United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry


The 46th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 14 officers and 165 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 136 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by a monument at Gettysburg.

1861
September 1 Organized at Harrisburg under Colonel Joseph F. Knipe, Liutenant Colonel Jas. L. Selfridge and Major Arnold C. Lewis
September 22 Major Lewis was killed by John Lanahan of Company I. Lanahan had been in a fight with another soldier and had been tied to the rear of a baggage wagon as punishment. He got free and hunted down Major Lewis with a pistol, shooting him in the back as the major was dismounting to arrest him. Lanahan was hanged for the murder on December 23.

Captain J. A. Matthews of Company A was promoted to major.

November Ordered to Join General Nathaniel Banks in the Shenandoah Valley. Attached to Gordon’s Brigade, Banks’ Division for guard and outpost duty on the Upper Potomac
1862
February 24 Crossed the Potomac at Harpers Ferry
March 1-12 Advance on Winchester. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Banks’ 5th Corps
March 7 Near Winchester
March 12 Occupation of Winchester
March 18 Ordered to Manassas, Va. and return to Winchester.
March 24-April 7 Pursuit of Jackson up the Valley
April 4 Transferred to the Department of the Shenandoah
April 16 Columbia Furnace
April 26 Skirmish at Gordonsville and Keazletown Cross Roads
May 15-June 17 Operations in the Shenandoah Valley
May 15 At Strasburg
May 20-25 Retreat to Winchester
May 23 Front Royal
May 24
Kernstown and Middletown

Captain Cyrus Strouse captured

May 25
Battle of Winchester

The regiment lost four killed, ten wounded, and three captured.

May 25-26 Retreat to Williamsport
June 10-18 Moved to Front Royal. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 2nd Corps, Army of Virginia
June 29-30 Reconnaissance to Luray
June 30 Luray
July At Warrenton, Gordonsville and Culpeper
August 9
Battle of Cedar Mountain

The regiment lost 30 killed, 34 badly wounded, and 6 captured. Lieutenants William P. Caldwell, Samuel H. Jones and Robert Wilson were killed and Colonel Knipe, Major Matthews, Captains Brooks, Foulke and Lukenbaugh, Lieutenants William Caldwell, Craig, Thomas Matthews and D. C. Selheimer were wounded and Captain William Shattuck was captured.

August 16 -September 2 Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 28 Guard trains during the Bull Run battles. Manassas Junction
September 6-24 Maryland Campaign; attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 12th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment was under the command of Colonel Knipe until he took over the brigade and Lieutenant Colonel Selfridge took over the regiment. It was lightly engaged in the East Woods, but suffered the loss of Captain George Brooks and 5 enlisted men killed and 3 wounded.

From the War Department marker to Crawford’s Brigade on the Antietam battlefield:

Crawford’s Brigade advanced from Line’s farm at daybreak, on the right of Williams’ Division. The 124th Pennsylvania was detached and supported Magilton’s Brigade of Meade’s Division in its engagement on the north edge of the Cornfield. In its deployment the Brigade moved to the left in support of Ricketts’ Division, a part of which it relieved at this point, and occupied the northeast corner of the Cornfield and a part of the East Woods, where it was heavily engaged. Upon the turning of the Confederate flank by Greene’s Division, the 125th Pennsylvania advanced across the fields north of the Smoketown Road and penetrated the woods around the Dunkard Church. The Brigade supported Sedgwick’s Division in its advance and, later in the day, formed in support of the Sixth Corps.

From Lieutenant Colonel Selfridge’s Official Report for the 46th Pennsylvania at Antietam:

By order of Brigadier-General Mansfield, temporarily commanding the corps, the regiment was ordered to advance to the front about 5.30 o’clock a. m., and was marched into the woods, immediately fronting the position on the enemy, in column of companies, where they were deployed by order of Colonel Knipe into line of battle, and opened a lively fire of musketry upon the enemy. This position was maintained for upward of an hour, the enemy obstinately holding his ground in a corn-field fronting the woods, when Colonel Knipe ordered the regiments to advance. This order was obeyed with alacrity, the regiment advancing to the edge of the field occupied by the enemy, and pouring into their ranks at every step fire so well directed that, if well supported, would have compelled the enemy to give way. But this support was not given and, in consequence, the regiment was compelled to retire some 200 or 300 yards, where they met re-enforcements hastening to the front. The One hundred and twenty-eighth Pennsylvania Volunteers, a new and untried regiment, was brought to our right in column of companies closed in mass. They had no sooner arrived in the field than their colonel fell, and their lieutenant-colonel was so severely wounded that he had to be carried to the rear. Colonel Knipe assisted Major Wanner, the remaining field officer, in deploying the regiment, and it, with other regiments, including the Forty-sixth, advanced and drove the enemy out of the corn-field over another, in clover, into woods beyond both.

