United States Regiments & Batteries > New York > Cavalry


“Harris Light Cavalry”

The 2nd New York Volunteer Cavalry Regiment lost 9 officers and 112 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 235 enlisted men to disease in the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
August 9 –
October 8
Organized by order of the War Department
October 26 The regiment was designated the 7th United States Cavalry. This being in excess of the number provided for by Act of Congress, the regiment was redesignated the 2nd New York Volunteer Cavalry or “Harris Light Cavalry.”
September 18 Left New York for Washington, D.C. under Colonel J. Mansfield Davies, Lieutenant Colonel Judson Kilpatrick, and Majors Henry Davies, Alfred Duffie and Otto Harhaus.
September-March Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C. Attached to McDowell’s Division, Army of the Potomac
December 6 Colonel Davies was discharged, and Lieutenant Colonel Kilpatrick was promoted to colonel.
1862
March Assigned to King’s 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
March 1 Captain Otto Harhaus of Company G was promoted to major.
March 10-16 Advance on Manassas, Va.
April 3-18 Advance on Falmouth, Va. King’s Division was redesignated 3rd Division, Department of the Rappahannock
April 17 and 19 Falmouth
May 5 Near Fredericksburg
May 11 Bowling Green Road
June Assigned to Bayard’s Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia
July 4 Flipper’s Orchard
July 19-20 Expedition from Fredericksburg to Hanover Junction
July 20 Beaver Dam Station
July 22-24 Reconnaissance to James City
July 23 Mt. Camel Church
August 5-8 Expedition to Frederick’s Hall Station
August 5 Thornburg or Massaponax Church
August 8 Orange Court House
August 9 Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 16-
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 18 Near Rapidan Station
August 20 Brandy Station
August 21-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 21 Kelly’s Ford
August 22 Catlett’s Station
August 23 Culpeper and Waterloo Bridge
August 24 Sulphur Springs
August 26 Manassas Junction
August 28 Thoroughfare Gap
August 29 Groveton
August 30
Second Battle of Bull Run
August 31 Germantown, Centreville and Chantilly
September 1 Little River Turnpike
September Attached to Bayard’s Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac
Companies A, B, I and K with 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac until October
September 14 South Mountain, Md.
September 17 Goose Creek. Six Companies in action at Leesburg.
September 16-19 Reconnaissance to Leesburg
September 29 Warrenton
October 5 Dumfries
October Hazel River
October 31 Aldie and Mountsville
November 3 Sudley Church
November 4 New Baltimore, Salem, Warrenton and Upperville
November 8-9 Rappahannock Station
November 25 Aldie
December 7 Stafford Court House
December 12-15
Fredericksburg
December 6 Colonel Davies was discharged due to chronic dysentery. Lieutenant Colonel Kilpatrick was promoted to colonel.
December 15 Assigned to Gregg’s Cavalry Brigade, Army of the Potomac
1863
February 11 Assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac
April 14 Rappahannock Station
April 16 Warrenton
April 19 Rappahannock Station
April 27-May 8 Stoneman’s Raid
May 2 Louisa Court House
May 3 Ashland and Hanover Station
May 4 Glen Allen
May 5 Aylett’s
May King and Queen Court House
May 6 Centreville
May 10 Morrisville
May 19-20 Expedition from Gloucester into Matthews County (Detachment)
June 1 Falmouth
June 3 Brandy Station
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station

The regiment was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Henry E. Davies, Jr. while Colonel Kilpatrick commanded the brigade.

June 13 Colonel Kilpatrick was promoted to brigadier general. Lieutenant Colonel Henry E. Davies was promoted to colonel and Major Harhaus to lieutenant colonel.
June 14 The main part of the regiment was assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac.

A battalion at Yorktown, Va., was attached to 4th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia, to July, 1863, and then to King’s Division, 22nd Army Corps, to August, 1863.

June 17 Aldie
June 19 Middleburg
June 21 Upperville
June 24-July 7 The detached battalion took part in Dix’s Peninsula Campaign assigned to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, Dept. of Virginia
June 28 Rockville, Md.
June 29 Cooksville
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded during the Gettysburg campaign by Lieutenant Colonel Otto Harhaus and brought 264 men to the campaign.

From the monument at Gettysburg:

This Regiment was engaged in the battles and skirmishes of the Cavalry Corps until the Brigade reached Hanover Junction, June 30, 1863, when it was moved hastily to Manchester, to guard trains against rumored movements of the enemy, and picketed the surrounding country. July 4th Joined 3rd Division in pursuit of the enemy and participated in the Cavalry engagements until the enemy retreated into Virginia.

