The 149th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment lost 4 officers and 160 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 172 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by three monuments at Gettysburg.
|August||Organized at Harrisburg|
|September||Ordered to Washington, D. C. and attached to Defenses of Washington, D.C.|
|February||Ordered to join 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps, Army of the Potomac at Belle Plains, Va., and duty there|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations about Pollock’s Mill Creek|
|May 2-5||Battle of Chancellorsville|
|June 11-July 24||Gettysburg Campaign|
Battle of Gettysburg
In the first day’s fighting along Chambersburg Pike the regiment suffered heavily from Confederate artillery (one shot killing three men, cutting Captain Alfred Sofiel in half) until Lt. Col. Dwight sent the color party fifty yards north to draw fire away from the regiment. This worked, although when the Union line was forced to retreat the colors were not retrieved. This was spite of the heroic death of Color Sergeant Henry Brehm, who was shot down after he had fought off a party of attackers and was running to return the colors to the retreating regiment.
The regiment was commanded at Gettysburg by Lieutenant Colonel Walton Dwight until he was wounded on July 1. For some time all of the 149th’s officers on the field were killed and wounded.
Company D had been detached as Provost Guard for the division. It reached the field near the Schultz House where the Company D monument is now located and made a stand for twenty minutes to cover the retreating men. Its commander, Captain Glenn, assumed command of the 149th upon learning he was the regiment’s only unwounded officer.
From the main monument on Chambersburg Pike, on the northwest side of town:
July 1st. The Regiment held this position from 11:30 a.m. until the Corps retired, resisting several assaults of the enemy, making two successful charges to the R.R. Cut and changing front to rear under fire.
July 2nd. Moved to support of the left and remained on picket all night. In the morning of the 3rd moved to left center where its other monument stands.
Carried into action 450. Killed and mortally wounded 66. Wounded 159. Captured or missing in toal 336. Mustered in Aug. 30th, 1862. Mustered out June 24th 1865.
From a monument to Company D:
Erected and presented to the company by George W. Baldwin in memory of his brother Joseph H. Baldwin who was killed here July 1, 1863 and Alex. M. Stewart mortally wounded dying in Gettysburg July 6, 1863.
Co. D-149th Regiment Pa. Vols. held this ground for 20 minutes on the evening of July 1st 1863 against the right of Scales Brigade by order of Maj. Gen. Abner Doubleday Commanding 1st Army Corps.
|July 5-24||Pursuit of Lee|
|August||At Bealeton Station|
|October 9-22||Bristoe Campaign|
|November 7-8||Advance to line of the Rappahannock|
|November 26-December 2||Mine Run Campaign|
|December||Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 1st Army Corps|
|February 6-7||Demonstration on the Rapidan|
|February||Duty near Culpeper|
|March||Attached to 3rd Brigade, 4th Division, 5th Army Corps|
|May 4-June 12||Rapidan Campaign|
Battle of the Wilderness
|May 8||Laurel Hill|
Spottsylvania Court House
|May 12||Assault on the Salient|
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 25||Jericho Ford|
|May 26-28||On line of the Pamunkey|
|June 1-3||Bethesda Church. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 5th Army Corps|
|June 16-18||First Assault on Petersburg|
|July 30||Mine Explosion, Petersburg (Reserve)|
|August 18-21||Weldon Railroad|
|September||Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 5th Army Corps|
|September 29-October 2||Poplar Springs Church|
|October 27-28||Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run|
|December 7-12||Warren’s Raid on Weldon Railroad|
|February 5-7||Dabney’s Mills, Hatcher’s Run|
|February 10||Ordered to Baltimore, Md. then to Draft Rendezvous, Elmira, N.Y., and duty there|
|June 24||Mustered out|