After this was accomplished there was a pause of about a half hour in the battle, with the exception of the artillery firing. A brigade advanced about this time out of the woods to our left, and passing us, pressed into those on our right, where they engaged the enemy, but were compelled to retire in about fifteen minutes in great confusion. They rushed past the regiments composing Crawford’s brigade, and imparted, to a great degree, the alarm which they themselves felt to some of these regiments, which joined int their flight. The situation was most critical. A battery – a regular one, I think – was wheeled into position on the crest of the slope dividing the two skirts of woods, and opened a tremendous fire of grape and canister upon the pursuing foe. No infantry at the time supported this battery. Colonel Knipe with his colors and a small fragment of this regiment were all that showed any organization in the neighborhood. Some general (name unknown) entreated him to rally what he could of the retreating regiments around his standards and save the battery. This he succeeded in doing, the One hundred and seventh New York responding to this entreaties and forming on his colors. Other regiments, seeing the posture of affairs, regained their confidence and returned to the field. The battery was saved, the enemy retreading to the woods, and the battle, as far as infantry was concerned, on this part of the field, ended. By direction of General Williams, the regiment – what was left of it – retired to the rear to enjoy that rest of which they were so much in need.

Official Reports: Series 1, Vol 19, Part 1 (Antietam – Serial 27) , Pages 489 – 490

September-December Duty in Maryland
November 1 Major Matthews was promoted to colonel of the 128th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, and Captain Cyrus Strouse of Company K was promoted to major
November 29 Colonel Knipe was promoted to brigadier general.
December 10-14 March to Fairfax Station
December At Fairfax Station
1863
January 20-24 “Mud March”
February-April Moved to Stafford Court House and duty there
April 27-May 6 Chancellorsville Campaign
May 1-5
Battle of Chancellorsville

Major Cyrus Strouse, Lieutenant Obediah R. Priestly and and two enlisted men were killed, a large number wounded, and Captain Patrick Griffin and Lieutenant Edmond Cramsie captured.

May 10 Lt. Colonel Selfridge was promoted to colonel
June 7 Captain William Foulk of Company B promoted to lieutenant colonel
June 11-July 24 Gettysburg Campaign
July 1-3
Battle of Gettysburg

The regiment was commanded by Colonel James L. Selfridge. It brought 262 men to the field, losing Privates John Wenrich and Charles Briner killed, Lieutenant Darius Gilger and 9 enlisted men wounded and one man missing in fighting near Spangler’s Spring on the south side of Culp’s Hill.

From the monument:

July 2. The Regiment constructed and held these works until evening when the Division moved to support the left of the line. Returning in the night the enemy was found in the works and the Regiment was posted in the open field in the rear until the enemy was driven out, when it returned and held the works until the close of battle.

July 3, 1863 p.m. ordered to support of the centre between General Meade’s headquarters and the fighting line and in reserve. After repulse of Longstreet’s assault returned to breastworks. July 4, a.m. Reconnoitered towards Hanover. Returned through Gettysburg and encamped.

July 5-24 Pursuit of Lee
August-September Duty on the line of the Rappahannock
August 1 Captain Patrick Griffin was promoted to major
September 24-October 3 Movement to Bridgeport, Ala. and assigned to the Army of the Cumberland
October Guard duty on Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad
1864
January Regiment reenlisted
April Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps Army of the Cumberland
May 1-September 8 Atlanta Campaign
May 8-11 Demonstration on Rocky Faced Ridge
May 14-15
Battle of Resaca

Lieutenant John Knipe was mortally wounded

May 19 Near Cassville
May 25-June 5 Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills
May 25
New Hope Church

Captain Dennis Cheseboro and Lieutenant John Phillips were killed and Lieutenant Jacob Getter wounded

June 10-July 2 Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain
June 11-14 Pine Hill
June 15 Gilgal, or Golgotha Church
June 15-17 Lost Mountain
June 17 Muddy Creek
June 19 Noyes Creek
June 22 Kolb’s Farm
June 27 Assault on Kenesaw
July 4 Ruff’s Station or Smyrna Camp Ground
July 5-17 Chattahoochie River
July 19-20
Peach Tree Creek

Lieutenants Samuel Wolf and Howell Davis and 5 enlisted men were killed. Captain Sefra Ketrer, Adjutant Luther R. Whitman, Lieutenant D. C. Selheliner were mortally wounded and 22 enlisted men were wounded

July 22-August 25 Siege of Atlanta
August 26-September 2 Operations at Chattahoochie River Bridge
September 2-November 15 Occupation of Atlanta
November 15-December 10 March to the sea
December 10-21 Siege of Savannah
1865
January to April Campaign of the Carolinas
March 2 Thompson’s Creek, near Chesterfield Court House, S.C.
March 3 Thompson’s Creek, near Cheraw, S.C.
March 16 Averysboro, N. C.
March 19-21 Battle of Bentonville
March 24 Occupation of Goldsboro
April 9-13 Advance on Raleigh
April 14 Occupation of Raleigh
April 26 Bennett’s House. Surrender of Johnston and his army.
April 29-May 20 March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va.
May 24 Grand Review
June Duty at Washington
July 16 Mustered out