“Curtin Light Guards”
The 109th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 3 officers and 61 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 71 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.
|March to May||The 109th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment was organized at Philadelphia under the command of Colonel Henry J. Stainrook, Lieutenant Colonel Charles I. Harris and Major William A. Gray|
|May 10||Moved to Washington, D.C.|
|May 24||To Harper’s Ferry. Attached to 1st Brigade, Sigel’s Division, Dept. of the Shenandoah|
|May 24-30||Defense of Harper’s Ferry, W. Va.|
|June-August||Operations in the Shenandoah Valley. Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia|
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Army of Virginia. Lieutenant Lewis W. Ralston was shot in the abdomen.
|August 16-September 2||Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia. Guarded trains during Battles of Bull Run.|
|September 6-22||Maryland Campaign. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. Colonel Stainrook took command of the brigade as senior colonel and Captain George E. Seymour commanded the regiment.|
The regiment was in reserve guarding supply trains.
|September-December||Duty at Bolivar Heights|
|October||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps|
|October 25||Captain Lewis W. Ralston was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|November 9||Reconnaissance to Ripon, W. Va.|
|December 2-6||Reconnaissance to Winchester|
|December 9-16||March to Fredericksburg|
|January 20-24||Burnside’s 2nd Campaign, “Mud March.” Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|February – April||At Stafford Court House|
|April 27-May 6||
Colonel Stainrook was killed by a Confederate sharpshooter, who was in turn shot by Lieutenant Kidney of Company G. Lieutenant Colonel Ralston was promoted to colonel and took over the regiment.
|June 11-July 24||
The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Captain Frederick Gimber, a Philadelphia clerk. The 109th took 149 men into battle, and lost three killed, six wounded, and one missing.
July 1st. The regiment arrived within two miles of Gettysburg about 5 p.m. and took position on the left of Baltimore Pike. July 2nd it moved here and built these works. In the evening it was withdrawn with the Brigade, and returning in the night, found the works in the possession of the enemy, when it formed at right angles to this line behind a ledge of rocks to the left and rear of this position designated on a marker. After severe fighting on the morning of the 3rd this line was recaptured and held until the close of battle.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee|
|August-September||Duty near Raccoon Ford|
|Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. and attached to Army of the Cumberland|
|October 26-29||Reopening Tennessee River|
Battle of Wauhatchie, Tenn.
Ringgold Gap, Taylor’s Ridge, Ga.
|December – April||Duty on Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad|
|April||Attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland|
|May 1-September 8||
|May 8-11||Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge|
Battle of Resaca
|May 19||Near Cassville|
New Hope Church
|May 25-June 5||Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and bathes about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills|
|June 10-July 2||Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain|
Gilgal or Golgotha Church
|June 17||Muddy Creek|
|June 19||Noyes Creek|
|June 22||Kolb’s Farm|
Assault on Kenesaw
|July 4||Ruff’s Station or Smyrna Camp Ground|
|July 5-17||Chattahoochie River|
|July 19-20||Peach Tree Creek|
|July 22-August 25||Siege of Atlanta|
|Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge|
|September 2-November 15||Occupation of Atlanta|
|October 26-29||Expedition to Tuckum’s Cross Roads|
|November 9||Near Atlanta|
|November 15-December 10||
March to the sea
Siege of Savannah
|January – March||
Campaign of the Carolinas
Battle of Bentonville, N. C.
|March 31||Consolidated with 111th Pennsylvania Infantry|