United States Regiments & Batteries > Pennsylvania > Infantry


The 51st Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 12 officers and 165 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 137 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored by two monuments at Antietam.

1861
Recruited in Montgomery, Northampton, Union, Centre, Lycoming and Snyder Counties and organized at Harrisburg under Colonel John. F. Hartranft.
November 16 Left State for Annapolis, Md. and duty there
1862
January 9 Attached to Reno’s Brigade, Burnside’s North Carolina Expeditionary Corps for Burnside’s Expedition to Hatteras Inlet and Roanoke Island, N. C.
February 8 Battle of Roanoke Island
March 11-13 Moved to New Berne
March 14 Battle of New Berne
March 21-22 Expedition to Pollocksville
April 17-19 Expedition to Elizabeth City
April 19 Camden, South Mills
April Duty at New Berne attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, Dept. of North Carolina
July 6-9 Moved to Newport News, Va. and assigned to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac
August 2-4 To Fredericksburg
August 12-15 March to relief of Pope
August 16-September 2 Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 29 Battles of Groveton
August 30 Bull Run
September 1 Chantilly
September 6-24 Maryland Campaign
September 14 Battle of South Mountain
September 16-17
Battle of Antietam

The regiment, along with the 51st New York Infantry, took part in the final assault that carried Burnside’s Bridge. It was commanded by Colonel Hartranft.

From the monument to the regiment on Branch Avenue:

Casualties at Antietam
Killed 21  
Wounded 99  Total 120

From the monument to the regiment by Burnside’s Bridge:

The following comrades were killed:

Lieut. Col. Thos. S. Bell
Private James Coulston, Co. A
Private William Somerlot, Co. A
Private Charles Keyser, Co. A
5th Sergt. Richard J. Williams, Co. B
8th Corp. George W. Bird, Co. B
Private David S. Hutman, Co. B
Private Henry G. Moore, Co. B
1st Lieut. David Hunsicker, Co. C
Private David McKane, Co. C
Private Simon P. Emery, Co. C
Private George Mayberry, Co. D
Private John Hallowell, Co. C
Private William Comer, Co.
Private Henry S. Lentz, Co. F
Private Henry Shultz, Co. F
Private James Dowling, Co. G
Private Miles Dillen, Co. G
Private William Wanrick, Co. G
Private Wallis Wiggins, Co. G
1st Sergt. Matthew Vandine, Co.G
1st Lieut. Jacob G.Beaver,Co. H
Private Isaac Beck, Co. H
Private Edward Bear, Co. H
Private Levi Marks, Co. H
Private Isaac Wittes, Co. H
Private Thomas P. DAvis, Co. I
Sergt. Albert Snyder, Co. K

And 84 others wounded.

From the War Department marker for Ferrero’s Brigade at Burnside’s Bridge:

On the morning of the 17th Ferrero’s Brigade was in position about a half mile northeast of this point on the Rohrback Farm. About 9 A.M. it moved to the left and, after several changes of position, was ordered to carry the bridge. The 51st Pennsylvania and the 51st New York were formed under cover of the hill overlooking this point; skirmishers were thrown forward to the stone fence above the bridge and behind fences and trees along the stream below it; and, under cover of the fire from the Federal Artillery, the two Regiments charged down the hill, carried the bridge and formed, under cover of the bluff, in the road beyond it. The 35th Massachusetts, closely supported by the 21st Massachusetts, followed and ascended the bluff on the right where, later in the day, it was joined by the remainder of the Brigade and led the advance to the Otto farm lane, where it became severely engaged and lost heavily in killed and wounded.

Late at night the Brigade was relieved by Welsh’s Brigade of Willcox’s Division and fell back to the banks of the Antietam.

From the War Department marker for Ferrero’s Brigade on Branch Avenue:

After Ferrero’s Brigade carried the stone bridge it formed under cover of the high ground north of it. Nagle’s Brigade formed on its left. Willcox’s, Scammon’s and Rodman’s Divisions formed in advance of them and moved on Sharpsburg. On the repulse and retirement of the three Divisions, Ferrero and Nagle advanced to check Confederate pursuit. The left and center of Ferrero’s Brigade halted under cover of the crest of the ridge beyond the ravine, the right (35th Massachusetts) continued its advance to Otto’s lane, 270 yards distant, and engaged the Confederates posted on this line behind the stone walls right and left of it and in the 40 acre cornfield south. The engagement continued into the night, Ferrero’s Brigade suffering much loss, the principal part of which fell to the 35th Massachusetts, which had 214 officers and men killed and wounded.

September-October Duty at Pleasant Valley
October 27-November 19 Movement to Falmouth, Va.
December 12-15 Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.
1863
January 20-24 Burnside’s second Campaign. “Mud March”

February 19 Moved to Newport News
March 26-April 1 To Covington and Paris, Ky. Attached to to Army of the Ohio
April 3 Moved to Mount Sterling
May 6-7 To Lancaster
May 23 To Crab Orchard
June 3-17 Movement to Vicksburg, Miss
June 17-July 4 Siege of Vicksburg; attached to the Army of the Tennessee
July 5-10 Advance on Jackson, Miss.
July 10-17 Siege of Jackson
July At Milldale
August 6-20 Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio and assigned to the Army of the Ohio
August-October Duty in Kentucky
November Operations in East Tennessee
November 4-December 23 Knoxville Campaign
November 16 Campbell’s Station
November 17-December 4 Siege of Knoxville
December 5-29 Pursuit of Longstreet
1864
January 1 Regiment reenlisted
January 11-March 9 Regiment on Veteran furlough
March-April At Annapolis, Md. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac
May 4-June 12 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7
Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21
Battle of Spottsylvania Court House
May 9 Ny River
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 24 Ox Ford
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy
June 1-12 Battle of Cold Harbor
June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 16-18 Before Petersburg. Siege of Petersburg begins.
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg
August 18-21 Weldon Railroad
September Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps
September 29-October 2 Poplar Springs Church, Peeble’s Farm
October 8 Reconnaissance on Vaughan and Squirrel Level Road
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher’s Run
1865
March 25 Fort Stedman
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2 Assault on and fall of Petersburg
April 20-28 Pursuit of Lee to Farmville. Moved to City Point, thence to Alexandria.
May 23 Grand Review
June-July Duty at Washington and Alexandria
July 27 Mustered out