction of its advance was south of the Dunkard Church and, when its right Regiments, the 33d and 77th New York, were nearly abreast the Church, they received such a destructive fire on their right and rear as compelled them to retire to the cover of the ridge in front of the Church, the remainder of the Brigade forming on their left. Late in the day the 7th Maine charged across the Bloody Lane to Piper’s Barn and was repulsed with great loss.
About noon of the 18th the Brigade was relieved by Cochrane’s Brigade of Couch’s Division, and withdrawn to the rear.
|September-October||Duty in Maryland|
|October 29-November 19||Movement to Falmouth|
|October 30||Company K merged with Company F and a new Company K was recruited.|
|December 12-15||Battle of Fredericksburg|
|January 20-24||“Mud March”|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations about Franklin’s Crossing|
Battle of Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
The regiment lost Captain Luther Wheeler and 11 men killed or mortally wounded, 1 officer and 40 men wounded, and 30 men missing.
|May 4||Banks’ Ford|
|June 5-13||Deep Run Ravine|
The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Winsor B. French. It brought 424 men to the field, and had no casualties, as it was assigned as support to artillery batteries in the Union rear on Powers Hill.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee|
|July 23||Colonel McKean resigned his commission due to illness. Lieutenant Colonel French was promoted to colonel and command of the regiment.|
|August-September||Duty on line of the Rappahannock|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 7||Rappahannock Station|
|November 26-December 2||Mine Run Campaign|
|December-May||Duty near Brandy Station|
|February 6-7||Demonstration on the Rapidan|
|May 3-June 15||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River|
The regiment lost 14 men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 39 men woundedm and 2 officers and 7 men missing.
The regiment lost 3 officers and 27 men killed or mortally wounded, 5 officers and 51 men wounded, and 2 officers and 19 men missing.
|May 12||Assault on the Salient or “Bloody Angle”|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
The regiment lost 5 men killed or mortally wounded and 7 men wounded.
|June 17-18||Before Petersburg; Siege of Petersburg begins|
|June 22-23||Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad|
|July 9-11||Moved to Washington, D.C.|
The regiment lost 6 men killed or mortally wounded, Colonel French and 12 men wounded, and 1 man missing.
|Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign|
|September 13||Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek|
The regiment lost 6 men killed or mortally wounded, 4 officers and 30 men wounded, and 2 men missing.
The regiment lost 1 officer mortally wounded, and 1 officer and 3 men wounded.
The regiment lost 4 officers and 8 men killed or mortally wounded, 3 officers and 18 men wounded, and 3 men missing. Colonel French took over brigade command with the death of General Bidwell.
Duty in the Shenandoah Valley
Major Babcock was promoted to lieutenant colonel.
|December 13||Moved to Washington, D.C. The regiment was mustered out under Colonel Winsor B. Franch. Veterans were consolidated into a battalion of five companies (A-E).|
|December 13-16||Moved to Petersburg, Va. and returned to Siege of Petersburg.|
Fort Fisher, Petersburg
The regiment lost 2 officers and 2 men killed or mortally wounded and 7 men wounded.
|March 28-April 9||Appomattox Campaign|
|April 2||Assault on and fall of Petersburg|
|April 6||Sailor’s Creek|
Appomattox Court House
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|April 23-27||March to Danville|
|May 24-June 3||March to Richmond, Va., thence to Washington, D.C.|
|June 8||Corps Review|
|June 27||Mustered out under Colonel David J. Caw|