United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio


The 4th Ohio Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 95 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 155 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
June 4 Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio from the three months service regiment under Colonel Lorin Andrews.From the monument at Gettysburg:

Companies A&B from Mt. Vernon, Knox County. Companies C&I from Delaware, Delaware County. Companies D&G from Kenton, Hardin County.

June 20-23 Moved to Grafton, W. Va.
June Attached to McCook’s Advance Brigade, West Virginia
July 6-17 West Virginia Campaign, attached to 3rd Brigade, Army of Occupation, West Virginia
July 12 Capture of Beverly
July 13-16 Expedition to Huttonsville
July 17 At Beverly
July 23; Moved to New Creek
August 7 At Pendleton
September 7 & 12 Action at Petersburg
September 18 Colonel Andrews died of typhoid pneumonia.
September 23 Hanging Rock, Romney
September 23-25 Romney
October 14 Colonel John S. Mason was appointed to command of the regiment
October 26 Mill Creek Mills, Romney
November Duty at Romney attached to Kelly’s Command, West Virginia
1862
January 6-7 Expedition to Blue’s Gap; attached to 2nd Brigade, Landers’ Division, Army of the Potomac
January 7 Blue’s Gap
January 10 Evacuation of Romney
February 9 At Paw Paw Tunnel
March 7-15 Advance on Winchester attached to 1st Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps and Dept. of the Shenandoah
March 9 Martinsburg
March 18 Cedar Creek
March 19 Strasburg
March 23 Battle of Winchester
March 25 Cedar Creek
April 1 Woodstock
April 2 Edenburg
April 4 Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of the Shenandoah
April 16 Mt. Jackson
May 12-21 March to Fredericksburg attached to Kimball’s Independent Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock
May 25-30 Return to Front Royal
May 30 Front Royal
June 9 Battle of Port Republic
June 29-30 Moved to Alexandria, thence to Harrison’s Landing
July 3-4 Haxell’s, Herring Creek, attached to Kimball’s Independent Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-28 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
September 1 Cover Pope’s retreat from Bull Run to Fairfax Court House
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign; attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam
September 22 Moved to Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.
October 1-2 Reconnaissance to Leesburg
October 30-November 19 March to Falmouth, Va.
November 29 Colonel Mason promoted to brigadier general.
December 1 Captain Leonard W. Carpenter of Company A was promoted to major
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

Major Carpenter was promoted to lieutenant colonel

1863
January At Falmouth, Va.
January 20-24 “Mud March”
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5 Battle of Chancellorsville
May 22 James H. Godman appointed as to colonel.
July 2-3 Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Leonard W. Carpenter. It brought 229 men to the field, losing 9 killed, 17 wounded and 5 missing.

From the monument on Cemetery Hill:

On the evening of July 2, 1863, Carroll’s Brigade was sent from its position with the 2nd Corps to re-enforce this portion of the line, and this monument marks the position where, as part of that brigade, the 4th Ohio Infantry at that time participated in repelling an attack of the enemy.

KILLED. Capt. Samuel J. Shoub, Co. I, Lieut. Addison H. Edgar, Co. G, Corp. John Debolt, Co. B, Private James W. Harl, Co. A, William Bain, Co. G, George H. Martin Co. G, George H. Martin, Co. G, Asa O. Davis, Co. G, David W. Collins, Co., Andrew Myers, Co. G, Simon Rollenson, Co. I, Jacob Sheak, Co. I, Henry G. Stark, Co. I.

WOUNDED. Capt. Peter Grubb, Co. G, Sergt. M V. B. Longworth, Co. G, Corp. Lyman S. Ensign, Co. F, Private Wm. D. Breyfogle, Co. C, Samuel Wells, Co. C, Finley Bain, Co. C, James Holloway, Co. C, Reason Gillmore, Co. D, Michael Hermann, Co. G, Henry P. Pfeiffer, Co. G, Wm. Shinderwolf, Co. G, George W. Wilcox, Co. G, John Winstead, Co. I, Jacob Boyer, Co. K, Joseph Short, Co. K”

From the marker on Emmitsburg Road:

Companies G and I, 4th Ohio Infantry, 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, July 2 1863. At 3 p.m., July 2, 1863, while the regiment was lying on Cemetery Ridge, Companies G and I, Fourth Ohio Infantry, detached under Captain Peter Grubb of Company G, advanced to this position where, with severe loss, they engaged the enemy during the remainder of the day. Late in the evening they were withdrawn to the regiment on East Cemetery Hill.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap
August 15 – September 16 On detached duty at New York City
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Auburn and Bristoe
November 1 Lieutenant Colonel Carpenter was promoted to colonel. Colonel Carpenter’s muster was revoked, however, as the regiment was below the minimum number of men for the grade of colonel.
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 27 Robertson’s Tavern or Locust Grove
November 28-30 Mine Run
1864
February 6-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan, Morton’s Ford
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 3 to June 15 Campaign from the Rapidan to the James
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8 Laurel Hill
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House
May 10 Po River
May 12 “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12
Cold Harbor
June 16-18
First Assault on Petersburg

Siege of Petersburg begins

June 21 Old members mustered out under Colonel Carpenter.
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
June 26 Consolidated to a Battalion
July 27-29 Demonstration north of James River
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
August 13-20 Demonstration north of James River
August 14-18 Strawberry Plains, Deep Bottom
August 25 Ream’s Station
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
1865
February 5-7 Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run
March 25 Watkins’ House
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
March 29-31 Boydton and White Oak Road
March 31 Crow’s House
April 2 Fall of Petersburg
April 6 Sailor’s Creek
April 7 High Bridge and Farmville
April 9
Appomattox Court House

Surrender of Lee and his army.

May 1-12 March to Washington, D.C.
May 23 Grand Review
July 12 Mustered out