The 3rd Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment lost 5 officers and 201 enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 officer and 164 enlisted men to disease during the Civil War. It is honored on the Old Vermont Brigade monument at Antietam, the 1st Vermont Brigade monument at Gettysburg, and the Vermont Brigade monument at The Wilderness.
|Organized at St. Johnsbury|
|July 16||Mustered in under Colonel William F. Smith (USMA 1845) and Lt. Colonel Breed N. Hyde|
|July 24-26||Moved to Washington, D.C. Duty at Georgetown Heights and at Camp Griffin, defences of Washington attached to W. F. Smith’s Brigade, Division of the Potomac|
|August 12||Ordered to Chain Bridge, about ten miles above Georgetown on the Potomac. Went into camp on the east end of the bridge, brigaded with the 2nd Vermont, the 6th Maine and the 33rd New York regiments.|
|August 13||Colonel Smith was promoted to brigadier general, Lt Colonel Hyde was promoted to colonel, Captain Wheelock Veazey to lieutenant colonel and Captain Thomas O. Seaver of Company F was promoted to major.|
|September 11||Skirmish at Lewinsville|
|September 25||Reconnoissance to Lewinsville|
|October||Joined with the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Vermont Regiments to form Brooks’ Brigade, Smith’s Division, Army of the Potomac|
|November||Duty in the Defences of Washington at Camp Griffin.|
|March 10||Moved to Alexandria, attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 4th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|March 23-24||Moved by ship to the Virginia Peninsula, landing near Fort Monroe and moving to Newport News.|
|April 2||Began the march up the Peninsula.|
|April 4||Action at Young’s Mill|
|April 5-May 4||Siege of Yorktown; attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac|
|April 16||Lee’s Mills|
Battle of Williamsburg
|May 13||The 3rd Vermont was attached to 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac. It would remain with this organization until the end of the war.|
|May 19||Marched from White House Landing to the Chickahominy River, going into camp at Golding’s Farm|
|June 25-July 1||
Seven days before Richmond
Garnett’s Farm, Savage Station
White Oak Swamp Bridge
|July-August||At Harrison’s Landing|
|August 16-24||Moved to Fortress Monroe, thence to Alexandria|
|August 30||Reached the Bull Run battlefield on the evening after the fighting.|
|September 1||Ordered back to Chantilly|
|September||Lieutenant Colonel Veazey returned to Vermont to raise recruits and became colonel of the 16th Vermont|
Commanded by Major Thomas O. Seaver. The regiment was not heavily engaged at Antietam and suffered only light losses.
From the War Department marker for Brooks’ brigade on the Antietam battlefield:
Brooks’ Brigade left its camp in Pleasant Valley at 6 A.M. of the 17th, crossed the Antietam at Pry’s Ford and reached the field about noon. It was ordered to the support of Sedgwick’s Division, Second Corps, on the Union right but, before getting into position, was ordered to the support of French’s Division and formed in Mumma’s Cornfield, on ground vacated by the 14th Connecticut, its left connecting with French, its right resting on Mumma’s Lane, facing south parallel to and about 170 yards from the Bloody Lane.
It was subjected to a galling fire of both Artillery and Sharpshooters, causing some loss.
It remained in this position until the morning of the 19th.
|September 26 -October 29||At Hagerstown, Md.|
|September 27||Major Seaver was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
|October 17||Colonel Whiting took command of the brigade.|
|October 29-November 19||Movement to Falmouth, Va.|
|January 15||Colonel Hyde resigned, having been ordered before a court martial on charges of cowardice at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Lt. Colonel Seaver was promoted to colonel.|
|January 20-24||Burnside’s Second Campaign, “Mud March”|
|April 27-May 6||Chancellorsville Campaign|
|April 29-May 2||Operations at Franklin’s Crossing|
Maryes Heights, Fredericksburg
Lieutenant Ronald A. Kennedy of Company I was wounded by a shell in his left side.
|June 5-13||Franklin’s Crossing|
Commanded by Colonel Thomas O. Seaver. It brought 428 men to the field and had no casualties.
From the Vermont Brigade monument on the Gettysburg battlefield:
Reaching this field by a forced march of thirty two miles in the evening of July 2, the brigade took position on the left Union flank near this point in anticipation of an attack by the enemy and held the same July 3d and 4th.
|July 10-13||Funkstown, Md.|
|August 14||Ordered to New York City|
|September 13-17||Moved to Alexandria, thence to Fairfax Court House|
|September 22||To Culpeper Court House|
|November 7-8||Advance to the Rappahannock|
|November 7||Rappahannock Station|
|November 26-December 2||
Mine Run Campaign
Colonel Seaver took temporary command of the brigade until February
|May-June||Campaign from the Rapidan to the James|
Assault at Spotsylvania Court House
Colonel Seaver was awarded the Medal of Honor for “At the head of three regiments and under a most galling fire, attacked and occupied the enemy’s works.”
Assault on the Salient, Spottsylvania Court House
Captain Horace W. Floyd of Company C was wounded in the hand.
|May 23-26||North Anna River|
|May 26-28||Line of the Pamunkey|
|June 18-19||Before Petersburg|
|June 22-23||Jerusalem Plank Road|
|June 24 – July 9||Siege of Petersburg|
|July 9-11||Moved to Washington, D.C.|
|July 11-12||Repulse of Early’s attack on Fort Stevens|
|July 27||Nonveterans mustered out, including Colonel Seaver.|
|August 4||Captain Horace W. Floyd was promoted to major.|
|August 7-November 28||Sheridan’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign|
|August 21-22||Near Charlestown|
|September 1||Opequan Creek|
|September 13||Gilbert’s Ford, Opequan Creek|
|October 18||Major Floyd was promoted to lieutenant colonel.|
Lieutenant Colonel Floyd was breveted colonel for gallantry.
|November 9||At Kernstown|
|December 9-12||Moved to Petersburg, Va.|
|December 13||Siege of Petersburg|
|March 25||Fort Fisher, before Petersburg|
|March 28-April 9||Appomattox Campaign|
|April 2||Assault on and fall of Petersburg|
|April 6||Sailor’s Creek|
Surrender of Lee and his army.
|April 10 – 23||At Farmville and Burkesville Junction|
|April 23-27||March to Danville|
|May 18||Moved to Manchester|
|May 24-June 2||Marched to Washington, D.C.|
|June 4||Brevet Colonel Horace W. Floyd was promoted to colonel.|
|June 8||Corps Review|
|July 11||Mustered out|