United States Regiments & Batteries > Ohio


The 8th Ohio Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 8 officers and 124 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 1 officer and 72 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. The Regiment is honored by monuments at Antietam and Gettysburg.

1861
May-June Organized at Camp Dennison, Ohio under Colonel Herman G. DePuy and Lieutenant Colonel Charles A. Park. Colonel DePuy would resign before the regiment mustered in.
June 22 Mustered in.
July 8 Moved to Grafton, Va.
July 9 At West Union, Preston County. Captain Franklin Sawyer of Company D was promoted to major.
July 13-18 Pursuit of Garnett’s forces
July-September Guard duty on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. Attached to Hill’s 3rd Brigade, Army of Occupation, West Virginia
September 2 Action at Worthington, Va.
September 23 Hanging Rock, Romney
September 23-25 Romney
October 26 Mill Creek Mills, Romney
November 4 Lieutenant Colonel Park resigned
November 25 Major Sawyer was promoted to lieutenant colonel and Captain Albert H. Winslow of Company A was promoted to major.
December 15 Captain Samuel S. Carroll U.S.A., recently quartermaster at West Point, was appointed Colonel of the 8th Ohio.
1862
January 6-7 Expedition to Blue’s Gap, attached to Landers’ Division, Army Potomac
January 7 Blue’s Gap
January 10 Evacuation of Romney
February 9 and 13 Bloomery Gap
February Duty at Paw Paw Tunnel
March 7-15 Advance on Winchester, Va., attached to 1st Brigade, Shields’ 2nd Division, Banks’ 5th Army Corps
March 19 Strasburg
March 22
Battle of Kernstown

The 8th Ohio lost 46 men casualties. Lieutenant Alfred R. Craig was wounded.

March 23 Winchester
March 25 Cedar Creek
April 1 Woodstock
April 2 Edenburg
April 4 Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Department of the Shenandoah
April 16 Mt. Jackson
May 12-21 March to Fredericksburg, Va., attached to Kimball’s Independent Brigade, Dept. of the Rappahannock
May 24 Colonel Carroll took over brigade command
May 25-30 Return to Front Royal
May 30 Front Royal
June 3-7 Expedition to Luray
June 8 Port Republic Bridge
June 9 Port Republic
June 29-30 Moved to Alexandria, then to Harrison’s Landing
July 3-4 Haxall’s, Herring Creek, Harrison’s Landing, attached to Kimball’s Independent Brigade, 2nd Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
July-August At Harrison’s Landing
August 16-28 Movement to Fortress Monroe, then to Centreville
September 1 Cover Pope’s retreat from Bull Run to Fairfax Court House
September 6-22 Maryland Campaign, attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 2nd Army Corps
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The 8th Ohio was commanded at Antietam by Lieutenant Colonel Franklin Sawyer. It brought 341 men to the field and lost 32 men killed, 129 men wounded and 5 men missing.

From the monument on the Antietam battlefield:

September 17, 1862 forded Antietam Creek waist deep, formed line of battle South of the Roulette buildings, in orchard, took crest of hill at the point of the bayonet; held position four hours; supplies exhausted; ammunition and muskets from dead and wounded; charged “Bloody Lane” captured about 300 prisoners; number engaged 341; Losses in killed and wounded 162.

Lieutenants Charles W. Barnes and John Lantry were killed. Lieutenants William Delaney and Charles W. Barnes were mortally wounded. Lieutenants George S. Smith and Alfred R. Craig were wounded, Smith losing an eye.

From the brigade marker on the Antietam battlefield at the Sunken Road:

Kimball’s Brigade, following Weber and Morris, encountered the enemy in the Bloody Lane and in the cornfield to the south.

The contest there was of the most desperate character, and continued until afternoon when, supported on the left by Richardson’s Division, the Brigade attacked the enemy and gained the Bloody Lane.

An attack on the right flank was made and repulsed by a change of front of the Ohio and Indiana Regiments, forming the right wing of the Brigade in its final assault on the enemy’s position.

September 22 Moved to Harper’s Ferry
October 1-2 Reconnaissance to Leesburg
October 30-November 19 March to Falmouth
December 12-15
Battle of Fredericksburg

The regiment served as skirmishers from the cover of town buildings about 150 yards from Confederate lines and was spared the slaughter of the rest of the 2nd Corps. Sergeant-Major Eugene E. Henthorn was killed.

December At Falmouth, Va.
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
March 4 Captain George M. Tillotson died of illness.
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

The 8th Ohio was in reserve.

June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Franklin Sawyer, who was wounded on July 3. Corporal John Miller of Company G and Private James Richmond of Company F were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions on July 3rd when they captured three Confederate flags.

From the monument:

8th Ohio Infantry, Carrol’s Brig. 3d Div. 2d Corps. July 2,3, 1863. Engaged 209. Killed 19. Wounded 83. Missing 1. Total 102.

The 8th Ohio Infantry under Lieut. Col. Franklin Sawyer, took this position at 4 p.m. July 2, after a brief skirmish and held it July 2 and 3 during Longstreet’s assault. July 3, the regiment advanced and by left wheel attacked the enemy in flank, capturing three flags and numerous prisoners.

Sergeants John C. Kipka and David A Goodsell of Company A were killed. Lieutenant Wells W. Miller was wounded and disabled.

During Pickett’s Charge on July 3 the 8th Ohio was in an advance position on the north side of the charge and aggressively attacked the exposed flank of Brockenbrough’s Virginia Brigade. Brockenbrough’s men broke for the rear, beginning the disintegration of the Confederate charge, and the 8th continued to rake exposed Confederate units. When the 200 men of the 8th Ohio returned to Union lines after the charge with over 300 Confederate prisoners they were cheered by the Union defenders.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee to Manassas Gap, Va.
August 15-September 16 On detached duty at New York during draft disturbances
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 14 Auburn and Bristoe
November 7-8 Advance to line of the Rappahannock
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 27 Robertson’s Tavern, or Locust Grove
November 28-30
Mine Run

Lieutenant Colonel Sawyer was wounded

1864
February 5-7 Demonstration on the Rapidan
February 6-7 Morton’s Ford
March Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps
May 3-June 15 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness

Captain Alfred R. Craig was killed. Captain David Lewis was wounded. Captain Alfred T. Craig was missing.

May 8
Laurel Hill
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House

Lieutenant Colonel Colonel Sawyer was wounded for the third time. Lieutenant Jacob P. Hysung was wounded and disabled.

Private Lewis A. Rounds of Company D was awarded the Medal Of Honor for capturing a Confederate flag.

May 10 Pa River
May 12 “Bloody Angle”
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 26-28 On line of the Pamunkey
May 8-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12 Cold Harbor
June 16-18 First Assault on Petersburg
June 16-25 Siege of Petersburg
June 22-23 Jerusalem Plank Road, Weldon Railroad
June 24 Left trenches for muster out.
June 25 Veterans and Recruits formed into two Companies and transferred to 4th Ohio Infantry Battalion
July 13 Regiment mustered out at Cleveland under Lt. Colonel Sawyer