United States Regiments & Batteries > Rhode Island

The 1st Rhode Island Volunteer Cavalry Regiment lost 1 officer and 16 enlisted men killed or mortally wounded and 2 officers and 77 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. Over 2,000 men served with the regiment, which suffered heavy casualties in wounded and captured through the war.

December 14 –
March 3
Organized at Pawtucket as 1st New England Cavalry, afterwards designated 1st Rhode Island Cavalry
March 12 & 14 Left State for Washington, D.C.
March Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D.C., attached to Stoneman’s Cavalry Command, Army of the Potomac, then to Hatch’s Cavalry Brigade, Banks’ 5th Corps
April 4 Moved to Warrenton Junction, Va.
April 16 Reconnaissance to Rappahannock River (3rd Battalion), Warrenton Junction, Reconnaissance to Liberty Church
April 17 Occupation of Mt. Jackson (4 Companies)
April 18 Reconnaissance to Rappahannock Crossing (4 Companies)
May Attached to Shields’ Division, Dept. of the Rappahannock (3rd Battalion); Geary’s Command, Dept. of the Rappahannock (1st Battalion)
May 29 Advance to Front Royal
May 30 Front Royal (3rd Battalion)
June 1 Strasburg
April 2 Columbia Bridge
June 3 Edenburg
June 4 Miller’s Bridge
June 5 New Market
June 6 Harrisonburg
June 8 Cross Keys
June 9 Port Republic and Mountain Road
June Scouting on the Rappahannock, attached to Bayard’s Cavalry Brigade, 3rd Corps, Army of Virginia
July 22-24 Reconnaissance to James City
August 3-4 Rapidan River
August 7 Slaughter River
August 8 Robinson’s River
August 9 Battle of Cedar Mountain
August 16-
September 2
Pope’s Campaign in Northern Virginia
August 20 Stevensburg, Raccoon Ford and Brandy Station
August 21-23 Fords of the Rappahannock
August 22 Catlett’s Station
August 23 Rappahannock Station
August 27 New Baltimore
August 28 Gainesville
August 30 Bull Run
August 31 Centreville, Chantilly and Germantown
September 1 Chantilly
September Attached to Stoneman’s Corps of Observation
September 15 White’s Ford
October 12 White’s Ford
October 27 Advance to Falmouth, Va.
October 31 Mountsville (Companies K, L and M)
November 16 Hazel Run
December Attached to Averell’s Cavalry Brigade, Centre Grand Division, Army of the Potomac
December 12-15 Battle of Fredericksburg (Companies K and M)
December 29-30 Expedition to Richards and Ellis Fords
February Attached to 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Potomac
February 25 Hartwood Church
March 17 Kelly’s Ford
April 27-May 8 Chancellorsville Campaign
April 29-May 8 Stoneman’s Raid
April 29 Kelly’s Ford
May 1 Rapidan Station
May 4 Ellis Ford
June 9
Battle of Brandy Station

Commanded by Lieutenant Colonel John L. Thompson.

June 17 & 18

The regiment was surrounded and almost wiped out, losing 240 out of 280 men engaged. Six men were killed and 20 wounded. Of the 210 men captured 40 managed to escape before being taken to prison in Richmond. Color Sergeant G.A. Robinson concealed the colors on his person before he was captured and brought them safely back to Union lines when he escaped a short time later. Colonel Duffié escaped with 4 officers and 27 men.

July-September The regiment was reconstituted and took part in scouting and outpost duty on the Upper Potomac.
September 13-17 Advance front Rapidan to the Rappahannock
September 13 Culpeper Court House
September 15 Rapidan Station
October 9-22 Bristoe Campaign
October 12 Near Warrenton
October 12-13 White Sulphur Springs, Culpeper
October 14 Auburn and Bristoe, Brentsville
November 26-December 2 Mine Run Campaign
November 27 New Hope Church
December Duty in the Defenses of Washington
January Attached to Cavalry Brigade, Camp Stoneman, 22nd Army Corps
January 5 3rd Battalion transferred to 1st New Hampshire Cavalry
May 14 Assigned to Abercrombie’s Command, Belle Plains, Va.
May 24-30 Picket duty at Port Conway and Port Royal
May 29 Bowling Green
June Attached to Reserve Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army of the Potomac
July 27-29 Demonstration north of the James
July 27-28 Deep Bottom
July 28 Malvern Hill
August 7-
November 28
Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Attached to Headquarters Cavalry Corps, Army of the Shenandoah, Middle Military Division
August 25-26 Shepherdstown
August 25 Kearneysville
August 29 Smithfield
September 19 Battle of Opequan (Third Battle of Winchester)
September 21-22 Battle of Fisher’s Hill and Milford
September 24 Brown’s Gap
September 29 Waynesboro
October Attached to 3rd (Reserve) Brigade, 1st Division, Cavalry Corps, Army Shenandoah
October 19 Battle of Cedar Creek
December 8-28 Raid to Gordonsville
December 23 Jack’s Shop, near Gordonsville
January 1 Consolidated to a Battalion of 4 Companies
February 27-March 3 Sheridan’s Raid from Winchester
March 2 Waynesboro
March 3-8 Guard prisoners from Waynesboro to Winchester
March Duty in the Shenandoah Valley attached to Cavalry Brigade, Army Shenandoah
June 22 At Monrovia Station and Relay House, Md.
August 3 Mustered out at Baltimore, Md.