July 4 Monterey Gap
July 5 Smithburg, Emmettsburg
July 6 Hagerstown and Williamsport
July 8 Boonsborough
July 9 Funkstown
July 10-13 Jones’ Cross Roads
July 11-13 Hagerstown
July 14 Williamsport, Falling Waters
July 16 Berryville
July 27 Bristerburg
August 1 Assigned to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps
August 3 Fairfax
August 5 Thoroughfare Gap
August 12-14 Near Aldie
August 22 U.S. Ford
September 1-3 Expedition to Port Conway
September 1 Lamb’s Creek
September 13-17 Advance from the Rappahannock to the Rapidan
September 13 Culpeper Court House
September 14 Somerville Ford
September 16 Robertson’s Ford

Colonel Davies was promoted to brigadier general and Lieutenant Colonel Otto Harhaus was promoted to colonel.

September 17 U.S. Ford
September 19 Culpeper
September 21 Madison Court House
September 21-22 White’s Ford and Liberty Mills
September 27-28 Scout to Hazel River
October 2 Hazel Run
October 6 Hazel River
October 7 Culpeper
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 10 James City, Robertson’s River and Bethesda Church
October 11 Near Culpeper
October 11-12 Brandy Station
October 14 Gainesville
October 17-18 Groveton
October 19 Haymarket, Buckland’s Mills and New Baltimore
November 4 Catlett’s Station
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 7 Stevensburg
November 15 Hartwood Church
November 18 Germania Ford
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 26 Morton’s Ford
November 27 New Hope Church
November 29 Robertson’s Tavern
December 2 Germania Ford
December 5 Raccoon Ford
December 18 Somerville
1864
January 12 Kelly’s Ford
January 17 Ellis Ford
January 19 Stevensburg and Ely’s Ford
February 28-
March 3
Kilpatrick’s Raid to Richmond
February 29 Beaver Dam and Frederick’s Hall Station and South Anna Bridge
March 1 Defenses of Richmond
March 2 Old Church and King and Queen; Near Walkertown (Detachment. Dahlgren killed)
March 3 Near Tunstall Station (Detachment) and New Kent Court House and Stevensville
March 11 Carrollton’s Store
May-June Rapidan Campaign
May 5 Craig’s Meeting House
May 5-6 Todd’s Tavern
May 6-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8 Alsop’s Farm, Spottsylvania
May 9-24 Sheridan’s Raid to James River
May 9-10 North Anna River
May 11 Ground Squirrel Church and Yellow Tavern
May 12 Brooks’ Church or fortifications of Richmond and Strawberry Hill
May 23 Polecat Station
May 26 Demonstration on Little River
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
May 29-30
Hanover Court House

Captain Walter C. Hull of Company L was wounded

May 31 Mechump’s Creek
June 1-12 Cold Harbor
June 2 Totopotomoy and Gaines’ Mill
June 3 Haw’s Shop
June 3 Via’s House
June 10-11 Old Church
June 11 Bethesda
June 12 Riddell’s Shop and Long Bridge
June 14 Malvern Hill
June 15 Smith’s Store near St. Mary’s Church
June 22-30 Wilson’s Raid to south side and Danville Railroad
June 23 Black and White Station and Notreway Court House
June 28 Sapponay Church or Stony Creek
June 29-30
and July 3
Ream’s Station
August 7-November 28 Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division
August 17 Near Winchester
August 21 Summit Point, Charlestown
August 25 Near Kearneysville
September 2 Waynesboro
September 4 Berryville
September 9 Near Winchester
September 10 Colonel Harhaus mustered out. Captain Walter C. Hull of Company A was promoted to major.
September 13 Abram’s Creek
September 19
Third Battle of Winchester (Opequan) 
September 20 Near Cedarville
September 21 Fisher’s Hill and Front Royal Pike
September 22 Milford
September 26 Staunton
September 29 Waynesboro
September 30 Mt. Crawford
October 2 Bridgewater and Woodstock
October 6 Brock’s Gap
October 7 New Market
October 8 Fisher’s Hill
October 8-9 Tom’s Brook, “Woodstock Races”
October 13 Cedar Run
October 19
Battle of Cedar Creek
November 1 Major Hull was promoted to colonel.
November 7 Cedar Creek
November 12
Nineveh

Colonel Hull was killed.

November 22 Mt. Jackson
November 23 Hood’s Hill
November 24 Captain Alanson Randol, commander of Battery E, 1st United States Artillery, was appointed colonel of the 2nd New York Cavalry.
November 28-December 2 Expedition from Kernstown to Moorefield
December 3 Moorefield
December 19-22 Expedition to Lacy Springs
December 21 Lacy Springs and Mt. Jackson
1865
February 27-
March 25
Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester
March 2 Occupation of Staunton and Action at Waynesboro
March 3 Charlottesville
March 15 Ashland
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 30-31 Dinwiddie Court House
April 1
Five Forks
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 3 Namozine Church
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 8 Appomattox Station
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

April 23-29 Expedition to Danville
May March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
June 5 Mustered out
June 23 Honorably discharged from service under Colonel Alanson M. Randol